Autumn diarrhea, the most common form of infantile diarrhea, is caused by rotavirus. This virus looks like a wheel under an electron microscope, so it is called [rotavirus].
Rotavirus is very infectious, can survive for several hours to several months in vitro, and can survive for a longer time in low temperature environment, and rotavirus is infectious until 10 days after symptoms appear before symptoms appear!
The virus not only spreads among infants, but also adults are infected with rotavirus, but basically there are no symptoms. Adults are recessive disseminators of rotavirus. They do not suffer from the disease, but they are easy to infect children.
Cross infection of rotavirus is easy to occur in homes, kindergartens and other places.
Precautions for Diarrhea in Autumn
1. If the baby is recruited, will the baby show what?
The earliest symptoms of autumn diarrhea are fever, then vomiting and diarrhea. Typical autumn diarrhea stool is egg flower soup or clear water.
If you can’t judge, take the baby’s stool and go to the hospital for a doctor’s test to see if you are infected with rotavirus.
2. The greatest harm of rotavirus-dehydration
Vomiting and diarrhea caused by diarrhea in autumn will cause the baby to lose a large amount of water and electrolyte in a short period of time, and even suffer from severe dehydration.
- Expressions of dehydration: decreased urination, no tears when crying, dry lips, polydipsia, listlessness, sunken eyes, etc. Expressions of severe dehydration: children may suffer from apathy, coma, non-drinking water, sunken eyes, which is very dangerous.
Severe dehydration will lead to damage to the baby’s brain and other organs, and in serious cases will endanger the baby’s life safety.
Therefore, ensuring that the baby is not dehydrated is the primary goal, while maintaining the balance of electrolyte and nutrition of the baby.
3. I’m not sure, I’d better go to the hospital as soon as possible.
If you can’t tell whether you have been recruited or take good care of the sick baby, you should take it to the hospital.
Autumn diarrhea is a viral infection, and there are no effective targeted antiviral drugs at present, so prevention of dehydration is particularly important. If severe dehydration occurs, you must go to the hospital in time.
How to stay away from autumn diarrhea?
STEP 1 Pay Attention to Hygiene
Rotavirus is transmitted through fecal-oral route and is highly infectious. If babies come into contact with people infected with rotavirus or objects they touch, they may be infected with the virus.
However, if parents pay more attention to hygiene and teach their babies to wash their hands frequently, the risk of infection can be greatly reduced. We give the following suggestions:
- Wash your hands before meals and after defecation, and do not eat raw and cold food. Regularly disinfect baby’s tableware and toys; Avoid sharing food with other babies and adults during the epidemic season. When going out to use a public diaper changing table, disinfect the diaper table with alcohol wipes first.
2. Vaccination against rotavirus
Severe cases of diarrhea in autumn are basically primary infections. If vaccination has been carried out before, it is equivalent to completing the primary infection and will produce protective antibodies. Even if reinfection occurs, the symptoms are mild or even asymptomatic.
Parents should be reminded that this vaccine is not a lifelong vaccine and cannot be immunized against rotavirus for life after vaccination.
The baby has been [hit], how to deal with it?
1. See a doctor in time
When the baby’s condition is unknown, he should see a doctor in time and let a professional doctor judge the situation.
Step 2: Don’t mix your own salt water
Dehydration not only causes the baby to lose water and salt, but also other minerals and electrolyte disorders. Saline alone cannot treat [dehydration] and is not recommended for the baby.
Step 3 Take rehydration salts
As mentioned earlier, there are currently no antiviral drugs against rotavirus infection, so relieving dehydration is the key.
In case of mild to moderate dehydration, you can buy [oral rehydration salt] containing electrolyte in pharmacy. Glucose, sodium, potassium and water contained in the liquid can effectively prevent and treat mild dehydration. When in use, dilute it according to the instructions and feed it several times in small quantities.
Severe dehydration should be prevented as much as possible. Once it occurs, you must go to the hospital as soon as possible so as not to delay the illness.
Step 4: Don’t take antibiotics indiscriminately
Autumn diarrhea is caused by viral infection, while antibiotics are used to treat diseases caused by microbial infection. Antibiotics are unnecessary for children without bacterial infection.
Step 5: Eat as usual
When the baby has diarrhea, whether to eat or not is a question that mothers often ask. If you eat, you are worried about aggravating diarrhea, and if you don’t eat, you are afraid of starving the baby.
The current view holds that it is good to continue the original eating habits during the baby’s diarrhea, but don’t eat food that you haven’t eaten before or raw and cold food, and don’t force you to eat.
Responsible Editor: Chuyang
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