This is a question about [medicine, medicine, chick trouble, family preparation of a set of medicine]. Many friends have been asking which commonly used drugs should be prepared by the family for a rainy day. Today Dr. Clove will give you a list.
For the regular medicine for the family, we have to make three rules first:
Don’t prepare too many drugs: after all, drugs are not used for taking drugs, and they will expire after being put on for a long time. Appropriate amount is enough.
Look closely at the instructions: If you dare to estimate the dosage for yourself at will, the medicine will dare to estimate the health value for you at will.
No, I can’t go to the hospital: I prefer to eat out rather than eat at home, so why not go to the hospital and cook at home?……
Well, I will give you a list of commonly used drugs to prepare according to the order of common family diseases. Most of the following drugs are over-the-counter drugs and can be bought in major regular pharmacies.
1. Cold medicine
A cold is usually recommended to drink more water and rest more. It is not necessary to need drugs to help you through the course of the disease for about a week. If the symptoms are obvious, drugs can also be used to help relieve discomfort.
At present, the compound cold medicine sold on the market will contain a variety of ingredients to fight runny nose, headache, fever, cough, etc. As for how to choose cold medicine, it must be based on the symptoms:
- Nasal obstruction, runny nose and sneezing: drugs containing [chlorphenamine] and [pseudoephedrine] can be selected; Cough: Drugs containing [codeine] and [dextromethorphan] can be selected; Fever: If you are so hot that you feel uncomfortable, accompanied by headache, dizziness and muscle soreness, you can choose [acetaminophen] [ibuprofen]; If you have all the above symptoms, you can take a compound cold medicine containing [Amametamine Tablets].
Although a cold is a viral infection, do not choose compound cold drugs containing [antiviral ingredients]. Except for special types of influenza, antiviral treatment is of no value to colds. In addition, if the symptoms are single, try to choose drugs with a single effective ingredient (refer to the following introduction). Do not give children compound cold drugs.
2. Medicine for relieve nasal obstruction and runny nose
Children and adults use it differently.
For infants under 6 months old, they can be directly given injection-grade normal saline, that is, 0.9% sodium chloride. Use a small dropper to suck a little and drop it into the baby’s nasal cavity, which can moisten the nasal cavity.
For infants over 6 months old, it is recommended to use the special [physiological seawater nasal spray] for children. The oldest children can use the nasal washing bottle to wash their nose.
Adults can relieve nasal congestion, in addition to basic nasal washing and nasal cleaning, also can use [oxymethazoline nasal spray]. It can relieve the symptoms of nasal mucosa congestion. Most of the time nasal congestion is caused by nasal mucosa congestion, reducing congestion symptoms can relieve nasal congestion.
[Hydroxymethazoline Nasal Spray] Use it up to twice a day, and use it continuously for no more than 3 days as far as possible, because with the increase of use time, it will have rebound effect, making nasal congestion symptoms more serious.
3. Antipyretic and analgesic drugs
Acetaminophen and ibuprofen are usually recommended as antipyretic and analgesic drugs.
In addition to the antipyretic effect, these two drugs are also commonly used analgesic drugs, which can be used to relieve headache, toothache, dysmenorrhea and many other pain symptoms. Ibuprofen also has anti-inflammatory effect.
[Ibuprofen] has a stimulating effect on gastrointestinal tract and cannot be used by patients with gastric ulcer. [Acetaminophen] Patients with liver diseases should also use it cautiously.
The medicine in the family medicine cabinet should be stored separately from the dosage forms for children and adults. Like [ibuprofen] and [acetaminophen], adults use tablets or capsules, while children use drops or suspensions.
As the children’s dosage forms of these two drugs taste very good and the baby likes to drink them, parents should put the drugs out of the baby’s reach to prevent the baby from eating them by mistake.
Analgin, analgesic tablets and other antipyretic and analgesic drugs have been eliminated early due to side effects, so it is not recommended to reserve them.
4. Diarrhea medication
For diarrhea, [Oral Rehydration Salt III] and [Microecological Regulator] are recommended.
Diarrhea, the most afraid is dehydration, so diarrhea should be timely supplement electrolyte and water, should always have oral rehydration salt III, children diarrhea need to drink.
In addition, acute diarrhea is mostly viral gastrointestinal tract infection, and some probiotic preparations also have auxiliary effects when applied at this time, which may help relieve symptoms, such as Saccharomyces brachii, Rhamnobacterium, etc.
Diarrhea is frequent, accompanied by fever, pus and blood stool, etc., you can’t just take oral rehydration salt, go to see a doctor as soon as possible.
If vomiting is serious and you cannot enter the water or have no urine, you should also see a doctor immediately and cannot buy strong antidiarrheal to take it yourself!
The principle of powerful antidiarrheal is to inhibit intestinal reaction and slow down intestinal peristalsis. In other words, after taking powerful antidiarrheal, viruses or bacteria cannot be discharged, which is not good.
However, some antidiarrheal drugs with adhesive properties can still be used, such as [montmorillonite powder].
5. Constipation Drugs
External use [Kaisailu], internal use [lactulose].
The active ingredient of Kaisailu is glycerin, which belongs to stimulating laxative. It is administered through anus insertion. The drug lubricates the intestinal tract and stimulates the intestinal tract to carry out defecation reflex, thus stimulating intestinal peristalsis and defecation.
Kaiselu is relatively safe for short-term use, and children’s long-term use is likely to lead to drug dependence and form the habit of refusing to defecate without strong stimulation.
For chronic constipation, besides Kaisailu, lactulose, a safe osmotic laxative, can also be selected.
Don’t mistake [Kaisailu] for simply using it as a lubricant. The reason is to read the above passage again.
6. Stomach medicine
Occasionally indigestion is very common, and it is inevitable that there will be some abdominal pain, abdominal distension and acid regurgitation. Under normal circumstances, we can choose [hydrotalcite] or [omeprazole] to relieve the symptoms, and a temporary intake can relieve the discomfort quickly.
If it is stomachache for an unknown reason, you can’t use drugs indiscriminately. You must go to the hospital.
7. Eye Drops
It is recommended to select [erythromycin eye ointment] and [artificial tear].
There are yellow secretions in the eyes. Erythromycin eye ointment can be used when bacterial infection is suspected. Erythromycin eye ointment is an over-the-counter antibiotic ointment and can be bought in pharmacies without a prescription.
Artificial tears can be used to relieve eye fatigue and eye dryness caused by watching too much TV, computer and mobile phone.
The [polyvinyl alcohol eye drops] and [sodium carboxymethyl cellulose eye drops] sold in pharmacies belong to artificial tear eye drops.
Again, read the instructions before use.
8. Trauma care
In case of minor falls and bruises, alcohol disinfection is not recommended.
- Because alcohol is irritating, it will make the wound very painful. Alcohol is also not conducive to wound recovery.
It is usually recommended to wash away the stains on the wound with clear water or normal saline. If the wound has bleeding, you can use cotton swabs dipped in iodophor to wipe it, so you can keep iodophor in the family medicine cabinet. Now there are disposable sealed iodophor cotton swabs.
At present, some elderly people still use mercurochrome and mercurochrome to treat trauma. In fact, these two drugs are currently banned internationally.
- Mercurochrome contains mercurochrome, which is toxic and can be absorbed by the human body through broken wounds. Mercurochrome is composed of gentian violet, which has weak bactericidal effect and will leave spots on the wound.
Some people say that iodine is used (not iodophor! ), but iodine contains alcohol, scratches will still hurt, can not use it.
9. Contraceptive pills
If you are not ready to be a father/mother and do not take protective measures, contraceptives are necessary.
Contraceptive pills [short-acting contraceptives] and [emergency contraceptives] are recommended.
[Short-acting contraceptive pill] can not only help you to effectively use contraception, but also has a place to improve dysmenorrhea and treat acne.
Emergency contraception is a remedy for the failure of conventional contraceptive methods. It is best to take it within 72 hours after the event.
[Short-acting Contraceptive] Generally, one pill is taken orally every day for 21 consecutive days as a cycle. After missing the pill, it needs to be supplemented.
The disadvantage of [emergency contraception] is that the contraceptive failure rate is high, which is only suitable for [emergency situations] and cannot be used for routine contraception.
In addition, thermometers, cotton swabs and other auxiliary equipment should also be prepared. [Double Eleven] is coming, so don’t patronize and buy things, and don’t forget family medication.