Is what manifested when hypertension crisis occurs?
Hypertensive crisis refers to a sharp rise in blood pressure within 7 days, with blood pressure exceeding 230/120 mmHg or only diastolic blood pressure exceeding 120 mmHg.
Hypertension crisis often has the following manifestations:
(1) blood pressure exceeding 230/120 mmHg or only diastolic blood pressure exceeding 120 mmHg;
(2) Other discomfort: obvious dizziness, headache, nausea, vomiting, dysphoria, etc., can also occur can not see clearly, convulsions, unconsciousness.
When hypertension crisis occurs, if blood pressure cannot be controlled in time and effectively, it may lead to brain and kidney damage, even aortic dissection (a blood vessel of the body is torn), and in serious cases it may directly lead to death.
What should hypertension crisis do?
When symptoms such as dizziness, headache, inability to see clearly, nausea, vomiting, angina pectoris and the like suddenly occur, and the measured blood pressure exceeds 230/120 mmHg or only diastolic blood pressure exceeds 120 mmHg, the following treatment shall be followed:
(1) If you take antihypertensive drugs regularly, you can double your daily antihypertensive drugs on the same day and then go to the hospital immediately.
(2) If you don’t take antihypertensive drugs regularly, you should immediately take the antihypertensive drugs used on weekdays according to the normal amount, and then go to the hospital immediately;
(3) If you have never used antihypertensive drugs normally, you are not recommended to take antihypertensive drugs yourself, and you should go to the hospital immediately.
Avoid walking or running to the hospital. You should choose to take a bus and call 120 if necessary.
How to prevent hypertension crisis?
1. Top Priority-Monitor Blood Pressure Every Day
Get into the habit of self-measuring blood pressure every day. If convenient, it is best to measure it 3-4 times at a fixed time every day and record all the measured blood pressure, which is very critical for doctors to adjust the dosage and type of drugs.
2. Adhere to and take antihypertensive drugs regularly.
Avoid changing dressings, adding drugs, reducing drugs and stopping drugs at will. Drug adjustment must be made under the guidance of cardiologists.
3. Maintain good living habits
(1) Low salt, low fat and light diet.
(2) Go to bed early and get up early to avoid inducing factors such as staying up late, working overtime and drinking too much.
(3) Avoid cold stimulation and sudden changes in the environment.
(4) Avoid emotional excitement, excessive excitement and excessive sadness.