Many patients with chronic cholecystitis will ask [how should I eat? The answer was basically a simple [light diet].
How about a light diet?
First of all, let’s understand that what is cholecystitis.
How did cholecystitis come from?
Gallbladder is a cystic structure, its main function is to store bile, and the main function of bile is to digest fat. When stimulated by food, especially greasy food, the gallbladder will contract and expel bile to digest food.
Acute cholecystitis recurrent attacks, or cholecystolithiasis for a long time, can lead to abnormal gallbladder function, causing chronic cholecystitis. Chronic cholecystitis is divided into chronic calculous cholecystitis and chronic acalculous cholecystitis, of which chronic calculous cholecystitis is more common.
1. Chronic calculous cholecystitis
If the gallbladder contraction function is abnormal, it is easy to lead to bile discharge is not smooth to form stones. The existence of gallbladder stones will aggravate bile discharge is not smooth. The bile in the gallbladder accumulates more and more, and the pressure of the gallbladder becomes greater and greater, plus the repeated friction of stones on the gallbladder wall, the gallbladder wall will appear inflammation.
2. Chronic acalculous cholecystitis
There are no bacteria in normal bile. When the gallbladder is obstructed and bile is not discharged smoothly, bacteria in the intestinal tract may enter the gallbladder and cause inflammation of the gallbladder. If the pressure in the gallbladder increases sharply or bacteria multiply in large quantities, acute cholecystitis will occur.
In addition, gallbladder ischemia (systemic diseases, use of vasoconstrictor drugs) and improper diet (large intake of greasy food, overeating, excessive diet) can also cause gallbladder dysfunction and induce chronic cholecystitis.
Is it not feasible not to eat fat?
After understanding the cause of cholecystitis, some patients understand it as [eating fat = excreting bile = inducing cholecystitis attack], so they will eat fat-free diet such as [boiling cabbage with clear water].
This is actually wrong!
Although high-fat diet can obviously stimulate gallbladder contraction and aggravate abdominal pain, eating fat in an appropriate amount at ordinary times will not induce or aggravate cholecystitis. On the contrary, appropriate amount of fat intake will stimulate the normal contraction of the gallbladder, make the bile in the gallbladder empty in time, reduce bile stasis, avoid the formation of gallstones and aggravate cholecystitis.
In addition, fat is also one of the necessary nutrients for human body. Lack of fat intake will gradually lead to fatigue, memory decline, immunity decline, coagulation dysfunction and other manifestations.
If patients with chronic cholecystitis induce acute attack of cholecystitis due to improper diet, tiredness, bacterial infection and other reasons, and have obvious abdominal pain, fever and even yellowing skin and other symptoms, they should go to the hospital in time for treatment.
How should patients with chronic cholecystitis eat?
1. Proper amount of protein
Proper amount of protein can promote gallbladder contraction, which is conducive to bile excretion and disease recovery.
The protein requirements of patients with chronic cholecystitis are equivalent to or slightly higher than those of normal people, and the recommended daily protein intake is 80 ~ 100g g.
2. Less fat and cholesterol intake
The more fat and cholesterol, the easier it is to stimulate gallbladder contraction and aggravate abdominal pain. Moreover, fat and cholesterol will make bile sticky and easier to form stones.
The daily fat intake should be controlled at 40 ~ 50 g, and the cholesterol intake should be less than 300 mg per day.
3. Eat more fresh vegetables and fruits and supplement dietary fiber.
Vegetables and fruits rich in dietary fiber can not only supplement vitamins, but also reduce the formation of gallstones, reduce cholesterol absorption and relieve the symptoms of cholecystitis.
4. Increase the amount of drinking water in an appropriate amount.
Drinking more water can dilute bile, promote bile discharge and reduce the chance of gallstone formation.
Step 5: Cook properly
Boiling, steaming, stewing, braising and other methods should be adopted to reduce cooking methods such as frying, frying and baking.
Cooking oil is vegetable oil, such as peanut oil, corn oil, sunflower seed oil, olive oil, etc.
Eat less and eat more, regularly and quantitatively, avoid overeating, quit smoking and drinking.
Common Dietary Problems in Chronic Cholecystitis
1. Which foods should be eaten less?
- Foods with high fat and cholesterol, such as fat meat, egg yolk, crab roe, animal viscera, etc. Spicy or irritating foods and seasonings, such as chili, prickly ash, mustard, curry, etc. Fried and puffed foods. Wine, strong tea and coffee.
Can eggs, milk and lean meat be eaten?
The protein in an egg is about 7 g, the protein in a box of 250 mL milk is about 7.5 g, and the protein in a pair of lean meat is about 5 g. Therefore, according to the requirements of chronic cholecystitis, the daily protein supply is 80 ~ 100 g. In fact, patients with chronic cholecystitis can eat more protein like ordinary people or even more than ordinary people.
However, it should be reminded here that ordinary foods such as rice and flour also contain protein, so cholecystitis patients cannot try their best to supplement protein and increase the burden on intestines and stomach.
However, there is another problem in eggs: cholesterol.
An egg contains about 200 mg of cholesterol, while the cholesterol intake of patients with chronic cholecystitis is limited to less than 300 mg, so the daily intake of an egg is no problem for most people. However, if an egg is eaten, it will cause abdominal pain, so it is recommended to eat less.
Can oil be put into stir-frying?
At ordinary times, the vegetable oil we use is lighter than water, so 1 mL of vegetable oil also contains 0.9 ~ 1 g of fat. The daily fat intake of patients with chronic cholecystitis is controlled at 40 ~ 50 g, therefore, it is obviously wrong for cholecystitis not to eat oil!
You can put oil in stir-frying, but you should pay attention to putting less oil, and pay attention to the average distribution to three meals, to avoid a single intake of too much fat, inducing acute attack of cholecystitis.