Every woman has several decades to go through menstruation. Throughout her whole life, she has heard more or less of a word: irregular menstruation.
Some people describe menstruation as follows: Lonely eggs do not meet the real sperm that belongs to them.
Yes, after the egg leaves the ovary, it will flow out of the vagina with bleeding along with the endometrial shedding without encountering sperm within one cycle.
This cycle is different in different people, and the amount of bleeding per cycle is also different. Is irregular menstruation a disease? Let’s talk about it. If these characteristics change, there may be a what problem.
If you want to say that you have the concept of irregular menstruation, you must first know that what is called “tune”.
Under normal circumstances, the menstrual cycle is in the range of 21-35 days, and the duration of menstruation is about 2-8 days. For each menstruation, the normal blood loss is 20-60 mL.
Is what irregular menstruation?
Compared with normal menstruation, irregular menstruation is basically manifested in the following three aspects:
The starting time of the menstrual cycle varies: the menstrual cycle is more than 35 days, or the number of menstruations in a year is less than 6-8 times, or the stopping time of menstruation is 3-6 months or even longer.
Menstrual duration varies: Uterine bleeding is uncertain and frequent.
The amount of bleeding during menstruation increases or decreases: menstruation lasts for a long time or has a large amount of menstruation, and menstruation is frequent and irregular.
However, due to irregular vaginal bleeding caused by other reasons, this situation cannot be considered as irregular menstruation. If you are not sure, it is recommended to see an obstetrician and gynecologist.
Is irregular menstruation the cause of what?
Irregular menstruation can be caused by a variety of reasons:
Hormones: Changes in estrogen and progesterone levels in the body can disturb the normal menstrual cycle. Therefore, irregular menstruation is more common in adolescent and menopausal women.
Reasons related to reproductive needs: intrauterine devices, contraceptives or other drugs, pregnancy or lactation;
Physiological or mental: excessive exercise, excessive mental pressure;
Other causes: hyperthyroidism, polycystic ovarian disease, severe endometrial scars (such as cervical or uterine cavity sticky after induced abortion), endometrial polyps or thickening, and hysteromyoma.
What about irregular menstruation?
Mild menstrual disorders during puberty or menopause generally do not require treatment, and menopause after pregnancy is also a normal phenomenon. Therefore, these two situations do not need special treatment.
However, menstrual disorders caused by other reasons can be treated as follows according to the etiology:
- If there are primary diseases, treat potential diseases; For example, irregular menstruation caused by IUD can change the birth control method. Irregular menstruation caused by excessive exercise or mental stress, change lifestyle, and balance exercise and rest in an appropriate and reasonable manner; If menstruation is irregular due to changes in hormone levels during puberty or menopause, it is necessary to consult a doctor whether to carry out hormone therapy.
Responsible Editor: Cat Capricorn