What are the problems worth caring about in the whole process of the operation?

Before admission, first arrange the medical trip and bring the necessary items.

The following items are recommended:

    Daily clothing, clean underwear and slippers, etc.; Toiletries, such as towels, pots, soap, toothbrushes, toothpaste, etc.; The drugs taken and list the doses of each drug; Medical records and previous examination data.

Patients should communicate with relatives and friends about the operation arrangement in advance so that someone can accompany them when necessary.

A series of examinations should be performed during preoperative evaluation, mainly including:

    Three major routine: blood routine, urine routine and stool routine; General blood examination: blood biochemistry, coagulation, blood type, cross matching; Serum four items: [hepatitis B, hepatitis C, syphilis, AIDS]; Other examinations: such as electrocardiogram, etc. If the patient is older, echocardiography and lung function examination are also required.

The evaluation is usually carried out one day or a few days before the operation, and the patient should ensure that the doctor is informed of all the examination results, drug taking and other information.

Click to understand: Why do you need so many routine examinations for preoperative evaluation?

If the doctor tells the patient to [fast] before the operation, he must strictly observe it and cannot eat anything. Because the gastrointestinal tract of the patient must be emptied during the operation to ensure that suffocation will not be caused by food gushing out under anesthesia.

Diabetic patients who use insulin also need to fast before operation. However, medical staff must be informed in advance so as to carry out appropriate care.

You may have heard that some patients felt thirsty before the operation and drank a glass of water, so the operation was cancelled. Why is it so strict? Click here to see why.

If it is found that the patient’s condition does not meet the requirements of the operation, the hospital will notify the patient to reschedule the operation time.

If you have cough, cold, fever or menstruation a few days before the operation, be sure to inform the surgeon. The doctor will make an evaluation according to the specific situation to determine whether the patient can perform the operation as planned.

After confirming the operation, during the preoperative conversation, the patient can consult the medical staff about some treatment questions, such as:

    When does the operation start in what? Did you feel what during the operation? How long will the narcotic effect last? Will there be pain after surgery? How to deal with postoperative pain? What should I do if it hurts and who should I inform? How is the visit of relatives and friends arranged after operation? Can I return to the general ward after surgery? When can I see a doctor in what? How long can I be discharged from hospital after operation? What can take various test results or pathological results?

The answers to these questions can help patients understand the operation process and reduce the psychological pressure of patients.

In operation

The purpose of anesthesia is to prevent patients from feeling pain and ensure the smooth operation.

Major surgery requires general anesthesia, or general anesthesia, which means that the patient will be unconscious during the whole operation. General anesthesia is performed by injection of drugs or mask inhalation of drugs, and the anesthesiologist will monitor the whole process until the patient wakes up.

If the patient does not need to be unconscious, the doctor will choose [local anesthesia], that is, local anesthesia. This means that the patient is conscious and awake during the operation, but there will be no pain.

Anesthesia may make patients feel uncomfortable after surgery, but reasonable use will not cause much impact. Some people say that anesthesia will affect people’s intelligence, is it true? Click here to learn the truth.

Understanding the surgical process is very important and can also help patients recover better. Patients can consult their doctors on these questions:

    Did the operation go as smoothly as expected? According to the condition, the operation has how’s help? Will you feel like how when you go home? How long will it take to get back to normal?

To learn more about the details of the operation process, you can click here to view it. Let’s understand more and misunderstand less.

The first day after the operation is often the day when the patient feels the most painful wound.

When patients begin to feel pain, they can immediately inform the medical staff that they will deal with it as soon as possible according to the situation.

Sometimes patients feel pain after surgery, doctors will use analgesic pumps to relieve pain for patients, will this affect wound healing? Click here to learn about the benefits of postoperative analgesia.

Long-term bed rest will cause blood to deposit in lower limb veins and greatly increase the risk of thrombosis. Therefore, long-term bed rest is not conducive to recovery, and the earlier you get out of bed, the better.

If conditions permit, some leg activities can be done to prevent thrombosis, such as knee, ankle or leg lifting.

There are also some patients who have a higher risk of thrombosis, so drugs need to be injected to reduce the risk of thrombosis after operation.

It is very important to arrange reasonable nursing after operation, especially for the elderly. It is even more important to arrange appropriate nursing measures and auxiliary tools, such as wheelchairs, walking sticks, rotation escort, etc.

Patients can also check whether the hospital has guidance books such as < < rehabilitation manual > >, and can ask the hospital for and carefully understand the relevant contents. Mastering scientific methods is also of great benefit to rehabilitation.


Before discharge from hospital, the doctor will agree on the date of follow-up according to the type of operation and the patient. At the same time, the patient needs to know how to take relevant drugs, how to nurse the surgical incision, and what tools (such as bandages, crutches, splints, etc.) may be needed.

    After returning home, who can I consult if I have any questions? What can I do by myself? (e.g. Going to the bathroom, getting up, etc.) Is there anything you can’t do? When can what start working? After returning home, the pain, ecchymosis or swelling of the surgical incision to how’s level is normal? When you are in what, where do you change dressings or remove stitches? Do you need regular follow-up? If so, it is probably what time and what frequency?