Winter goes to spring (yes, now) has always been a season of high incidence of epidemics. During this period, everyone can always hear news of various bird flu.
The State Health and Planning Commission has just released the general situation of infectious diseases in January. Data show that the number of cases and deaths in January was 192 and 79 respectively.
Compared with the past, these figures have obviously increased, thus triggering a heated discussion. Some people are frightened and others take it seriously.
As a clove doctor who has withstood multiple tests such as SARS and still stands firm, today I will tell you several keys to deal with bird flu.
Key One: Don’t Contact Live Poultry
During this period of time, [human infection with H7N9 bird flu] is prevalent. Its sources of infection are mainly live poultry and their secretions, excreta, or the live poultry trading areas of farmers’ markets contaminated by these. Therefore, the first thing we should do is to avoid contact with live poultry as much as possible.
For ordinary people, it is necessary to:
- Do not contact live birds such as chickens, ducks and geese and their excrement, and do not go to farmers’ markets where live birds are traded. Do not go to the wild or contact wild birds. (If sick or dead wild birds are found, they should be reported to the local wildlife or forestry management department in time) Pay attention to kitchen hygiene, separate raw and cooked with chopping boards, and cook thoroughly.
Key 2: Wash your hands carefully and frequently.
I have to say that Dr. Clove walked so safely in the Jianghu, relying on two tricks, one is to “capture hands” and the other is to “wash hands frequently”.
The first trick is not very useful, so you don’t have to learn it (Dr. Clove can’t teach it anyway). However, the second trick is to wash hands with soap, which is definitely the simplest disease prevention method, and everyone should know it.
Because we can control ourselves from contact with live birds, but we will inevitably come into contact with [people or things that may come into contact with live birds], we must pay attention to washing our hands and clean them.
In order to ensure that everyone washes their hands, they should also pay attention to these points:
Wash hands with flowing water (a basin of water is not recommended);
Let soap or hand sanitizer be fully rubbed and foamed (it is definitely useless to rub it off casually …);
Wash every place, including palm, back of hand, wrist, finger seam, nail seam, every corner can’t let go;
Soap bubbles should be thoroughly washed clean.
After washing hands, dry them with a clean towel or disposable paper towel (humid environment is conducive to the continued growth of bacteria).
Three Things You Must Know
1. Will bird flu be transmitted from person to person? Is the outside world dangerous?
[Human Infection with H7N9 Avian Influenza] The main route of transmission of the disease is temporarily considered to be [from bird to human], and there is no clear evidence of [from human to human] transmission.
As far as the current situation is concerned, the risk of public infection with H7N9 bird flu virus has not increased too much. It is not as common as other respiratory infectious diseases such as influenza.
So as long as you do a good job of protection, don’t think too much.
2. Chicken, duck, eggs, duck eggs, can these things still be eaten?
Chickens, ducks and other poultry and related products can definitely be bought and eaten, but they must be eaten safely.
First, attention should be paid to avoiding buying live poultry directly as far as possible, and to buying cold fresh poultry, chilled poultry and their products with quarantine certificates as far as possible.
Second, we must not buy live poultry from mobile vendors, nor mix live poultry purchased from the live poultry market or mobile vendors with domestic poultry.
3. Bird flu has what symptoms?
The general symptoms of bird flu are somewhat similar to influenza, such as fever, cough and less phlegm, accompanied by headache, muscle soreness and general discomfort.
In serious cases, the disease develops rapidly, manifested as severe pneumonia, with body temperature mostly above 39 ℃, dyspnea, hemoptysis, sputum and other symptoms.
However, these symptoms are only for reference, so we should not see a doctor for ourselves.
If you continue to have fever, cough, headache and other symptoms, put on a mask and go to a regular hospital as soon as possible.
Can fumigated vinegar prevent it?
Viruses and bacteria in the air are not sensitive to acidic environment. There have been experiments to study [whether fumigated vinegar in confined space can reduce bacteria], and the result is-useless.
Apart from these seemingly non-existent benefits, fumigated vinegar has a lot of effects on people, such as stimulating respiratory mucosa, which is likely to induce respiratory diseases for sensitive children, the elderly and people with asthma history.
The most direct way to reduce indoor air bacteria and viruses is still the four words: opening windows for ventilation.
The only thing to pay attention to is to drive when the air quality is good…