Vomiting blood, how to do?

What people are prone to vomiting blood?

Hematemesis is the [common name] of upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage. Patients with peptic ulcer, erosive gastritis, esophageal and gastric varices and gastric cancer are prone to [hematemesis]. In addition to the above-mentioned diseases, esophageal injury, hemangioma and other diseases may lead to upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage.

Will vomiting blood have other manifestations of what at the same time?

  1. Direct manifestation of hemorrhage: hematemesis or black stool (tarry stool).

  2. Indirect phenomena caused by hemorrhage: insufficient blood after hemorrhage, dizziness, palpitation, fatigue, syncope when suddenly standing up, limb cooling, low blood pressure, etc., and even shock. At the same time, the patient’s skin, nail bed, mucosa, etc. may also appear pale.

  3. Some patients also have fever.

Basic Processing

  1. A ban on food and water;

  2. The legs are raised above the head.

  3. Lateral position of head to keep airway unobstructed;

  4. When the amount of vomiting blood is huge, call 120.

Instructions for medical treatment

Hematemesis must go to the hospital.

Patients with a history of massive hematemesis or portal hypertension need to call 120.

Why do people vomit blood?

In short, hemorrhage in esophagus, stomach and part of small intestine (upper duodenum) can be called upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage. The causes include, Peptic ulcer, erosive gastritis, esophageal and gastric varices rupture and hemorrhage, etc. Doctors take a special physiological structure (flexor ligament) as the boundary. The digestive tract is divided into upper digestive tract and lower digestive tract, of which the upper digestive tract includes oral cavity, throat, esophagus, stomach and duodenum, while the lower digestive tract includes small intestine, cecum, colon, etc. Bleeding occurring in the upper digestive tract is upper digestive tract hemorrhage.