Red eyes are a very common problem. Under normal conditions, if you rub your fingers, your eyes will turn red, but they will recover soon.
Bacteria, viruses, allergies, chemicals or other diseases can cause eye infection, redness and [pink eye]. At this time, the main reason is congestion and edema of a transparent layer of membrane above the white eye, and sometimes similar problems will occur on the inner side of the eyelid.
Allergic pink eye and chemicals are not contagious. Allergens may include pollen, cosmetics, perfume or animal fur, and chemicals may be bleach, wax on furniture, etc.
And we often say, spring more common [pink eye], refers to virus and bacterial infection caused by infectious conjunctivitis. Hands are not washed clean, or sharing towels and other items with patients may be infected. Cough and sneezing may also be contagious.
In addition to red eyes, there are also some other symptoms.
Red eyes: the most typical and common symptom, but usually not very serious, after timely treatment, usually will not affect vision for a long time;
Eyelid swelling: Bacterial and allergic may have eyelid swelling. The former usually starts with the disease in one eye and then infects the other eye. It is also possible that both eyes occur at the same time.
Tears: Both viruses and allergies are likely to shed a lot of tears, and patients are [tearful] all day long.
Eye itch: Usually patients will feel especially itchy and still don’t want to rub it. Severe pain like burns may even occur.
Increased eye excrement: Viral and allergic diseases usually have transparent watery secretions, while a large number of yellowish-green secretions indicate that bacterial infection may occur.
Eyelid scabbing: When you wake up in the morning, you may feel that your eyelids seem to stick, which may be that there are too many secretions at night.
Fear of light: Pink eye patients may have mild photophobia. Severe patients may have decreased eyesight, extreme photophobia, or severe eye pain. At this time, it may be highly infectious, suggesting that you must see a doctor.
Foreign body sensation: It may feel like something is stuck in your eyes. Children may say there is sand in your eyes.
These diseases can also cause red eyes
Doctors may diagnose pink eye after eliminating some other diseases through symptoms. However, slit lamp examination is usually done. Sometimes some eye secretions may be taken for testing to see if the cause is what.
Pink eye disease lasting for a long time may be severe allergy or infection. The eyelid may also be infected and become blepharitis, or the infected cornea may develop dry eye.
In rare cases, pink eye may be a symptom of rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus or inflammatory bowel disease. Pink eye can also occur in children with Kawasaki disease, a rare disease that occurs in children and is characterized by high fever.
The treatment is relatively simple
Bacterial pink eye disease is treated with antibiotic eye drops or eye ointment. Most viruses do not need special treatment and usually heal within 4-7 days.
Allergic people may get better immediately as long as they leave the allergen. If the symptoms are serious, some anti-allergic eye drops can be added.
To relieve the pain and discomfort caused by pink eye infection caused by germs, cold compress can be applied to the eyes. Please make sure to cover both eyes with different cloths to prevent cross infection. And clean them every time. When scrubbing eye secretions, scrub eye secretions from inside to outside to prevent more dirty things from bringing into the eyes.
Preventing infection is more important.
Bacterial pink eye usually resumes work or returns to class 24 hours after medication until symptoms are relieved.
The best way to be viral is to keep isolated until the symptoms are completely relieved, because the whole course of the disease is infectious.
If you have pink eye, please do not touch your eyes and the surrounding position with your hands. You must wash your hands frequently, especially before you use eye drops. Never share towels with others, and throw away used paper towels directly. Towels and pillow towels should be washed every day. Kitchen hearths, pools, door handles, etc. should be disinfected. Cosmetics used when infected are recommended to be discarded.
Responsible Editor: Wang Yucheng