Are you the next victim of karoshi?

From time to time, I will hear news reports. Recently, so-and-so IT company, financial company, so-and-so hospital, Others fell to their posts, Sudden death. These elites, The age is generally concentrated in 30-50 years old, The dead often have too much work or too much psychological pressure one week before their death. We always sigh with emotion, They must be too tired, So much so that he died of overwork. In fact, Karoshi is a topic of great concern in the field of social medicine. This statement, It first appeared in Japan’s economic boom in the 1970s and 1980s. Its English name is Karoshi, Translated from Japanese, Let’s call it karoshi for the time being. Karoshi is often caused by Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, CFS), There are some underlying diseases, Such as cardiovascular diseases, kidney diseases, digestive tract diseases, It can be induced, promoted or exacerbated by fatigue. Eventually leading to sudden death. According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Because chronic fatigue syndrome is caused by a variety of reasons, Symptoms are complex, Nor can it be diagnosed by experimental results, Therefore, people with chronic fatigue syndrome, Only 20% can be diagnosed. Cases that have not been diagnosed and handled in time, People in what are prone to death from overwork, because the body is like a spring, and fatigue is an external force. When fatigue exceeds the limit or lasts for too long, the spring of the body will permanently deform or even break, leading to aging, exhaustion and even death. In short, people who are prone to overwork are at risk of [karoshi]: enterprising people, especially those who can be called [workaholics]; People who have inherited premature death and think they are healthy; Overtime workers; More night shifts and irregular working hours; Lack of sleep for a long time; Those who have high self-expectation and are prone to nervousness; People who have few leisure activities and hobbies; People engaged in IT work, etc. In the current situation of fierce competition and increasing work efficiency in the workplace, fatigue and stress seem inevitable. How to deal with the risk of karoshi? Strategy 1: Understand the risks. You don’t have to be afraid to take on challenging tasks because of your fear of karoshi. However, we must recognize and attach importance to the prevention and treatment of karoshi. Only in this way can tragedy be avoided. Strategy 2: It is known that everyone has experienced fatigue in his work and life. The fatigue involved in [karoshi] is not a transient fatigue state accidentally experienced. The main criteria are as follows: 1) Persistent or recurrent fatigue, lasting for more than 6 months; 2) According to the medical history, physical signs or laboratory examination results, various organic diseases causing chronic fatigue can be excluded. The physical sign standards include the following 4 items: 1) low fever, oral temperature 37.5 ℃ ~ 38 ℃; 2) Enlargement or tenderness of cervical lymph nodes that can be touched less than 2cm; 3) pharyngeal hyperemia, but no clear tonsil inflammation; 4) No other disease signs causing fatigue were found. There are 12 symptom standards: 1) fatigue that is not easy to relieve due to excessive physical or psychological load; 2) muscle weakness without definite reason; 3) Insomnia symptoms are common, dreaming or waking up early; 4) head swelling, dizziness or headache; 5) attention is not easy to concentrate and memory is impaired; 6) loss of appetite; 7) Shoulder and back discomfort, chest tightening, or low back pain, unlocated myalgia and arthralgia, no definite history of rheumatism or trauma; 8) Depression, anxiety or nervousness, fear; 9) Loss or loss of interest; 10) sexual dysfunction; 11) low heat; 12) dry throat, sore throat or throat constriction. If the above 2 main criteria, 2 sign criteria and 6 symptom criteria are met at the same time; Or have more than 8 simple symptom criteria cumulatively, It can be diagnosed as fatigue. When a person feels such severe fatigue, The following repair strategy needs to be started immediately. Strategy 3: Take the initiative to rest. If conditions permit, Try to work and rest according to your biological clock. Disorders in sleep rhythm can put people on great pressure. Fatigue is more likely to occur. Even if you need to work night shift, Also try to make the work and rest system stable, This is good for the body to adapt. Try to eat three meals a day, And to strengthen the nutrition of three meals, Optimize the diet structure, Avoid high-oil and high-salt diets, Also avoid overeating. Learn to take the initiative to rest. Don’t rest passively only when you are too tired to do it. Taking active rest can not only relax the body and mind, but also improve work efficiency. It is a way to get twice the result with half the effort. Specifically, there are the following ways: First, take time to rest for a while before important activities. For example, before taking exams, competitions, performances, hosting important meetings, long-distance travel, etc. You should take a rest first. Second, Ensure 8 hours of sleep every day, There should be a weekend break, Have fun with ease and pleasure, Lay a good foundation for the intense and busy work next week. Third, Make arrangements for the whole day, In addition to working, eating and sleeping, The number, time and manner of rest during the day should also be clearly defined, Unless necessary, Don’t change or cancel at will. Finally, Pay attention to and do a good job of rest in the workplace, Make full use of this short period of time to go outdoors, Sunbathe or take deep breaths, Or enjoy music, Let the body and mind relax. Strategy 4: According to the relevant information of regular medical examination, The five diseases directly contributing to [karoshi] are: Coronary artery disease, aortic aneurysm, valvular heart disease, cardiomyopathy and cerebral hemorrhage. To read this message in reverse is that active prevention and treatment of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases can reduce [karoshi]. Everyone needs to regularly check their blood pressure, blood lipid, blood sugar, Avoid being overweight and quit smoking. Even if there is no such situation, Everyone should also pay attention to health check-ups. Accurate grasp of their own health status can avoid undertaking work tasks that exceed their physical capacity. Early active treatment of diseases can prevent their health from deteriorating. Strategy 5: Active Exercise is coming into summer vacation soon. Don’t say to your boss: Boss, I want to take annual leave, OK? Try another way, forward this article to the circle of friends, and comment: Boss, I want to take annual leave from a certain day to a certain day, otherwise… no matter how busy I am at work, vacation still needs to be put on the agenda, right? Dr. Clove reminds you, If you want to maintain a lasting and vigorous energy, It is necessary to combine work and rest. Keep resting, We should also exercise regularly, To increase physical storage, Take a walk 4-5 times a week, 30 to 45 minute each time, Or do mild outdoor activities 3-4 times a week, 30 minute each time, It is necessary. Exercise can not only relieve fatigue but also strengthen the body. Kill two birds with one stone. Strategy 6: Keeping happy is not only that physical fatigue can lead to overwork, Psychological overwork-disappointment, anxiety, fear, depression, etc. can also deplete one’s energy. When a person feels annoyed, depressed, anxious, His blood pressure and oxidation will decrease, And when one’s mood is happy, The whole metabolism will improve, Immunity will also improve. At the same intensity of work, It is much easier to finish positive and happy than to finish reluctantly with negative dissatisfaction. Learn to enjoy the pleasure of work itself and overcome fatigue with refreshment. With the progress of society and science and technology, people’s pace of life is getting faster and faster, and the pressure of work is also increasing. Since there is no escape, we should face it positively, science is overworked, and we should stay away from [karoshi].