For women, [big aunt] is [the most familiar stranger]. Although they often [meet], it is normal for not everyone to understand the situation in what, and the situation in what needs attention.
Menstrual status can reveal some health signals to a certain extent and is a [barometer] of a woman’s body. It is best to learn to observe, which can not only find problems as soon as possible, but also help doctors diagnose the disease.
Let’s talk about it briefly.
More than 90% of dysmenorrhea is [primary dysmenorrhea], which is mainly related to the increase of prostaglandin content in endometrium during menstruation.
Prostaglandins can amplify pain, causing excessive contraction of uterine smooth muscle and contracture of blood vessels, resulting in uterine ischemia and hypoxia.
There is no radical cure for primary dysmenorrhea. In addition to adjusting the mentality, paying attention to work and rest and other universally applicable principles, what can be done is to relieve pain.
You can consider consulting a doctor to use painkillers such as ibuprofen or oral short-acting contraceptives, which can effectively relieve symptoms.
However, if dysmenorrhea is very severe and even makes people lose their behavioral ability, it may be [secondary dysmenorrhea], that is to say, dysmenorrhea is caused by other organic diseases, including endometriosis and adenomyosis.
If you feel the pain is extremely strong, you should go to the obstetrics and gynecology department for examination as soon as possible. The treatment is not simply to relieve pain, but to treat the primary disease.
2. Morphology of menstrual blood
The color and shape of menstrual blood can reflect the hormone level of women to a certain extent.
Hormone levels are constantly changing during a complete menstrual cycle, and the color and viscosity of menstrual blood are also affected.
If the menstrual blood is bright red or dark red and slightly reddish brown in the last few days of the menstrual period, it is generally normal and there is no what problem.
1. Coagulated blood clots
Many women have observed that menstrual blood is sometimes sticky or accompanied by blood clots, which may be bright red, dark red or dark.
This situation usually occurs in the days when menstruation is the most frequent. During the menstrual period, The body will release anticoagulant substances so that the menstrual blood can be smoothly discharged. However, when the menstrual volume is large, the anticoagulant substances do not have enough time [to work], and blood clots may appear and feel darker. Generally, these are normal, not what [qi stagnation and blood stasis], and no additional conditioning is required.
However, if this situation lasts too long and the amount of menstruation is too large, it may be endometrial polyps and should be examined by gynecology as soon as possible.
During the proliferative period of endometrium, the level of estrogen in the body increases, which can thicken the endometrium. However, if endocrine disorders and estrogen levels are too high, it may excessively stimulate the endometrium and lead to endometrial polyps. Some gynecological inflammation may also lead to this problem. Endometrial polyps are more common in women over 35 years old, with the peak age being 50 years old.
2. Thin reddish color
If the menstrual blood is scarce and the color is lighter, it may be a manifestation of low estrogen level in the body.
Low estrogen level may lead to vaginal dryness, decreased sexual desire, alopecia and fatigue, and may also be manifested as too short and delayed menstrual period.
3. Amount of menstrual blood
The normal amount of menstruation is about 20 ~ 60 mL, too much or too little menstruation may be a health problem.
If the bleeding in a menstrual cycle is less than 20 mL, it is hypomenorrhagia.
If the woman with this kind of situation is not in perimenopause, it may be due to endocrine regulation disorders caused by malnutrition and high pressure, but it may also be an autoimmune system disease.
If bleeding exceeds 80 mL in a menstrual cycle, it is menorrhagia.
Menorrhagia may be a pathological change of uterus, endocrine regulation disorder, and even systemic blood system diseases. In addition to the harm of these diseases themselves, long-term excessive blood loss can also cause anemia.
4. Frequency of menstruation
Menstrual cycle refers to the interval between the first day of two menstruations. 21-35 days are normal, and one may last for 2-8 days.
Adolescent girls may have longer menstrual cycles and less frequent menstruation. As they grow older, menstruation will become more regular and the menstrual cycle will become shorter.
However, if the menstrual cycle and duration are too long or too short, there may be other problems.
Rapid weight changes, excessive stress, heavy drinking and certain drugs may all lead to irregular menstruation. Once or twice occasionally is generally not a problem, but if this is the case for a long time, it is better to go to gynecological consultation.
There are also some other problems, such as irregular vaginal bleeding. Although this is not menstruation, there may be other health problems. You should go to the hospital as soon as possible to check for other diseases.
Learn to observe and record your menstruation, and go to the hospital in time when problems are found, so as to better deal with them.