Common Discomfort in Early Pregnancy and Its Causes

During pregnancy, you will encounter various discomforts, some of which are fleeting, some of which are persistent, some of which appear in the first few weeks of pregnancy, some of which only appear in the near delivery, and some of which appear early, disappear immediately and then reappear.

Every woman’s feelings during pregnancy are different, so every pregnant woman will experience all the pregnancy changes mentioned in this article. If you notice any changes in your body that worry you, you are advised to see a doctor in time.

The following list is a few common normal reactions in early pregnancy.


Fatigue often occurs in the first three months of pregnancy, which may be due to the fact that the growth and development of the fetus require more energy, the circulatory system of the pregnant woman is changing, and the body is not well adapted to this change in the early stage of pregnancy.

Fatigue may also be a manifestation of anemia, especially for pregnant women with severe early pregnancy reaction. If fatigue, weakness, dizziness, even pale face and other conditions often occur, they must go to the hospital for examination, find anemia at an early stage, and supplement iron under the guidance of doctors.

How to deal with:

    Pregnant women with anemia should supplement iron and related vitamins under the guidance of doctors. Keep regular work and rest as much as possible and have full rest. Avoid heavy physical labor and work, pay attention to the combination of work and rest; Reasonable diet and moderate exercise every day.


Headache can occur at any time during pregnancy. It may be caused by tension, hormone changes or congestion of blood vessels in the head and face, but severe, persistent and unrelieved headache may be the manifestation of hypertensive disorder complicating pregnancy.

How to deal with:

    Some pregnant women found that ice on the forehead and neck and back can relieve some symptoms. You can also communicate with others and learn from their experiences. Learning meditation, yoga, etc. Breathing adjustment in these activities also helps relieve headache. Pay attention to sitting posture, choose the right pillow when sleeping, relax back, neck and shoulders; Blood pressure is monitored during pregnancy, and severe headache with persistent and non-remission occurs, especially when vision changes occur, you must seek medical treatment in time.

Pregnancy vomiting

Pregnancy vomiting is the most common reaction, which often occurs in the first trimester of pregnancy and is related to hormone changes in the body and personal constitution. This is a very normal reaction.

Pregnancy vomiting is more obvious in the morning, also known as morning vomiting, which is generally relieved in the 4th month of pregnancy.

How to deal with:

    Pregnancy vomiting is more likely to occur when you have a full meal, so eating less and eating more is a more appropriate choice. Eat slowly, chew slowly, and feel a little hungry. When you can eat, you can supplement some high-energy snacks, such as bananas and energy bars. Some pregnant women found that ginger and mint can relieve nausea, but others could not bear the taste of ginger. You can drink some fresh fruit juice, such as apple juice or grape juice, to supplement energy. Avoid smelling some unbearable smells before or after meals; Eat less fried, greasy food and slightly cooler food may be more comfortable than warm food. Don’t pay too much attention to your nutrition balance. If you can eat what, you can eat more. Severe vomiting may lead to electrolyte disorders such as dehydration and low potassium, so when vomiting occurs frequently, it should not be carried hard and should be handled in a timely manner in a hospital.

Gingival swelling and bleeding

During pregnancy, the increase of circulating blood and hormone changes in the body will cause gingival swelling and pain, and some pregnant women will even have gingival bleeding.

How to deal with:

    Carry out a comprehensive oral examination when preparing for pregnancy, and deal with oral problems in time before pregnancy; Pay attention to oral hygiene during pregnancy, clean oral cavity in time after meals, brush teeth regularly and floss every day. If gingival hemorrhage is found, go to the dental department in time and deal with it in time.

An uncomfortable nose

During pregnancy, the nose will be congested, and pregnant women may feel that the nose is not ventilated. When the air is dry, nosebleeds are more likely to flow.

How to deal with:

    Use humidifiers to increase air humidity; Replenish more liquid; Take a hot bath; Do not use any nose spray or drops unless recommended by the doctor. If nose hemorrhage occurs frequently, go to the hospital for examination in time to eliminate thrombocytopenia or coagulation dysfunction.

Breast changes

Breasts are greatly affected by pregnancy, Especially in the first and last months of pregnancy, many people will also feel slight breast pain. In order to prepare for lactation, the volume of the breast during pregnancy will become larger, the color of the areola and nipple will deepen, and small nodules will appear on the areola. In the third trimester of pregnancy, the nipple may have yellowish liquid outflow, which is normal.

How to deal with:

    Choose a bra of the right size. Ensure that the bra will not squeeze onto the breast or irritate the nipples. You can choose a special bra for pregnant women or a breast-feeding bra. Choose cotton or natural fiber bras in the third trimester of pregnancy, If there is liquid flowing out of the nipple, you can fill the cup with a cotton handkerchief or cotton pad to absorb the liquid spilling from the breast, or you can choose a disposable anti-spilling mat. Use warm water and bath products to clean the breast, and you can properly use moisturizer or special nipple cream to avoid causing breast dryness.

Frequency of urination

The increasing uterus and fetus compress the bladder, causing expectant mothers to want to urinate frequently in the first three months of pregnancy. In the second trimester of pregnancy, the uterus continues to increase and rises to the abdominal cavity, reducing the compression on the rectum and bladder and relieving the frequency of urination. During the 7th to 9th months of pregnancy, the fetus’s head enters the basin, which may lead to a comeback of this phenomenon.

How to deal with:

    Do not wear tight underwear, trousers or pantyhose; Don’t worry about always going to the toilet and drinking less water. Don’t hold your urine, because holding your urine may cause urinary tract infection. If you have burning sensation or tingling sensation when urinating, and the frequency of urination is aggravating, you should go to the hospital for examination and treatment in time.

Vaginal fluid

During pregnancy, vaginal secretions increase due to increased blood supply and hormone changes. Normal vaginal discharge is white or transparent, non-irritating, tasteless, and looks white or yellowish after drying on underpants.

How to deal with:

    Choose cotton underwear or natural fiber underwear brand; Change underwear frequently, clean it in time, dry or dry it thoroughly in the sun, and do not dry underwear in the shade in the bathroom. Scrub perineum with clear water every day; Do not flush the vagina at will. If burning sensation, pruritus, irritation, swelling, malodor, bloody secretions, or yellow and green secretions occur, they may be symptoms of vaginitis, and timely medical treatment is required to prevent vaginal infection from affecting fetal health.

Responsible Editor: Zhang Jingyuan

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