Diabetes | How to Self-Test the Risk of Diabetic Foot

Who is prone to diabetic foot

Diabetic friends may as well do a self-test, The more they match, The more we should be alert to the occurrence of diabetic foot. The history of diabetes is very long. The control of blood sugar is always not very good. Doctors diagnose diabetes, peripheral neuropathy, atherosclerosis, diabetic retinopathy, diabetic kidney damage, bone deformity of feet, often wearing inappropriate shoes and suddenly interrupting the treatment of diabetic feet. If there are more than 5 items in male patients with long cocoons, Then, the greater the risk of diabetic foot for diabetic patients. If you only have one match, Don’t think you have no possibility of getting sick, If you don’t pay attention, There is still a risk of [getting involved in] diabetic foot. If diabetic foot has already occurred, It is very likely that other parts of the whole body’s blood vessels have also been affected. Diabetic foot is easy to prevent and difficult to treat, and the treatment methods are very limited. Sometimes amputations are required. In order to avoid falling into such a dilemma, diabetic patients must pay attention to foot care. How to prevent the occurrence of diabetic foot? To prevent diabetic foot, The first thing to pay attention to is still to achieve good control of blood sugar. And daily foot care also occupies an important position. The key to foot care is to pay attention to avoid foot injury. To prevent secondary infection with diabetes patients should pay attention to the appropriate shoes and socks, Not too tight, hard should check whether there is gravel, foreign bodies, toenail scraps, etc. in the shoes every day, Whether the insole is flat or not, the shoe size should fit, Don’t wear new shoes too long, Don’t walk long distances right away, So as not to grind your feet, Do not wear slippers in case of foot injury, In order to avoid friction damage between thumb and index finger of the foot, clean the foot with warm water every night. It is not appropriate to choose overheated water to avoid scalding. When washing feet every night, check whether there are blisters, scratches or skin lesions between feet and toes. If there are any, timely diagnosis and treatment should be made. In addition, diabetic patients should pay attention to the improvement of living habits and give up smoking and drinking, because they can aggravate the condition of diabetes and accelerate atherosclerosis. How to treat diabetic foot? There is a major premise for treatment: The patient’s blood sugar must be well controlled. Otherwise, All treatments are just empty shelves. While controlling blood sugar, Patients with diabetic foot can try some treatment methods. The cause of foot disease, Nothing more than vascular damage or nerve damage. 1. First determine whether the blood vessels in the foot have atherosclerosis, Is there any stenosis or occlusion? If found, Vasodilators, antiplatelet or antithrombotic drugs can be used for treatment. If drug therapy does not work, New blood vessels may need to be transplanted, Angioplasty such as bypass grafting should be carried out. 2. Antibiotics should be used in time for anti-infection treatment when foot lesions fester. If the ulcer is serious, Even when necrosis is caused, surgical intervention becomes the main point of treatment. 3. If the infection is difficult to control and the necrotic tissue continues to develop, doctors may usually take amputation or amputation when necessary in order to preserve the leg function of patients and prevent the spread of infection.