< < Fuck off! Tumor Jun > > is a film with great influence. Xiong Dun, the heroine suffering from lymphoma, tells us with her positive optimism that in the process of fighting against tumor, there are not only helplessness and tears.
If, because of Xiong Dun’s story, the public can attach importance to tumor screening, actively do a good job in prevention, and do not give [tumor Jun] the chance to approach from the beginning, it will also help Xiong Dun realize his wish to let tumor Jun leave.
Everyone may encounter [tumor jun]
Everyone may confront the tumor head-on. In our life, DNA is unscrewed, replicated and resynthesized countless times, and once [errors] occur in this process, and the body fails to repair this [error] in time, it may encounter [tumor Jun].
Who is more likely to encounter [tumor Jun]?
[Tumor Jun] is a synonym for malignant proliferative tissue in vivo.
Tumors in different parts of the body are not only called differently, but also have different distances from various groups.
The following is a list of the characteristics of the vulnerable population of various tumors:
Lymphoma is Xiong Dun’s powerful opponent. Although it is difficult to say the cause of each lymphoma patient, with these characteristics, lymphoma is likely to come:
- Epstein-Barr virus infection; Long-term exposure to benzene; Immunity decline; Obesity and bad eating habits.
Between 40 and 50 years old, the smoking index (number of cigarettes per day X number of years of smoking) is more than 400.
Infected with Helicobacter pylori, suffering from gastric ulcer, gastric polyp, chronic atrophic gastritis, family history of gastric cancer, high salt diet, smoking and drinking.
Over 40 years old, history of chronic liver diseases such as hepatitis B and hepatitis C, family history of long-term alcoholism, severe fatty liver and liver cancer.
30 ~ 65 years old, positive EB virus antibody, unprovoked abnormal mass in neck, family history of nasopharyngeal carcinoma.
In our country, there is a trend of rejuvenation. BRCA-1 and BRCA-2 gene mutations have been carried out. They have undergone chest radiotherapy and have a family history of breast cancer.
40 ~ 74 years old, family history of inflammatory bowel disease, intestinal polyp and colorectal cancer.
It should be emphasized that it is not only those with these characteristics who will get tumors, but they are more likely to get cancer than others.
How to find out the hidden [tumor jun]?
[tumor jun] very cunning. At first, in order not to be caught, not to be destroyed, it will not make people feel particularly uncomfortable, hidden well. By the time it is found, it often has lost the chance to eradicate it completely.
Therefore, in order to catch it when it can be cured, according to the recommendations of the American Cancer Society (ACS) in 2015, we should do these tests well with the increase of age:
Breast cancer (female)
20-30 years old (female)
Breast physical examination (once every 3 years)
40 years and over (female)
- Breast physical examination (once a year) mammography examination (once a year)
50 years and over (all population)
Imaging examination (optional)
Every 5 years
- CT image of colon by barium enema
Every 10 years
Laboratory examination (once every 1 year)
Fecal occult blood test
If any of the above results is positive, colonoscopy needs to be completed to determine the reason. If conditions permit, colonoscopy should be selected regardless of the results of fecal occult blood test.
Cervical cancer (female)
- 21 ~ 29 years old (female): cervical smear (once every 3 years), if the result is abnormal, HPV test will be considered; 30 ~ 65 years old (female): cervical smear examination and HPV examination are preferred (once every 5 years), and cervical smear examination can also be performed only (once every 3 years); Over 65 years old (female): If cervical cancer examination is carried out regularly and the results are normal, the examination can be stopped at this age. However, if precancerous lesions of cervical cancer, i.e. Severe cervical intraepithelial neoplasia, have been suffered from before, no matter whether they are over 65 years old or not, regular cervical cancer examination should be carried out for 20 years from the date of diagnosis of the disease. Women who are not related to cervical cancer but have had their uterus and cervix removed: if they have no history of tumor and no precancerous lesions in the cervix, cervical cancer screening can no longer be carried out; Women who have been vaccinated against HPV: The screening method is consistent with that of women who have not been vaccinated.
If you have been infected with HIV or have undergone organ transplantation, you must inform the doctor of your personal medical history so as to formulate an individualized examination plan.
Endometrial cancer (female)
Women who are already menopausal should be alert to the risk of endometrial cancer.
If there is vaginal bleeding and body spots of unknown causes, the doctor should be informed in time.
For patients with a history of gynecological diseases in the past, doctors may advise her to complete an endometrial biopsy once a year.
Since the risk of lung cancer may be different for everyone even at the same age, here are only suggestions for health examination for those who smoke for a long time and are most likely to develop lung cancer:
- 55-74 years old; In good health; 30 packs of smoking history, and smoking or quitting smoking for less than 15 years.