Heatstroke, what should I do?

Did what show heatstroke?

Heatstroke can be generally divided into three grades according to the severity of symptoms:

  1. Threatened heatstroke: Vertigo, trance, feeling a bit like the experience of suddenly standing up after squatting for a long time. At the same time, muscle cramps and accompanying pain may also occur.

  2. Mild heatstroke: severe headache, nausea, vomiting, flushing complexion, sweating like rain, tiredness, weakness and other symptoms, even mild consciousness disorder, facial expression always seems to feel something is wrong, some strange.

  3. Severe heatstroke: In addition to the more serious symptoms of mild heatstroke, there will also be consciousness disorders, convulsions and convulsions, and hand and foot movement disorders. Explosive high fever with body temperature as high as 40 ℃ or above may also occur.

How to do heatstroke?

According to the above different heatstroke symptoms, the treatment measures are as follows:

  1. Threatened heatstroke: Immediately transfer to a shade (such as shade) to rest, preferably in a cool, ventilated, cold air-conditioned indoor environment. At the same time, supplement a proper amount of water (be careful not to binge drinking). Salt soda is a good choice. It is best to have someone to accompany you in case of emergency and need to be sent to the hospital.

  2. Mild heatstroke: transfer to a cool place or a ventilated and cool room, and replenish water appropriately; If there is a mild disturbance of consciousness, others should immediately take it to the hospital.

  3. Severe heatstroke (heat stroke): An ambulance must be called immediately and rushed to the hospital for rescue. Before waiting for the ambulance to arrive, the patient’s body temperature should be reduced to normal body temperature as soon as possible. At this time, it is best to do the following things:

Try to transfer it to a shade with good ventilation, with the indoor environment with cold air conditioning on as the best.

Take off the patient’s clothes as much as possible to help his body dissipate heat quickly. Special attention should be paid to loosening the tight parts of the dress, such as ties or belts. Underwear should be loosened to improve ventilation.

After taking off your clothes, sprinkle some water on the bare skin appropriately, wipe the skin, and then use an electric fan or even a hand fan to cool it down.

If ice bags can be found at the scene (or replaced by iced mineral water), wrap the ice bags with towels or clothes to avoid direct contact with the skin, and then place them on the patient’s forehead, back of head, chest, elbow socket and thigh root respectively to quickly cool the subcutaneous blood in these parts.

How to prevent heatstroke?

1. Take appropriate measures to prevent heatstroke and cool down

Don’t turn on the air conditioner in order to save electricity, but don’t adjust the temperature of the air conditioner to too low (not lower than 24 ℃). Don’t blow directly at people at the air outlet of the air conditioner. You can put a small electric fan on the floor to promote indoor air convection.

2. Constantly remind yourself to replenish water

Drink less and more at a time. Don’t wait until you are thirsty.

When work and exercise cause a lot of sweat, you can consider drinking salt soda or other sports drinks, but don’t drink too much at once.