As time goes by, asthma cannot be ignored.

That evening 20 years ago, I believe many fans of Teresa Teng are still hard to let go.

Although the way of information dissemination was not very developed at that time, it could still be seen that various TV stations were rolling on the news and commemorative albums of Teresa Teng’s death due to illness in Thailand. On the radio, the air was filled with her sweet singing.

After a generation of songs, Xiang died. Although there are still different opinions on the cause of her death, many opinions point to one key word: asthma.

Just past May 5 is World Asthma Day. According to WHO figures in 2011, about 235 million people worldwide suffer from asthma. The disease has claimed the lives of a generation of songwriters. How can we control the risk?

Asthma is what?

Asthma, the full name of bronchial asthma, is one of the most common chronic diseases in the world. At present, the pathogenesis of asthma is still unclear, but asthma has genetic tendency.

In addition, once the inducing factors are eaten or inhaled, asthma attacks will be stimulated.

There are many substances that can induce asthma, such as indoor irritants such as dust mites, pets and cockroaches, outdoor irritants such as pollen and grass powder, chemical materials such as paints and dyes, foods such as fish, shrimp and crabs, milk and eggs, special drugs, etc. Smoking, air pollution, obesity and inappropriate exercise may all cause asthma attacks.

Asthma kills people?

Acute attack of asthma can indeed cause life danger.

The mortality rate of asthma ranges from 1.6 to 36.7/100,000, which is mostly related to poor long-term control of asthma and untimely treatment at the last attack. Most of the tragedies can be prevented.

Some media said that Teresa Teng’s condition was relatively stable for a long time, but for a period of time before her death, physical and other factors affected her control of the disease. According to reports, Teresa Teng’s complexion was purple and she had severe wheezing before her death, which was indeed very similar to the manifestations of acute asthma attacks.

If it is an acute attack of asthma, and the severity is such, it may endanger life within a few minutes.

She died unfortunately on her way to the hospital, which is really regrettable.

Can asthma be cured?

Asthma is incurable. However, according to the data provided by the global and Chinese guidelines for asthma prevention and treatment, more than 80% of patients can achieve clinical control of asthma after long-term standardized treatment and management.

Good self-management of asthma patients can improve curative effect, reduce recurrence and improve quality of life.

Once diagnosed with asthma, one must be prepared to fight the disease for a long time.

Long-term control

Avoiding asthma attacks is the top priority. We should understand the stimulating factors and inducements, learn to avoid these factors, and stick to regular medication according to doctors’ opinions. In addition, we can choose appropriate exercise to enhance our physique.

Monitoring of illness

We should learn to monitor the changes of the disease condition at home and keep a diary of asthma. These data can help you judge when or when what will increase the risk of attack.

Carry drugs

You should carry drugs with you. Once there is a warning, you should be more vigilant. When you suffer from the disease, you should know simple self-treatment and master the use and inhalation technology of antiasthmatic drugs.

Guidelines for Food, Clothing, Housing and Transportation for Asthma Patients


The allergens of each asthmatic patient may not be exactly the same. You can go to the hospital to determine the allergens through allergy tests. You must keep in mind in the future and try to avoid such foods. Attention should also be paid before drinking drinks. Some food additives may induce asthma. Supercooled foods and drinks may also induce asthma.


Try to use natural materials, do not choose clothes containing down, animal fur, chemical fiber and other materials, release irritating smell, complex components should also be avoided;


Asthma patients should also pay attention to household dust mites in bedding, carpets, plush toys and pet dander in their homes. If someone smokes in their homes, they should also avoid secondhand smoke pollution.


Asthma patients should pay attention to outdoor pollen and mold, air pollution or chemical irritants in the workplace when going out.

Asthma patients are not unable to exercise. After diagnosis and treatment, choosing appropriate exercise items will enhance immunity and reduce morbidity.

Asthma patients are suitable for short-term and intermittent exercises, such as volleyball, gymnastics, cricket, walking, etc. Football, long-distance running, basketball, winter sports such as cross-country skiing, skating and other long-term sports are not suitable.

Swimming is a special case. Although it requires long-term endurance, it is usually carried out in an environment with high temperature and humidity, and asthma patients can adapt well.

Before exercise, patients should warm up properly. 15-20 minutes before the start, they should inhale asthma drugs to prevent the attack of exercise-induced asthma.

Some possible allergens (please be careful to contact and keep in mind in life)

Asthma patients suddenly onset, can do what?

What has just been mentioned is some preventive measures. When asthma patients really suffer from the disease, how will others deal with it? The following measures may save lives.

If the asthma patient around you suddenly has a severe attack, you must first call 120 emergency calls.

During the onset of the disease, he may show anxiety, depression or panic, shortness of breath, cough, wheezing, pale and sweating, lips, earlobes and fingers will turn purple due to lack of oxygen, and in more serious cases, the patient will be unconscious.

In this serious situation, besides calling 120, you can also do these things:

  1. Ensure that patients are in a safe and ventilated place;

  2. Observe whether there is any reaction;

  3. Lift the patient’s lower jaw, which will help the patient open the respiratory tract;

  4. Daily attention can also be paid to how CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation is operated. When necessary, it can save a life.

  5. Waiting for the ambulance to arrive.

For conscious patients with mild symptoms, you can do these:

  1. Ensure that patients are in a safe and ventilated place;

  2. Help patients maintain comfortable postures, such as sitting and leaning forward;

  3. Comfort the patient and tell him to take a deep breath slowly.

  4. Asthma patients usually carry asthma spray with them. Its appearance is [L], which can help patients find it and hand it to him for use.

Note: Patients may inhale spray continuously when their symptoms are serious, but excessive use of drugs may also endanger their lives. You should keep in touch with 120 doctors by telephone for guidance.

Responsible Editor: Yidan