On a cold day, taking a hot bath is really a comfortable thing to expel the cold and relieve fatigue.
Rumor has it that elderly friends who wash their hair and bathe in hot water when the temperature is low will cause stroke. Is this true? Can you take a safe bath in cold weather?
What had a stroke
Stroke, also known as stroke, is an acute cerebrovascular disease, which can be divided into ischemic and hemorrhagic diseases and is caused by cerebral vascular obstruction or rupture.
The main manifestations are sudden numbness and weakness of limbs, skewed corners of the mouth, slurred speech, dizziness, etc.
Common inducing factors of stroke include hard defecation and urination, emotional excitement, overeating, exercise overload, drinking, and inappropriate bathing methods.
Causes of Possible Stroke Caused by Bathing
As mentioned above, bathing is one of the inducing factors of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events, which may be caused by hemodynamic changes caused by elevated body temperature, increased heart rate, vasodilation, decreased blood pressure and accelerated blood circulation.
However, this does not mean that taking a hot bath is particularly dangerous. Stroke occurs mostly on the basis of its own pathological changes (such as hypertension, heart disease, diabetes, etc.) and under the action of various factors.
When or after taking a bath, Patients with stroke themselves, There is a basic disease that causes stroke. When bathing in hot water in cold weather, If the body temperature changes too much, Can cause large blood pressure fluctuation. However, if the blood pressure fluctuation range is too large, It is an important risk factor for stroke. Because excessive blood pressure fluctuation can lead to cardiac embolus or atherosclerotic plaque falling off, vascular embolism along with blood flow, or rupture of fragile cerebral vessels with pathological changes, thus causing stroke.
Attention should be paid to what when bathing.
In fact, the occurrence of cerebrovascular accidents during bathing does not lie in bathing itself, but in improper bathing methods.
Before taking a bath
· Don’t take a bath on an empty stomach
A lot of calories will be consumed during bathing. If you take a bath on an empty stomach, hypoglycemia will easily occur, and even hypoglycemia will occur in severe cases.
· Avoid taking a bath immediately after meals
Gastrointestinal blood flow will increase after meals to help digestion. At this time, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular blood supply is relatively insufficient. If you take a bath immediately after meals, dizziness and other conditions are more likely to occur.
· Avoid excessive ambient temperature difference
Turn on the hot water in advance before entering the bath, and take a bath after the bathroom is warm, so as to avoid blood pressure fluctuation caused by excessive temperature difference and reduce the probability of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular accidents.
In the bath
· Suitable water temperature
In cold seasons, many people like to take a bath with relatively hot water. When people suddenly shower or immerse in hot water, they will reflexively cause heartbeat to accelerate and blood pressure to rise in a short period of time, but with the expansion of skin and subcutaneous blood vessels throughout the body, blood pressure will suddenly drop again. Such blood pressure fluctuations will increase the probability of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular accidents.
For middle-aged and elderly friends, especially those who have chronic diseases such as hypertension and diabetes, it is a more appropriate choice to have a bath water temperature slightly higher than the body temperature, usually 37 ~ 41 degrees.
· Time should not be too long
Taking a bath for too long or soaking in water for a long time, skin capillaries dilate and cerebrovascular blood supply is relatively reduced, which easily leads to temporary ischemia and hypoxia of the brain and fainting in severe cases.
Suffering from hypertension, atherosclerosis of the elderly, easy to cause heart ischemia and anoxia, resulting in coronary artery spasm, thrombosis, induced ischemic stroke, serious cases may also be due to arrhythmia and sudden death. Therefore, bathing time is best controlled within half an hour;
After taking a bath
Pay attention to keeping warm and rest for half an hour after taking a bath before other activities.
Finally, it is emphasized that
Patients with hypertension and diabetes should insist on stable control of blood pressure and blood sugar at ordinary times, while patients with heart disease should insist on taking medicine according to doctor’s advice to control blood lipid.
Develop healthy and good living habits in daily life and keep happy. In the late spring cold days recently, pay attention to keeping warm. In your spare time, see Dr. Clove more, and we will always provide accurate, practical and considerate information on healthy life.
To sum up, when the temperature is low, we should pay attention to the method of bathing. More importantly, we must control the basic diseases at ordinary times. Only in this way can stroke not be easily found.