1. Iodized salt
Iodized salt is a good helper to prevent iodine deficiency.
- Non-iodized salt is used for hyperthyroidism. Thyroiditis should not eat iodized salt, eat less or not; Others choose iodized salt.
Soybean is not only a goiter-causing food, but also can inhibit the absorption of thyroid hormones.
Patients with hypothyroidism should not eat a large amount of bean products after taking drugs, and it is better to eat them at intervals. Patients with hyperthyroidism can eat more in an appropriate amount.
3. Cruciferous food
Common ones are cauliflower, cabbage, cabbage, radish, mustard, etc.
People with goiter should eat less.
These foods have the effect of antithyroid drugs, but after heating treatment, hypothyroidism patients can also enjoy them moderately.
4. High-fiber foods
Eating more fruits and vegetables and other foods rich in dietary fiber is very effective in relieving constipation.
However, hyperthyroidism patients with diarrhea should eat less, while hypothyroidism patients with constipation can eat more.
Step 5 Avoid irritating foods
Typical symptoms of hyperthyroidism patients include palpitation, fear of heat, irritability, etc.
Diet should avoid spicy food, strong tea, strong coffee and other irritating food, so as not to aggravate hyperthyroidism symptoms.
Drink 1.5 ~ 2 L of water every day.
Patients with hyperthyroidism have the problems of excessive sweating and vigorous metabolism, which will consume a large amount of water. They should drink 1.5 ~ 3 L of water every day.
7. Eat less and eat more
This is also a dietary suggestion suitable for weight loss.
Hyperthyroidism patients’ demand for energy increases. Proper addition of side meals can meet the body’s demand for energy and relieve the high blood sugar caused by one-time large-scale eating.
8. Low-salt diet
It is recommended to control the daily salt intake to 5 g.
However, due to the possibility of mucous edema in hypothyroidism patients, excessive salt intake will aggravate edema, and more attention should be paid to controlling salt intake.