Beware of [salmonella] on a hot summer day.

At the open day held by the National Food Safety Risk Assessment Center in 2015, some experts pointed out that the number of food poisoning cases caused by salmonella in China is as high as 9 million every year. What is Salmonella, the ubiquitous culprit in life? Let’s unveil its horror layer by layer. One after another [Salmonella Incidents] Summer is the time for fresh fruits and vegetables to rush to the market. On the other side of the ocean in the United States, many people have [tripped] over eating raw tomatoes-according to statistics in 2013, hundreds of people in 30 states in the United States have been poisoned by eating fresh tomatoes imported from Mexico with salmonella. Eating raw tomatoes can also be poisoned, which makes many people very worried: how to prevent salmonella? As early as a few years ago, The U.S. Department of Agriculture recalled about 16,300 tons of frozen and fresh turkey meat products suspected to be contaminated with salmonella from the Springdale processing plant in Arkansas. This is also the largest recall of meat products in the country’s history. Similar incidents have emerged one after another in our country. The sensational Merlot chicken produced by Fujian Shengnong was found to contain salmonella. As a major purchaser, KFC, McDonald’s and Deckers lay down their guns again. Strong vitality, Cold-resistant and hot-resistant Salmonella can adapt to different temperature, humidity and pH environment, It can survive in water for 2-3 weeks, It can survive in feces for 1 ~ 2 months, They live longer in milk and meat, It can survive for 2-3 months even in bacon. The most suitable temperature for salmonella reproduction is 37 ℃, It can reproduce in large quantities above 20 ℃, Therefore, storing food at low temperature is an important measure to prevent Salmonella. However, Salmonella has poor heat tolerance, Immediately died at 100 ℃, At 70 DEG C for 5 minute, at 65 DEG C for 15-20 minutes and at 60 DEG C for 1 hour, Heating is also a good preventive measure. Salmonella is widely distributed in nature. Usually residing in the intestinal tract of humans or animals, It can pollute the environment and animal products through feces. In daily food materials, Eggs, poultry, meat products and aquatic products are the main hiding places for Salmonella. What discomfort, It means that after you may be exposed to salmonella, Infection mainly depends on the serotype of Salmonella and the physical condition of the eater. The most threatened are the elderly, children and immunocompromised people. Symptoms of food poisoning caused by Salmonella mainly include: Vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, fever, etc. The body temperature can rise above 38 ℃, Diarrhea can reach several to more than a dozen times a day, mainly watery stool. Salmonella infection is mild and generally improves after a few days without sequelae, but severe cases may suffer from spasm, dehydration, shock and other symptoms and even lead to death. Prevention, starting from changing daily living habits, does not drink untreated water, such as ponds, streams, lakes, polluted seawater, etc. Do not drink milk that has not been pasteurized (i.e. Raw milk). Do not eat raw meat or meat cooked without heating; Don’t eat raw eggs, It is very wrong to think that eating raw eggs is a big supplement. After defecation, changing diapers, touching pets, Before preparing food or eating, Wash your hands carefully. All kinds of raw meat should be regarded as food that may be contaminated. Fresh raw meat should be kept separate from other things, In order to prevent blood from seeping out and polluting other foods. After handling raw meat, Wash your hands before cooking other ingredients. After touching each kind of food, Be sure to wash the chopping board and kitchen knife carefully. So as not to contaminate other foods. When cooking meat in the microwave oven, To keep the meat at the same temperature inside and outside, It is usually above 74 ℃. Salmonella can be treated and treated. The treatment of Salmonella infection includes two aspects: That is, etiological treatment and symptomatic treatment. 1. Etiological treatment Etiological treatment is the use of antibiotics to control and eliminate germs. Attention must be paid to, At the beginning, the dosage of antibiotics should not be too large, such as a large number of bacteria death in a short period of time can lead to deterioration of the disease. 2. Symptomatic treatment symptomatic treatment, mainly to strengthen nursing. To reduce fever treatment, diet is mainly liquid, drink more water, pay attention to food hygiene, etc. Responsible editor: Haitang