It is easy to turn into the corner pharmacy to buy a box of contraceptives, but it is not that simple to start taking contraceptives.
Any responsible man cannot turn a blind eye to women’s worries about contraceptives.
So, how should contraceptives be taken safest?
First, short-term, long-term and urgent, which one do you eat?
1. Short-acting contraceptives
The success rate is 99%, and the medicine needs to be taken regularly. If one tablet is missed, one tablet needs to be taken within 12 hours.
Common commodities include: deoxygestenethinylestradiol tablets, levonorgestrel ethinylestradiol tablets, drospirone ethinylestradiol tablets, compound norethindrone, compound megestrol, compound levonorgestrel tablets, etc.
How to take it: the instructions will be clearly written, starting from the day of menstruation, even taking it for several days, each medicine is different, so you must read the instructions clearly. If you accidentally lose the instructions and don’t remember them, then check them with the family medicine App.
In short, remember to take it regularly.
2. Long-acting contraceptives
The success rate is 98%, contraindications to taking medicine must be strictly excluded, and regular hospital examination must be carried out during taking medicine.
Common commodities include: levonorgestrel ethinylestradiol tablets, compound ethinylestradione long-acting contraceptive tablets, etc.
How to take it: Generally, when taking it, one tablet can be taken on the 5th and 25th days of menstruation, and one tablet can be taken on the 25th day of menstruation every month. Please check the instructions for details.
3. Emergency Contraceptives
The success rate is 97%, which is not used as a routine contraceptive method, but only as a remedial measure. It is mainly applicable to cases where contraceptive methods are not used, are not used correctly, or are used correctly, but contraceptive failure is found at that time.
Common commodities include levonorgestrel tablets, mifepristone, etc.
Administration method: Generally, the first tablet is required to be taken within 72 hours. Please refer to the drug instructions for details.
Second, will drug contraception leave some long-term hidden dangers to the body?
The most commonly used contraceptive method for Western women is the contraceptive pill.
A large number of studies abroad show that long-term use of contraceptives is safe, effective and has few side effects, and can treat gynecological diseases.
In addition, studies have found that contraceptives have preventive effects on ovarian cancer and endometrial cancer, and the incidence rate of rectal cancer and colon cancer among women who use contraceptives has also decreased by 20% ~ 50%.
Can emergency contraceptives be used frequently?
Although there is currently no known risk of repeated use of emergency contraception, emergency contraception is not recommended as a conventional contraceptive method.
First of all, the contraceptive effect is not good. Second, there will be adverse reactions including menstrual changes, nausea, headache, abdominal pain, breast distending pain, vertigo and fatigue, but they can usually be relieved within a few days.
4. Does oral contraceptives affect fertility?
Professor Cheng Linan pointed out in his report < < Long-term Safety of Compound Oral Contraceptives > > at the 2011 Chinese Academic Conference on Obstetrics and Gynecology that oral contraceptives [can be pregnancy-induced after withdrawal, and need not be withdrawn for 3 to 6 months]; [No obvious teratogenicity, no correlation with birth defects].
For the sake of good prenatal and postnatal care, the general opinion is that pregnancy is safe six months after drug withdrawal.
Five, emergency contraception failure, children can want it?
The article “Guidelines for Administration and Service of Emergency Contraceptives” published in the “Chinese Journal of General Practitioners” points out that pregnancy may occur due to failure after taking emergency contraceptives. It is possible that women are pregnant before taking the drugs, or unprotected sex may occur again after taking the drugs and pregnancy may occur.
It must be pointed out that at present, no adverse effects of emergency contraception on pregnancy have been found.
If a woman discovers pregnancy after taking the emergency contraception, whether she decides to continue the pregnancy or terminate the pregnancy, she does not need to seek any special treatment because she has taken the emergency contraception.
Six, which drugs can’t be taken with contraceptives?
1. Rifampicin: It can accelerate the metabolism of contraceptives and reduce the drug concentration in blood.
2. Sleeping pills: It will also accelerate the metabolism of contraceptives.
3. Antibiotics: It can inhibit intestinal bacterial groups, thus affecting the absorption of contraceptives.
4. Regular drinking and smoking: It can also increase drug metabolism and reduce the effect of contraceptives.
These drugs will affect the effect of contraceptives, thus leading to contraceptive failure.
Seven, emergency contraceptives should be used in what?
There is currently no data available on the longest duration of contraceptive effect after taking emergency contraceptives.
It is estimated that the contraceptive effect of taking medicine immediately before sex is the same as that of taking medicine immediately after sex.
However, if women can choose other contraceptive methods other than emergency contraceptives before sex, such as condoms or other barrier contraceptive methods, they should be recommended to use other contraceptive methods.
Eight, don’t want to take contraceptives, are there any other contraceptive methods?
Condoms, uterine caps, intrauterine devices, etc., choose the one that suits you.
Don’t believe that what’s safety period calculation, coitus interruptus and flushing afterwards are absolutely unreliable methods.