The latest rumor that McDonald’s announced that it would stop using antibiotics in chickens is half true. The truth is that McDonald’s will require suppliers to stop using some antibiotics used by human beings within two years, not completely.
It undoubtedly stirred our fragile nerves again. When we talked about chicken, Always associated with antibiotic residues and excessive hormones. Many members of the public, Including the media, all believe that antibiotics and hormones must be added to the feed, and antibiotics and hormone residues are inevitable in chicken and eggs. [Broilers grow fast and are related to the addition of growth hormones in the feed] [Laying hens lay eggs and are mostly related to the addition of sex hormones in the feed] and other statements are widely circulated. Is this the case? Are all farms fools? Let’s take a look at the Veterinary Drug Administration Regulations issued by the Ministry of Agriculture. It clearly stipulates that, It is forbidden to add hormone drugs to feed and animal drinking water. Moreover, growth hormone is a peptide hormone. When added to the feed, it will be digested by the gastrointestinal tract of the animal. It doesn’t have any growth promotion effect at all. To make growth hormone work, Only by injection. However, On poultry, Injecting chickens one by one, Not only does it take labor and time, It is also a stimulus to chickens, Even self-defeating and preventing the chickens from growing normally. So, Less [silly] farms use expensive growth hormones (300-500 yuan each), And can not play any role in promoting growth, It is a waste of people and money. Therefore, It is not only illegal to add hormones to feed, It is also unnecessary. In 2011, The China Animal Husbandry Association conducted spot checks on chicken products in large wholesale markets, supermarkets, KFC, McDonald’s and other restaurants in Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou respectively. Thirty-two hormones were determined, The contents were all below the safety limit, So you don’t have to worry about eating hormones in chicken or eggs. Antibiotics are a real problem. Antibiotic residues do exist in meat, eggs and milk. Some antibiotics are allowed to be added to the feed. This is different from hormones. The history of feeding antibiotics can be traced back to 1946. Scientists found that adding low doses of streptomycin to broiler feed has significant growth promoting effect. After that, Antibiotics began to be widely used in livestock and poultry feed as feed growth promoters. However, with the long-term and large-scale use of feed antibiotics, Problems such as antibiotic residues, bacterial drug resistance, soil and water pollution are becoming increasingly prominent. Especially during the epidemic period of diseases, Farmers blindly increase the use of antibiotics, Even if the drug withdrawal period is not implemented in violation of regulations, Resulting in residual antibiotics in livestock and poultry products, It is harmful to the health of consumers. Since the problems of antibiotic residues and bacterial drug resistance emerged, Countries such as the European Union have gradually regulated the use of antibiotics-used to treat animal diseases. Instead of growth promoters. The United States has also banned various antibiotics from being added to feed since 2014. McDonald’s stopped using some antibiotics used by human beings this time. China also proposed to gradually ban the addition of antibiotics to feed in 2012. Can chicken and eggs still be bought? Where can I buy it? But when treating animal diseases, The use of antibiotics is inevitable. The centralized breeding of broilers and laying hens, Increases the growth rate of animals, But it reduces the animal’s resistance to disease, So in the process of breeding, Animals are very vulnerable to pathogenic bacteria, Inducing respiratory tract infection, digestive tract infection, In severe cases, animals die. Veterinarians often use high doses of antibiotics to control diseases. Reduce the death of animals and the spread of diseases. Especially in epidemic seasons, Antibiotic abuse is easy to occur. However, as long as the withdrawal period is properly implemented, Do not add illegal drugs, No antibiotics exceeding safety standards will remain in livestock and poultry products. For broilers and eggs, China has a series of hygiene and testing standards, which detect hormones, antibiotics, pesticides and other residues in broiler products. There are also strict regulations on the residue limits of heavy metals, pesticides and veterinary drugs in eggs. Therefore, chicken and egg products purchased from legal businesses and large shopping malls need not worry too much about hormones and antibiotics.