After 8 ~ 12 months, the baby became more and more active. In addition to climbing faster and faster and farther away, they began to try to stand and walk, and also expressed their happiness with some actions.
Good and emotional. They may explore around and babble with you, or they may begin to fear strangers and become very [sticky] to you.
These are all the performance of the baby’s physical and psychological progress, and also mean that parents need to do more preparation for the baby. For example, they should pay more attention to the protection of safety, start to cultivate the baby’s own eating habits, and help the baby maintain oral health.
In a word, this period is very important to the baby. Today, Ding Ma will talk about the growth and development characteristics and nursing points of 8 ~ 12 months old babies.
Normal range of growth and development
Normal body length and weight range of infants aged 8 ~ 12 months
Indicator Description: In 8 ~ 12 months, the baby’s development speed is still very fast. By the age of 1, the child’s weight can reach 3 times of that at birth on average, and the height also increases by 25 ~ 30 cm on the basis of birth on average. However, the growth speed of each child is different, and parents should still judge the individual situation of the baby according to the growth and development curve.
Characteristics of physical development
1. It’s time to start brushing your teeth when you have long teeth.
The health of deciduous teeth is not only related to the oral health of the baby before changing teeth, but also plays a vital role in the normal development of maxillofacial region, as well as the neatness and health of permanent teeth. For babies, brushing their teeth by themselves is an impossible task, and oral health can only be guarded by parents.
Generally speaking, the first deciduous tooth will begin to erupt at about six months old, and the deciduous teeth will be ready before the age of three. Parents can roughly calculate the number of teeth that the baby should erupt at different times after six months according to the following formula:
Number of teeth erupted (number) = month age (month)-6
Although there are certain rules for the eruption of deciduous teeth, there are great individual differences between different babies. There is no what relationship between earlier or later eruption of teeth. Good protection is the key.
After the baby grows his first tooth, he should brush his teeth. Fluoride toothpaste is recommended. The sooner he starts brushing his teeth, the easier it will be for the baby to accept it.
However, parents should still be reminded that if the baby shows no signs of tusks by the age of one and a half, there may be a real problem and it is recommended to go to the hospital for examination.
2. Can climb, stand and walk
The mastery of crawling, standing and walking is the most remarkable progress in recent months.
Crawling ability usually becomes proficient between 7 and 10 months, as long as the knee point push hard, the baby can move towards the place you want to go. Baby practice crawling more, on the one hand, the baby can independently explore the world around him, on the other hand, the physical exercise also lays the foundation for standing and walking.
Simply let the baby climb, He may be bored after crawling for a while, Don’t want to climb, You can try to put some interesting toys in the place where your baby can almost reach to attract him to climb forward. When the crawling skills are more flexible, you can also use pillows, sofa cushions, etc. to make some crawling routes with obstacles, so that your baby can climb over or beside the obstacles. With these [obstacles], you can play interactive games with your baby to increase the fun of crawling.
However, care should be taken not to leave the baby alone beside these items to prevent the baby from being unable to climb out by himself after falling down, which will not only frighten him, but also risk suffocation.
Be able to stand
Crawling slowly cannot satisfy the baby’s curiosity. He will seize every opportunity to stand up.
However, parents may find that at the beginning of standing, the baby does not seem to know how is sitting down again, and sometimes he will cry for help. This requires parents to personally demonstrate how to bend his knees and let his body slowly fall to the floor instead of falling to the floor.
After learning this skill, the baby will not stand there crying because he cannot sit.
After the baby gradually stands firm, he will hold something and take a few tentative steps, then slowly become [touring]. With the improvement of balance, occasionally he will let go and take a few steps forward by himself.
At the beginning, his feet will shake and even crumble as soon as he relaxes, but most children will walk forward several steps in a short period of time until their parents hold him, and the baby’s pace will become more and more steady with his attempts and exercises.
If your baby is also a toddler, please pay attention to the following details:
- Safety: Make sure that the things the baby is holding have no sharp edges and will not fall down and hit him. There are no things that may cause harm near his walking. Practice more: On the premise that the baby does not feel tired, the baby should be encouraged to practice walking more. Although he may stumble and fall down, or even fall out of bruises, don’t be too nervous about these minor accidents, give the baby a big hug, encourage him to continue practicing, the baby won’t be too sad; Don’t use the walker: the walker will not only affect the normal walking of the child, but also increase the safety risks (such as climbing down steps and scalding). The American Academy of Pediatrics also recommends not to use the walker for the baby. Choose shoes: Babies who are just beginning to walk can actually not wear shoes, Let the baby’s sole firmly fall on the ground, feel the gravity of the body, and directly contact with the ground, which is more conducive to the child’s feeling, learning, coordination and balance. When going out, you can wear shoes with soft soles and soft surfaces, so that the baby’s toes can grasp the ground, which is helpful for the development of plantar nerves, and can help him stand firm and learn to walk better.
3. Boy’s penis will erect,
Some parents may laugh and be surprised to see this title, but it is true.
Baby’s penis erection is the normal reaction when touching sensitive organs, female baby’s clitoris will also erect, but it doesn’t look obvious. This kind of erection sometimes appears when changing diapers, sometimes when bathing, almost all male babies will occasionally have erection, this is a normal phenomenon, don’t need special attention.
4. Screening for anemia
Many parents may not understand why such a small baby has to be tested for anemia (6-9 months for those with lighter birth weight and 9-12 months for others). The child looks very active and healthy.
Under normal circumstances, babies with mild anemia do not have obvious symptoms (pallor, weakness, etc.), and most of them do not have obvious manifestations of what. However, anemia will not only cause the decline of hematopoietic function, but also affect the development of baby’s behavior and cognition, and even cause intellectual damage in serious cases.
Moreover, anemia may also cause the baby’s appetite to decline, affect the baby’s access to iron from food, and cause a vicious circle of iron deficiency-eat less-iron deficiency-eat less.
Only through screening can the abnormal situation of the baby be found, and timely correction can ensure the healthy growth of the baby.
Therefore, parents must not forget to take their babies to screen for anemia in time.
5. Beware of these developmental abnormalities
Every baby has its own growth track, No one can accurately predict that a baby will learn a certain skill when he is in what. All kinds of development assessments are also based on the average changes in the baby’s growth and development, providing a general change in a child’s growth. Therefore, if the baby and the development assessment form are slightly different, parents need not be too nervous.
However, if the baby shows the following signs during the 8-12 month period, it indicates that there may be growth retardation and should consult the pediatrician in time:
- Can’t climb; Dragging one side of the body when crawling (more than 1 month); Can’t hold up; Will not look for things hidden in front of him; Still haven’t said any simple words (such as father and mother); Can’t use body language, such as nodding or shaking head; Do not point out the corresponding object or picture with your hand.
At this time, parents should not be too big-hearted, thinking that when the baby is older, it may not be a problem. Only by looking for a doctor in time can the baby’s condition be clarified.