Since yesterday, a piece of news has been circulating on the Internet. The news is that a measles epidemic broke out in a building in Dongcheng District of Beijing and [nearly half of the people] were infected.
Upon receipt of the message, Beijing CDC quickly responded to and announced the actual epidemic situation on its official website: On January 22, 2015, the CDC received a report from Dongcheng District CDC that a measles outbreak occurred in a building in the district. As of January 26, 2015, a total of 23 measles cases had been reported. In order to prevent the spread of measles, the building has now completed the emergency vaccination of 3,462 people against measles.
It can be seen that there is indeed an outbreak of measles, but it is definitely not as exaggerated as nearly half of the infections. At the same time, Beijing CDC and Dongcheng District CDC have responded quickly and adopted measures of isolation, disinfection and emergency vaccination of measles vaccine. The epidemic situation has been controlled and there are no new cases.
Frustration of the World Health Organization?
In the past year, there has been a continuous high incidence of measles in Beijing. In 2014, 2,391 measles cases were reported in the city, four times as many as in 2013. In the first month of 2015 alone, The number of measles cases received by Beijing CDC was 68, Compared with the same period last year (28 cases), it rose 142.9%. According to the monitoring data of Beijing CDC over the years, the epidemic characteristic of measles in Beijing is that the number of measles cases gradually increases from January every year and reaches the seasonal peak from April to May. It can be seen that although this outbreak is not as exaggerated as online transmission, it also needs to be paid full attention to by everyone! Apart from Beijing, The United States has also had a series of measles outbreaks recently. The World Health Organization put forward a slogan in 2010. They hope to achieve [basically eliminate measles] worldwide by the end of 2020. However, after their mid-term evaluation in 2015, they believe that it is still unknown whether the target will be achieved by 2020 due to reasons such as the far below-standard coverage rate of measles vaccine. Measles or severe cold? Measles is a highly infectious acute respiratory infectious disease caused by measles virus. In a crowded and airtight environment, It’s easy to spread. When the two-week incubation period is over, Began to have a moderate fever, The body temperature is generally 38 ~ 39 ℃, And clear your nose, The symptoms at this time are very similar to those of a bad cold. Except for one thing, Is measles will have a specific symptom, It’s called Koplik’s spot, This spot will appear on the buccal mucosa of the lower molar after fever, That is, the oral side of the face near the lower jaw, this spot is about 1mm, gray and flushed. After the Koplik spot appears, a rash will begin to develop 1-2 days later. The rash will first occur behind the ears and neck and slowly develop downward. At the same time, the body temperature may rise higher, generally about 40-40.5 ℃. When the characteristics of measles appear, you should go to the hospital for treatment as soon as possible. Who is the most dangerous? The World Health Organization’s Measles Vaccine Position Paper points out that The standard procedure is two doses, There is no strict time limit, It is arranged by each country. The immunization program recommended by the China Vaccine and Immunization Network is the first measles-rubella (leprosy) combined vaccine at the age of 8 months. 18-24 months old were vaccinated with measles-mumps-rubella (mumps) combined vaccine, However, it has been slightly adjusted according to local conditions. During the protection period, Will come into contact with wild strains of measles, Since the protective effect of the vaccine did not disappear after exposure, Symptoms may be mild or not. But these wild strains once again stimulate the body to produce antibodies. At this time, the strength and validity period of the antibody will become longer, But children who have never been vaccinated have a high risk of measles. At the same time, the risk of complications (including death) is also the highest. Measles is one of the major causes of infant death worldwide. An estimated 145,700 people died of measles in 2013, Most of them are children under the age of 5. Before widespread vaccination, measles is estimated to kill 2.6 million people a year. Pregnant women who have not been vaccinated are also at risk. Anyone who has not been immunized (who has not been vaccinated or has not been immunized with the virus) can be infected. Can we be what? Like the last Norovirus, There is no specific medicine for measles, The best way to deal with it is vaccination. Paying attention to children’s timely vaccination is the key to protecting children’s health. Therefore, parents must take their children to be vaccinated against measles in time according to the appointment time. If the child is found to have vaccine leakage, In order to protect the health of the general public and children, The disease control and prevention departments in many cities all provide children under the age of 6 with three doses of measles vaccine free of charge. Adults should not take it lightly either. If adults find themselves suffering from fever, red rash, cough and other symptoms, We should go to the hospital for treatment as soon as possible. It is also suggested to take the initiative to go to the fever clinic. And wear a mask. If diagnosed with measles, According to the doctor’s advice, you should be hospitalized or isolated at home for rest and treatment to prevent the virus from infecting your family or colleagues. If friends, colleagues or family members who have close contact with you are infected with measles, you should seek the help of health and epidemic prevention personnel and consider whether to receive emergency measles vaccine under their advice.