When it comes to drugs, people’s first reaction is likely to be < < Deadly Poison Master > > or < < Infernal Affairs > >. In fact, we are not as far away from drugs as we think. On the contrary, some [drugs] are also closely related to our lives, such as drugs.
The past Life and Present Life of Drugs and Drugs
Speaking of drugs and drugs, the relationship between the two can be described as [I have you, you have me].
As early as the Wei and Jin Dynasties, it was customary for dignitaries to take Wushi Powder. There are different opinions on the prescription of Wushi Powder, but it is generally certain that the medicine is very hot. Initially, Wushi Powder was taken to prolong life and strengthen the body. However, it can lead to toxic reactions, hallucinations and changes of consciousness. Long-term administration will inevitably endanger life.
In August 1897, In a laboratory in Germany, Chemist Hoffman discovered two inventions that changed the world in a row in the same month. They were aspirin and heroin. The former has become the well-deserved [leader of magic drugs] because of its excellent anti-inflammatory, anticoagulant and even anti-Alzheimer effects. However, the latter has made countless people crazy and plunged into the abyss.
To this day, drugs and drugs are still inextricably linked. For example, the most common narcotic analgesics, such as morphine and dolantin, are also addictive drugs.
Obviously, drugs are not far away from us. Drugs (or some drugs) are a part of life.
Drugs and drugs are so inseparable that it is not difficult to understand that improper drug administration will also lead to addiction symptoms similar to those caused by drug use.
Drugs that are treated as drugs
Clinically, psychotropic and narcotic drugs have always been strictly controlled by various countries. At the same time, in the world of drugs, they have changed their appearance and occupied a place under the name of “new drugs”.
The following categories list some of the most common addictive drugs in clinical practice. In a sense, they are also drugs.
1. [Emission Agent]-Isopentobarbital
As a member of the barbital family, isopentobarbital is routinely used to resist anxiety and epilepsy. At the same time, compared with traditional barbital drugs, isopentobarbital has better effect on insomnia. It has also been used as a [spitting agent]. However, after long-term use of this drug, drug resistance and addiction cannot be ignored, and it will also cause irreversible damage to the brain.
2. [K powder]-Ketamine
The addiction of ketamine is closely related to its [separation anesthesia] characteristics. The so-called separation anesthesia refers to the phenomenon that the patient does not completely lose consciousness after receiving anesthesia, but does not feel pain at all, but can make a rough response to light and sound stimulation at the same time. Therefore, ketamine was also used as an anesthetic drug at the earliest.
However, its side effects of irreversible brain damage and bladder fibrosis have gradually led to its abandonment by modern medicine. Nowadays, people continue to use it in nightclubs and ballrooms because it can make people forget their worries (and at the same time lose their alertness) for a while.
Speaking of [amphetamines], people may not know much about it. But I believe everyone will know about [methamphetamine].
As a stimulant, amphetamines have been used clinically to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and sleep perversion (Nacrolepsy). However, due to its inspiring effect, amphetamines are also used as drugs and stimulants.
4. [Smart Drug]-Ritalin
Ritalin is also used to treat ADHD. Ritalin may be better known for its title of [Nootropic] than addiction.
The so-called [smart medicine] is not simply to improve people’s IQ, but to improve people’s concentration, so that you can perform better in IQ tests.
Even if it does not directly improve people’s IQ, But its attention-boosting effect is enough to justify abuse. A survey shows that Ritalin is used by high school students in the United States as a way to improve academic performance than as a drug. Many parents even ask doctors to prescribe such drugs to help their children improve their studies.
Apart from the short-term side effects of drugs, due to the lack of long-term clinical data, whether it is reasonable to take [smart drugs] to improve academic performance remains to be discussed.
5. [Opium] and [Morphine]
This kind of drug can be said to be the [disaster area] of drug addiction. Most of the drugs circulating in the world are methadone, codeine, a powerful antitussive drug, morphine, a powerful analgesic drug, etc., which are drugs in themselves, and their addiction can be imagined.
Although it is a drug, it has different meanings for different people. For drug addicts, such as maggots attached to bones, your will is slowly eroded away. For terminally ill patients with long-term pain, such drugs are a quiet and peaceful [pure land] in the storm.
Therefore, even though opium and morphine have been criticized by people for hundreds of years, they and their descendants still exist strongly with their irreplaceable therapeutic functions.
The second spring of drugs
Many drugs that were once legal and used as drugs have been clinically abandoned. At the same time, many new functions of drugs have been discovered by people and have shown new vitality.
1. New antidepressant drugs
For example, ketamine and opium poppy, the raw material of opium, have been tried as antidepressants in recent years because users can get euphoria from it. According to data from the National Institute of Mental Health, intravenous ketamine can relieve depressive symptoms after 110 minutes and can last for one week.
2. Treatment Attempts for Parkinson’s Disease
[Cocaine] This old drug, although long abandoned by people because of its addiction, may now be used to diagnose Parkinson’s disease.
On the surface, the research from the University of Tokyo shows that by dripping cocaine into the eyes of subjects, people can quickly diagnose early Parkinson’s disease, and it is also likely to become an effective way to treat Parkinson’s disease in the future.
Are you addicted to drugs?
Through the publicity of the society and the media, everyone may have been able to prevent drugs from fading away. At the same time, the public may not be able to raise their vigilance because of such mild words as [drugs].
Let’s look at what as a common manifestation of drug addiction.
1. Tolerance to the drugs currently being taken
In other words, in order to achieve the same curative effect, you have to increase the dosage of drugs you take.
2. You must rely on drugs to reduce or terminate withdrawal reactions.
This kind of situation generally appears in a period of time after the patient did not take drugs, will feel dizziness nausea, limb fatigue, anxiety, depression, cold sweat and other symptoms, these are the manifestations of drug addiction
3. You have lost control of the dosage
You often take more drugs than you planned before, even if you didn’t plan to take them at all. You tell yourself that you must stop at this time, but you just can’t do it.
4. You gave up your previous favorite activities
As a result of taking drugs, you find that you gradually stop taking part in all kinds of sports and social activities and stop your former favorite hobbies. The main culprit is still drug addiction.
5. You continue to take drugs when you know they are harmful.
Drugs have brought you all kinds of hazards, such as melanosis, infection, personality change, depression, paranoia and mania. You have already noticed these, but since you insist on taking drugs.
How Prevention [Drug Addiction]?
As a good citizen with basic medical knowledge and law-abiding, how should we prevent drug addiction when using drugs that may be addicted?
1. Take medicine strictly according to the doctor’s advice,
First of all, prescription drugs should be taken according to the doctor’s advice. The safe dosage of drugs is determined through strict drug tests. Only in strict accordance with the doctor’s guidance can drugs be taken safely and effectively.
Step 2 Keep in touch with your doctor
Secondly, you should keep in touch with your doctor in charge at any time, because of the existence of individual differences, the effects of drugs on people are inevitably different, communicate with doctors in time, increase or decrease the amount of drugs, and make the drugs give full play to their maximum effects.
3. Safe storage
In addition, in order to store such drugs safely, one must not only consider oneself, but also consider others. Perhaps it is because of your careless actions that the life of family and friends around you has been ruined.
What if you become addicted?
If it is very unfortunate that you find yourself addicted to drugs, there is really no better way to contact doctors (there is no special department in China at present, but you can consult neurology or psychiatry) and drug rehabilitation institutions.
Because of the strong addiction of new drugs and the serious withdrawal reaction after drug withdrawal, it is no longer a question of determination whether one can give up drugs. Only by scientifically using alternative drugs and strictly gradually reducing the dosage can one regain hope.
It must be stated that it is extremely dangerous and undesirable to imprison oneself in a corner in order to get rid of drug addiction.
Of course, to prevent addiction, it is more important to prevent minor addiction at ordinary times: the most effective method is not to actively seek novel stimuli and maintain mental health.
Responsible Editor: Ding Ruoshui