One year, our family of three went to Taiwan for a tour. On the night of arriving in Taipei, Daughter Jiajia’s allergic rhinitis has been committed, Snot and tears flow together, I rummaged through my suitcase and couldn’t find any antiallergic drugs. So I went to a pharmacy on the streets of Taipei in the middle of the night to buy medicine. After walking through several pharmacies, I couldn’t find any allergic drugs for children. The next day, I had to change my travel plan and took Jia Jia to Taipei’s hospital to see a doctor and buy drugs. Now that I think about it, I still remember the hard work of looking for drugs all over the street.
Now everyone has started the journey from south to north to return to their hometown for the New Year or to travel. I think it is necessary to remind everyone to prepare some commonly used drugs, because leaving the familiar living environment on weekdays, it is inevitable that there will be a headache, brain fever and stomach discomfort. When I go to an unfamiliar place or go back to a remote hometown, I feel uncomfortable in the middle of the night. It is too inconvenient to go to see a doctor and buy drugs, and I am still at ease with commonly used drugs.
Next, I would like to recommend some cheap and safe over-the-counter drugs to you. You can choose some to carry with you according to your physical condition and that of your family.
Cold is usually recommended to drink more water, rest more, rely on improving their immunity to deal with the virus. At present, the cold medicine sold on the market is basically to relieve runny nose, headache, fever, cough and other symptoms of the main medicine, the same, choose one can.
Chlorobenzene maleate or diphenhydramine contained in cold medicine can relieve symptoms such as runny nose, tears and sneezing. [Pseudoephedrine] Helps Relieve Nasal Obstruction; [Acetaminophen] helps relieve fever, headache, arthralgia and other symptoms; [Dextromethorphan] Helps relieve cough symptoms.
The following points should be paid attention to when selecting cold medicine:
1. Do not choose drugs containing [amantadine]
Foreign clinical evidence shows that cold virus is resistant to this component and cannot play an antiviral role.
2. Choose a single active ingredient
To relieve cold symptoms, try to take only one medicine, select drugs containing corresponding ingredients for symptoms, and try to use drugs containing a single effective ingredient when single effective ingredient can be selected. When multiple symptoms occur at the same time, cold drugs containing corresponding effective ingredient combinations should be selected for symptoms.
Step 3 Don’t repeat your medication
Different cold medicines containing the same effective ingredients must not be taken at the same time, which will lead to excessive poisoning of the same effective ingredients and similar ingredients.
4. Don’t give your child cold medicine casually.
As there is very little research on cold medicine in children, and many cases of poisoning by children taking cold medicine have been reported abroad, many developed countries such as Europe and the United States do not recommend children under 4 years old to take cold medicine at present, so I also do not recommend children under 4 years old to prepare cold medicine.
Antipyretic and analgesic medicine
[Acetaminophen] and [ibuprofen], in addition to reducing fever, can also be used to relieve headache, toothache, menstrual pain and other pain symptoms.
Ibuprofen also has anti-inflammatory effect and is also used to treat inflammation caused by rheumatism, sprain, etc. However, ibuprofen has stimulating effect on gastrointestinal tract and cannot be used by patients with gastric ulcer.
Tablets or capsules are selected for adults, and suspension drops or suspensions are selected for children. The well-known antipyretic and analgesic drugs such as analgin and analgesic tablets have been eliminated by foreign countries early due to side effects and are not recommended for storage.
Diarrhea drugs are recommended [Oral Rehydration Salt III] and [Microecological Regulator].
Diarrhea, the most afraid is dehydration, so diarrhea should be timely supplement electrolyte and water, should be accompanied by oral rehydration salt III, when necessary to drink.
In addition, in the process of diarrhea, intestinal probiotics will also be lost, so some microecological regulators can be appropriately supplemented during diarrhea, such as Peifeikang, Zhengchangsheng, Lizhuchangle, etc. It should be noted that this kind of drugs are usually required to be stored in the refrigerator.
Most of the time, antibiotics such as norfloxacin and norfloxacin are not required for diarrhea. Only when diarrhea occurs frequently and is accompanied by fever, pus and bloody stool, etc., do you need to see a doctor to prescribe antibiotics.
You can’t buy strong antidiarrheal to take when you have diarrhea, For example, loperamide hydrochloride is one of the powerful antidiarrheal drugs. You should know that diarrhea is one of the self-defense mechanisms of the human body. The process of diarrhea is the process of discharging bacteria or viruses that are unfavorable to human body, while powerful antidiarrheal drugs forcibly stop diarrhea by inhibiting intestinal reaction and slowing down intestinal peristalsis, so that viruses or bacteria cannot be discharged, but are not good.
Allergic drugs recommend [chlorpheniramine maleate] (also called chlorpheniramine) or [loratadine], which can be used for the treatment of allergic rhinitis, chronic urticaria, pruritus skin diseases and other allergic skin diseases.
The difference between the two drugs is that chlorphenamine maleate belongs to the first generation of antiallergic drugs, which will have a slightly stronger antipruritic effect, but the first generation of antihistamines has adverse reactions that make people sleepy and are suitable for taking before going to bed. The same generation of antiallergic drugs include diphenhydramine and cyproheptadine.
In order to alleviate the adverse reactions of the first generation, the second generation of antiallergic drug loratadine has been developed. In addition to the adverse reactions of no drowsiness, the second generation of antiallergic drugs also have long-term effects, usually only need to be taken once a day. Also belonging to the second generation of antiallergic drugs is cetirizine.
Chlorphenamine maleate is only available in adult tablets, while loratadine and cetirizine have syrup or drops for children in addition to adult tablets.
It is recommended to relieve constipation [Kaiselu] and [Bisarcoidine]. The active ingredient of Kaiselu is glycerin, It belongs to irritating laxative. It is administered through anus insertion. The drug lubricates the intestinal tract and stimulates the intestinal tract to carry out defecation reflex, thus stimulating intestinal peristalsis and defecation. Occasionally, it is relatively safe to use it. Long-term use is likely to lead to dependence on drugs and form the habit of refusing defecation without strong stimulation.
If you are not used to using Kaisailu for anal administration, you can also choose Bisacodine, an oral irritant laxative, which is safe for short-term use. Long-term use of irritant laxatives is easy to produce dose dependence. Once stopped, constipation symptoms will worsen, so long-term use is not recommended.
Eye drops are recommended for [erythromycin eye ointment] and [artificial tears].
There are yellow secretions in the eyes. Erythromycin eye ointment can be used when bacterial infection is suspected. Erythromycin eye ointment is an over-the-counter antibiotic ointment and can be bought in pharmacies without a prescription.
Artificial tears can be used to relieve eye fatigue and eye dryness caused by watching too much TV, computer and mobile phone. Polyvinyl alcohol eye drops and sodium carboxymethyl cellulose eye drops sold in pharmacies belong to artificial tear eye drops.
The drug for carsickness is recommended [tea diphenylhammine].
The following measures are usually preferred to prevent carsickness, including a light diet 24 hours before taking the bus and avoiding high-fat meals. Try to sit in the front seat of the car and see the direction of the car through the windshield. Lean your head on your seat and look straight ahead. Avoid reading books, newspapers or games. If necessary, you can take tephenamine 30 minutes before departure. If you are on a long-distance bus, you can take the medicine every 4 hours.
In addition to the above-mentioned commonly used drugs, it is best to prepare iodophor solution for external disinfection and sterilization, independently packaged aseptic cotton swabs and breathable band-aid. If there are children in the home, remember to carry thermometers and children’s dosing devices with you.
Be prepared for danger, but I sincerely hope that even if you bring some medicine, you won’t need it and have a healthy and safe Spring Festival!
Responsible Editor: Xiao Xi
This article is exclusively authorized by the author to be used by Clove Garden and refuses any other form of reprinting.