A fish bone caused [murder], the doctor taught you how to save yourself correctly.

Some media reported such a piece of news, [young fish bones stuck in their throats, heard that they had to use laryngoscope to find fish bones and punched doctors].

Before long, another report said that a patient was stuck by a 5 cm fishbone, which happened to be near the aorta. The operation cost more than 100,000 yuan for 6 hours. Netizens expressed their incomprehension.

As an otolaryngologist, I often feel chest tightness when I hear about fighting with fish bones.

In fact, not only fish bones can get stuck in the throat.

Jujube pits, coins and various bones may be stuck in the throat, which is a frequent visitor to otolaryngology emergency, but fish bones are indeed the most common.

Where are fish bones usually stuck?

Usually, a word [such as sticking in the throat] is used to describe a matter that is very disturbing, indicating that the fishbone is really uncomfortable when stuck in the throat. The specific location of the fishbone in the throat and whether the patient can cooperate well with the doctor to keep his mouth open determine the way the fishbone is finally removed.

The most common part of the fish bone is the oropharynx.

The following figure shows the most common and relatively simple areas where fish bones are stuck, including tonsils, around tonsils and the shallow part of the tongue root. Once the fish bones are stuck, patients can try to look for fish bones in these areas in front of a mirror or with the help of relatives and friends. If they still cannot find the fish bones and the stabbing pain is obvious, it is recommended to seek the help of a doctor in the hospital.

Oropharynx, the position where fish bones are easily stuck, including tonsil and its surroundings and tongue base.

Further deeper, the fishbone will still get stuck in the throat and pharynx. The fishbone patients in this part are generally difficult to see and need to go to the hospital for treatment. If you swallow rice forcibly at this time, it is possible to push foreign bodies into the esophagus.

There are four stenoses in the esophagus, of which fish bones are most likely to get stuck in the first stenosis, i.e. The entrance of the esophagus. If swallowing is still forced at this time, foreign bodies may be pushed to the level of the second stenosis, i.e. The aortic arch, or even directly penetrated into the aorta, which is life-threatening.

What can I do at home if I get stuck with a fish bone?

The media made a survey behind the news and asked netizens: Can you swallow rice and drink vinegar after getting stuck with fish bones? More than 20,000 netizens took part in the voting, and the results showed that more than 90% of them chose to try swallowing rice balls and drinking vinegar at home.

This result is not unexpected, but the possible consequences are shocking. For example, fish bones penetrate through arteries to endanger life, fish bones penetrate through esophagus to cause esophageal perforation, mediastinal infection…

So, what about what?

STEP 1 Don’t swallow rice

Don’t try to swallow the fish bones with rice ball steamed bread, because it will push the shallow thorns deep.

Even if you have swallowed fish bones by luck and passed the test smoothly, you must know that many partners are not so lucky. A fish bone in the oropharynx may be pushed deeper into the throat or even esophagus because of swallowing rice. Originally, the fish bone was very shallow, but it may go deep into the skin because of swallowing rice.

The deeper the position is, the harder it is for a doctor to find it. If you reach the esophagus, you need to get it through gastroscope or esophagoscope.

Step 2 Try coughing

If the fish bones are not too big, you can try to cough hard. Most of the time, those tiny fish bones will fall off with the air flow.

3. Please see a doctor in time for stabbing pain.

If the fish bone is very big and hard, the tingling pain is severe, or the neck and chest tingling pain is obvious, it is recommended to seek medical treatment immediately.

After going to the hospital, how will the doctor deal with fish bones?

In case the stab cannot come out, it is recommended to go to the hospital as soon as possible

Doctors will give different treatments according to the size, depth and location of fish bones:

  1. Direct take: Doctors can see fish bones in the relatively simple positions of oropharynx and laryngopharynx in the outpatient department. Doctors will first try to take them under direct vision.

  2. Laryngoscopic removal: If the thorn is too small to be found, or the position is too deep, or the patient’s pharyngeal reflex, the feeling of nausea and vomiting is especially obvious, and laryngoscopic removal of foreign bodies will be considered.

  3. Gastroscopy or esophagoscopy: If it is suspected that foreign bodies have entered the esophagus, they will be taken through gastroscopy or esophagoscopy according to the specific situation, which may require entering the operating room under general anesthesia.

  4. CT examination: If no foreign body is still found, but the patient feels sore throat or chest pain is obvious, or the neck is a little swollen, a neck or chest CT; may be taken.

  5. Thoracotomy: If it is suspected that the foreign body has penetrated through the pharynx or esophagus, it must enter the operating room, and it may be necessary to invite a thoracic surgeon to perform thoracotomy together.

Several Misunderstandings about Fish Brick

1. Why do some people have nothing to do with the stab, some people need laryngoscope, and some people need surgery after laryngoscope?

Because the cards are in different positions.

In addition to the relatively simple fish bones mentioned above, Apart from what doctors can find and take out under the naked eye, some fish bones will get stuck in the [ravines] of the throat. In addition, some patients have obvious [pharyngeal reflex] and feel nauseous and uncomfortable when touched lightly. Doctors cannot use their fists and feet in the cramped space. At this time, they need the assistance of laryngoscope.

Many patients are very nervous when they hear of laryngoscopy, thinking that it will be as painful as gastroscopy.

In fact, it is not. Laryngoscope is only a tool to help doctors find fish bones. Laryngoscope has its own light source and image magnification system, which can make most fish bones stuck in pharynx visible and allow doctors to find and remove them smoothly.

However, there are still very few parts that cannot be found under laryngoscope. At this time, doctors may consider:

(1) The patient’s feeling is that the local stab was bruised and the stab has fallen off.

(2) The fish bone is stuck into the skin and cannot be seen.

(3) Fish bones have reached deeper places, such as esophagus.

2. I feel something in my throat. Must there be fish bones?

Not necessarily. If there is only foreign body sensation without obvious stabbing pain and swallowing is not affected, either the fishbone is relatively small or the fishbone is bruised but has fallen off.

In this case, the doctor usually advises the patient to observe first after examination. If the symptoms of pain or foreign body are aggravated, then see a doctor in time and perform laryngoscopy or other examination as appropriate.

3. Is it really life-threatening to stick fish bones?

This kind of situation is rare, but it does happen.

There are two common possibilities:

    Foreign bodies are sharp and hard, such as large fish bones or chicken bones, which penetrate the pharynx or esophagus and puncture large blood vessels. This kind of situation may endanger life with massive hemorrhage at any time, just like the second report mentioned at the beginning of the article. The foreign body was not removed and after a period of time, it caused extensive and serious infection in the throat.

Both cases require surgical treatment.

Can children eat fish?

Children should try to avoid eating prickly fish.

    Children are not aware of the danger of fish bones or will not spit them. So it’s easy to get stuck. Once you get stuck on a fish bone, Children’s expression is not clear, and it is difficult to go to the hospital for examination and cooperation. These will lead to inconvenience in seeking medical treatment and increase the pain of children. If the fish bones of the card are deeper into the larynx and pharynx, they even need special children’s laryngoscope to take them out. Therefore, it is suggested that children must remove clean fish bones or choose to eat fish without thorns.

Fish is a good thing, delicious and nutritious. However, I still hope everyone can eat it but concentrate on it and try to pick out the thorns before eating.

Responsible Editor: Fei Fei