Varicocele is one of the most common diseases causing male infertility. About 15% ~ 30% of the male infertile population suffer from varicocele.
However, even normal adult males, about 10% ~ 15% suffer from varicocele of different degrees, so don’t panic too much when you find this disease. Let’s first understand that it is what.
Spermatic vein is related to testicular health
Varicose veins are very common. For example, many middle-aged and elderly people have thick blood vessels like [earthworms] on their calves, which is [great saphenous varicose veins]. From the name of varicose veins, it can be seen that this is a disease related to blood vessels (veins).
Varicocele is a similar problem, except that it occurs in the spermatic cord and affects the testis, the male reproductive organ.
In short, The spermatic cord is a channel, There are veins, arteries, lymphatic vessels, vas deferens and other pipelines, Provide blood to the testis and output sperm. When varicocele is varicocele, The veins in the spermatic cord become too long and thick, exceeding the normal range. As a result, the blood flow of testicular veins becomes far away and more obstacles, which is bound to be unsmooth. The normal metabolism of testis is affected, which will lead to a decrease in the number of sperm, an increase in malformation, an increase in oxidative damage to sperm, etc., thus causing male infertility or infertility.
These three categories of people should be careful.
The high-risk groups for varicocele are:
- People who have been engaged in heavy physical labor for a long time; A person who carries out heavy weight and high load physical training; A person who stands or sits for a long time.
As the abdominal pressure of these people will increase during daily activities, the risk of varicocele will increase, so attention should be paid to the combination of work and rest in daily activities to avoid varicocele.
How did you find varicocele?
It is best to ask a doctor to do the examination of varicocele, so we should try our best to ask a doctor to see it during the annual physical examination so as to find out the problem as early as possible.
If you suspect that you have a problem, you can do a preliminary self-examination, such as whether you can see obvious skin protrusion above the scrotum when standing, or whether you can touch a thickened blood vessel in the scrotum, etc.
For those who often feel discomfort or even pain in the scrotum after walking, or can touch (see by naked eyes) there are lumps above the scrotum, and the semen examination results are of poor quality, they should see a professional doctor.
Treatment varies from person to person.
Although suffering from varicocele does not necessarily mean infertility, if there is abnormal semen quality at the same time, it will affect fertility and should be actively treated.
How to deal with varicocele after examination? The answer is [varies from person to person].
- For patients with mild or moderate varicocele, Generally, under the guidance of doctors, they can adjust their lifestyle or adopt drugs and physical therapy. Usually pregnancy can occur naturally after sperm quality is improved. For patients with severe varicocele, When the effect of drugs or other therapies is not obvious, Surgical treatment may be considered, Spermatic vein is treated to improve sperm quality. For infertile patients caused by varicocele, in addition to the above-mentioned treatment methods, artificial insemination, test-tube baby and other assisted reproductive technologies can also be used to formulate appropriate pregnancy assistance programs according to the sperm quality of the man and the specific conditions of the woman’s ovary and fallopian tube.
It should be reminded that the specific conditions of each patient are different. If the volume of testis is obviously reduced and the texture changes obviously, the therapeutic effect will usually not be very good.
In addition, before treatment, doctors need to know the patient’s age, fertility, sperm quality, scrotal symptoms, varicose veins, the woman’s age and fertility and other information to make a comprehensive judgment, and then formulate an individualized treatment plan, instead of all patients choosing surgery.
Finally, it is suggested that people who are troubled by this aspect should bring together the past information of both husband and wife and go to the male department or reproductive medicine center of a regular hospital for treatment.