Does the picture on the topic look horrible?
The protruding veins standing out on the legs like earthworms are what is called varicose veins in medicine. It is most common in the legs.
Many middle-aged and old friends have to face this problem more or less. Varicose veins are a progressive disease, which means that once they suffer from it, they will become more and more serious. Usually in the late stage, they will be accompanied by some serious symptoms, such as dark skin color and varicose vein rupture and hemorrhage. When serious, it will cause mobility inconvenience and affect people’s quality of life.
What people are prone to varicose veins?
- Heredity: Varicose veins are mostly hereditary, If a family member suffers from varicose veins, the chances of other members will also be greatly increased. Occupation-related: It is especially common in some occupations that require long-term standing, such as teachers, salespeople and waiters. Related to weight changes: obesity and pregnancy are all risk factors for varicose veins. Age-related: the older the person, the more sick the person.
What are the manifestations of varicose veins?
Fig. A shows the normal condition, and Fig. B ~ H show the manifestations of more and more serious venous diseases of lower limbs.
Figure B shows telangiectasia, while Figure C shows the real varicose veins, which are twisted and dilated superficial subcutaneous veins. Note that we place special emphasis on [superficial varicose veins] here, because this is what we can observe with the naked eye.
Specific manifestations of varicose veins include:
Swelling, pain and discomfort: The legs feel heavy, weak, itchy, and even worse, distending, pain and discomfort. These symptoms will be obviously relieved after a day’s sleep, but will be obviously aggravated in the afternoon or after standing or walking for a long time.
Obvious swelling: As shown in Figure D, one leg is obviously swollen. If the varicose veins are not so obvious, but the swelling is especially obvious, it is recommended to actively seek medical treatment, because it is likely to indicate that there is some problem with your deep vein.
Skin changes: This is a relatively serious manifestation. Please refer to Figures E, F, G and H. The skin of the lower third of the lower leg has obvious color changes and even becomes rough. Or there is ulcer formation, or ulcer repeated non-healing. The repeated non-healing of ulcer is what we often say [old rotten legs], without formal treatment [old rotten legs] is only a palliative. When skin color changes, it often indicates that symptoms begin to worsen.
Here is a special reminder that if swelling occurs suddenly, it is likely to be deep vein thrombosis, requiring emergency treatment!
How is varicose veins formed?
There are many one-way open [gates] in our leg veins, which we call venous valves.
Under normal circumstances, these valves allow venous blood to flow all the way up from our legs to our heart even when we are standing. If these valves fail, it is like a door that cannot be closed always leaks air.
Blood regurgitates due to gravity and accumulates in the legs, causing venous hypertension, calf soreness, occasional cramps and other symptoms. In the long run, the veins in our legs will become more fragile, dilated and twisted due to excessive pressure.
What should I do if I get varicose veins?
- Mild symptoms: bed rest and leg elevation moderate: drug therapy and special elastic socks physical therapy severe: surgery
What needs to be made clear is that once the varicose superficial vein has been formed, the change is irreversible. Non-surgical methods can only temporarily relieve symptoms and delay the progress of the disease.
Surgeons will [remove] the veins of these lesions through surgery. Common surgical treatments include endovascular laser therapy, local injection of sclerosing agent, venous stripping, etc.
Once diagnosed as varicose veins, they should be actively treated and allowed to develop. As a result, they will only bring more pain to themselves.
Many people think that varicose veins are not uncomfortable or have mild symptoms, so they don’t pay much attention to them and think that they only affect the appearance. In fact, this view is wrong. Varicose veins are a symptom, which may be caused by some serious diseases.
Therefore, if you find that your symptoms are gradually worsening, it is best to go to the hospital-minor illness is incurable, serious illness suffers hardship.
Responsible Editor: Cat Capricorn