I believe that from the day of pregnancy, every expectant father and mother are waiting for the birth of the baby in fear and trembling and full of joy. However, if the baby is too anxious and runs out before the day when it should come out, the father and mother are anxious again. The doctor said that the situation is terrible. Will the child’s life be in danger, will he have disability and will he be stupid? This is an unacceptable situation for new parents who have been suffering for several months. But parents must cheer up at this time, because you are the biggest pillar of the baby. I believe that through the joint efforts of you and the medical staff, the baby will surely grow up healthily. What is premature? Babies who are not born at full term are called premature babies. Here, Expected date of delivery and term are two different concepts, Term refers to 37 weeks of pregnancy, the expected date of delivery is generally calculated by 40 weeks of pregnancy, so the baby born before the expected date of delivery is not necessarily premature. The baby came out without enough months in the mother’s belly, and the development may not be mature. It is not ready to see the world and there will be a series of problems. How to nurse the premature baby? This refers to home care after discharge. Food is the most important thing for the people. The same is true of babies, The most important thing is feeding. Breastfeeding is the first choice. Not only is it more reasonable to provide nutrition for the baby, At the same time, it can prevent the occurrence of neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis. If there is no breast milk or breast milk is insufficient, You can choose the right formula to feed under the guidance of your doctor. There is also a need to prevent infection. The immune system of premature infants is not well developed, More susceptible to infection. Change diapers for your baby and wash your hands before and after feeding. Try to avoid too many people visiting your baby. In particular, don’t touch and kiss, It is easy to cross-infect. At the same time, it is also necessary to pay attention to the Not too cold or too hot. Under the same circumstances, Wear 2 more single clothes than adults, Parents can touch their children’s hands, feet, limbs, It is better to be warm without sweating. Premature infants may have dysplasia of hearing and eyes, Moreover, oxygen inhalation during hospitalization may increase the risk of retinopathy in premature infants. Therefore, according to the doctor’s guidance, Hearing and fundus tests. According to the investigation, About 5% of premature babies will suffer from backward motor skills (such as looking up, sitting alone, crawling and walking) during their growth and development. They may also suffer from mental retardation, hyperactivity, inflexibility, speech, slow articulation, inattention and other manifestations. However, if early intervention is carried out, It can restore intelligence and motor skills to the greatest extent. Timely follow-up is helpful for parents. Early detection of brain dysplasia, And timely intervention is the key. Parents must grasp the 9 follow-up opportunities of the baby within 6 years old after the baby is discharged from hospital. They are: 1 month old, 3 months old, 6 months old, 9 months old, 1 year old, 1.5 years old, 2 years old, 3-4 years old and 5-6 years old. Follow-up is actually to give the baby physical examination, and 1 month old and 3 months old are mainly to see if the baby has serious neurodevelopmental disorders. The age of 6, 9 and 12 months is mainly to evaluate whether the baby’s athletic ability lags behind other babies. 1.5 years old mainly evaluates whether children’s language ability and coordination ability are normal; The second year of age is mainly to evaluate the overall development level of children. The last two were the development evaluation before entering kindergarten and primary school respectively. How to find cerebral palsy babies at an early stage? Cerebral palsy refers to brain damage or developmental defects that lead to dyskinesia and postural abnormalities in early development. At the same time, it may also be accompanied by mental retardation, epilepsy, etc. Early detection of cerebral palsy, It is very important for premature babies to take timely intervention measures. General Movements, GMs) and regular follow-up system are useful for early detection of cerebral palsy, As well as mental retardation and other effective tools that affect children’s brain development. GMS screening is generally suitable for counting from the expected date of delivery. All high-risk infants under the age of 5 months. According to the performance of the baby during the follow-up, the baby’s age can be used to judge whether the baby has the risk of disability and whether rehabilitation training is needed. Follow-up will continue even if the first assessment is normal! Children are growing and developing, Each developmental stage needs to accomplish different developmental goals, Many problems are emerging gradually. As mentioned earlier, The focus of each follow-up is also different, Therefore, babies with normal results of the first follow-up should also be followed up afterwards. Don’t be too sad if the follow-up results are abnormal. That doesn’t necessarily mean the baby will be disabled or stupid. After each follow-up, Rehabilitation doctors and therapists will work together to make plans according to the actual situation of the baby. Through a one-to-one demonstration operation, Instruct parents to carry out early family intervention suitable for their children’s characteristics, To the greatest extent to promote children’s intellectual development and social adaptability in adulthood. This early intervention, It can obviously promote the development of baby’s sports, intelligence and parent-child relationship. It will significantly improve the quality of life for children and families. As parents, we must try our best to cooperate with doctors. Although premature babies are not ready when they come to this world, they can also grow up healthily through the meticulous care of parents and the help of professional doctors.