When we are working hard abroad, health problems are what we have always cared about and cared about, and we all don’t like to go to the hospital to see a doctor because of a minor illness, thinking that we can get through it.
But in fact, there are some diseases that have symptoms at an early stage. If we ask more doctors, we can find the problems and treat them earlier.
Two typical cases
Case 1: Professor Wang is 55 years old this year. During the school physical examination last week, an important indicator [cup-to-plate ratio] increased during the fundus examination. It seems that there was such a problem during the physical examination a few years ago, but he did not pay attention to it because it did not affect the class.
This examination found that the intraocular pressure in both eyes was increased, and the visual field examination found a typical glaucoma visual field defect, which was diagnosed as glaucoma. The doctor prescribed several eye drops. Although the intraocular pressure was controlled, the visual field defect caused by glaucoma could never be recovered.
Case 2: 70-year-old Grandma Liu found that her right eye was red and swollen at the nasal root of the inner canthus and still suffered a little pain in the past two days. The doctor diagnosed acute dacryocystitis in the right eye after examination and needed eye drops and infusion.
Repeatedly asked her before what uncomfortable, she just said that in recent years the right eye has been particularly easy to shed tears, occasionally there will be pus flowing out of the canthus, he often went to buy eye drops, a little can feel better, so he never went to see a doctor. Doctors consider that her lacrimal passage may not work, and chronic dacryocystitis, this time is an acute attack of dacryocystitis.
How avoids repeating the mistakes of these two? It is best to understand some manifestations of eye discomfort. If what is found to be wrong, go to see a doctor in time.
Nine common eye warnings before illness
1. Vision decline
Vision is our greatest concern, and vision loss is also the most noticeable. But there are several different situations in detail:
(1) The eyes suddenly cannot see, but it will be fine in a while. It is especially important to remind that this kind of situation is easy to be ignored. This kind of situation can usually be recovered within one hour, and the time of vision loss ranges from a few seconds to several tens of minutes.
(2) Persistent vision loss, lasting for more than one day without vision recovery;
(3) Progressive painless visual impairment, with a long course of disease, from several months to several years, sometimes it is gradually felt that things are blurred;
(4) Can’t see clearly, accompanied by eye pain.
2. Object deformation or discoloration
Looking at the bending and deformation of things, the straight line is regarded as a curved line, resulting in distortion. Sometimes it is to see things darken, or red, yellow.
3. Floating objects or shadows in front of us
The small black shadows fluttering in front of us are of different shapes, such as dots, lines, mosquitoes, spider webs, etc., especially when looking at the bright white background. This is the famous [floaters].
Step 4: Flash
In front of me, I feel like lightning, or it may be a light spot or halo, with different durations.
Step 5: Eye pain
Frequent eye pain, including eye pain, orbital pain or pain around the eyes, etc. Even some people will feel nausea, headache and vomiting.
When looking at things, there is double image. Generally speaking, one thing is regarded as two. It is easy to step on the empty space and fall when walking stairs.
Sometimes only one eye has this kind of diplopia, covering will be good; Sometimes both eyes will have this problem, and seeing things will make people dizzy.
7. Foreign body sensation, dry eyes, burning sensation, etc.
I often want to rub my eyes with my hands, as if I were gray. Or keep trying to blink, feel dry and astringent eyes.
There is nothing sad about it, that is, tears are often shed, and even pus flows from the canthus sometimes.
9. Visual field defect
The field of vision is getting narrower and narrower, and even at the end of the day, I can only see what is directly in front of me, as if I could see what is through a pipe, and sometimes I would bump into what is next to me because I can’t see it.
Possible ophthalmic and medical diseases
The above list is only some of the most common symptoms. Some symptoms may be a natural change after getting older. Some symptoms may not seem serious, but they may hide the risk of major diseases.
1. Common ophthalmic diseases of middle-aged and elderly people
Many eye diseases have more than one symptom, of course, the same disease also has different symptoms.
Common diseases include presbyopia, cataract, glaucoma, vitreous hemorrhage, macular degeneration, retinal angiopathy, retinal detachment, dry eye, pterygium, keratitis, trichiasis, dacryocystitis, etc.
Doctors usually give patients several examinations to determine whether it is a what problem according to their medical history and preliminary examination results in the clinic.
2. Internal diseases manifest themselves in the eyes.
Many internal medicine problems will also make patients feel that their eyes are not good first, so they should be more careful at this time.
Including some brain problems, tumors, minor strokes, etc. Diabetic retinopathy; Hypertension, Sjogren’s syndrome, thyroid-related ophthalmopathy, etc.
If the ophthalmologist suspects that there is a problem in this respect, he will also invite the physician to consult or invite the patient to go further to the internal medicine department to treat the original disease.
Therefore, once similar symptoms occur, please see a doctor as soon as possible. Early and timely treatment will relieve the symptoms and improve the quality of life.
Editor: Fei Fei
Author: Shen Xuzhong