Count, take a look, touch, how are your balls?

Eggs are obviously important male reproductive organs, but their health status and daily health care are not as valued as their little brother. Ding Dang wants to say, is it because parents are behind that they are easily ignored? !

At the following time (literally below), Ding Dang will give it to Dr. Zhao of Urology Department to talk about how to protect his balls in daily life and what situations need to be paid attention to.

What do normal balls look like?

The egg includes both the testis and the epididymis attached to the posterior and superior side of the testis.

The testicles are two slightly flat ellipsoids, usually slightly larger on one side than on the other and slightly higher on the right side than on the left. There is no identical face or a pair of balls of exactly the same size in the world. As long as the two sides are not much different, there is no problem.

The average length of adult testicles is about 4 ~ 5 cm, the width is about 2.5 cm, and the anterior and posterior diameter is about 3 cm. The shape is like pebbles of the same size.

However, testicular size is related to factors such as race and height, and there are great differences between different races. However, the bigger the balls, the better!

What are balls for?

The main function of testis is to produce sperm and secrete androgen. Its size is often used as a reference index to measure male reproductive function.

Testicular volume is too small, there may be dysfunction, but this is not absolute, requiring doctors to make professional measurements to determine.

Above the back of the testis is the epididymis, where sperm mature. The epididymis goes up again and connects the vas deferens. The testis will continuously produce sperm, and it takes 3 months to process the epididymis until it matures.

There is no need to worry about the death of what’s sperm, because sperm will be produced continuously.

The scrotum, which looks wrinkled, black and inconspicuous, will wrap around the balls like a bag to protect it. More importantly, the scrotum can regulate the temperature through skin expansion and perspiration, keeping the temperature low, which is conducive to the healthy development of sperm.

Eggs. Be careful in this way

1. Count, if there is only one ball…

If you find that there has always been only one lonely egg in the scrotum, it is probably cryptorchidism.

After the baby boy is born, the testicles will slowly descend into the scrotum, but if the testicles [settle] in the groin and other places, because the surrounding environment is harder than the scrotum and the temperature is higher than that in the scrotum, the testicles are more vulnerable to injury, which will also lead to the inability to produce mature sperm. If both sides are cryptorchidism, infertility or even malignant transformation may occur.

Six months after birth, if the child still does not have two testicles in the scrotum, the chances of the testicles descending by themselves are extremely small. If you have never noticed how many balls you or your child have in the scrotum…

2. Take a look. If one side of the ball is much larger than the other…

Usually, one testis is slightly larger than the other. However, if one side is significantly larger, or there is an abnormal mass in the scrotum, attention should be paid to the possibility of testicular hydrocele, scrotal hernia, scrotal abscess or hematoma, and even testicular tumor.

In some cases, there may not be obvious pain. Touch two more when taking a bath at ordinary times. If you find any abnormal lump, you must see a doctor in time.

3. Touch, if the Yin cyst…

If curved and dilated veins can be seen on the scrotal surface, it is often caused by varicocele, which can cause infertility in serious cases. In addition, scrotal edema and scrotal eczema can also lead to scrotal swelling.

4. Finally, don’t ignore egg pain

If the testicles are obviously injured by external forces (such as ball games, riding injuries or being kicked), the feeling of egg pain will definitely engrave. Bone. Inscription. Heart.

The testis itself rarely suffers from pain. If there is pain, it may be epididymitis, orchitis, etc., or a condition called testicular torsion.

Testicular twist sounds painful! This kind of situation is common in teenagers under the age of 20, mostly during sleep or when they just get up, or it may be sudden onset after strenuous exercise.

This kind of situation should be diagnosed and treated as soon as possible, otherwise torsion will cause ischemia, and testis necrosis will occur if the time is too long.

Egg health care

Although the balls are a kind of [internal organs], in order to avoid the high temperature in the abdominal cavity, they eventually grow outside, but this increases the risk of trauma.

In activities, especially ball games, protective measures should be taken when necessary.

Another very important point is to avoid the high temperature of the bureau.

In general, we seldom have direct contact with high temperature, but we should pay attention to some unconscious behaviors that cause indirect local high temperature. Keep the balls at a comfortable temperature, pay attention to the following points:

Do not take a hot bath for a long time, especially in a bath or bathtub.

Sitting for a long time, especially crossing your legs or sitting on a soft sofa, will also cause local high temperature. It is best to walk from time to time and not be too reserved in your sitting posture.

Try not to wear tight pants for a long time.