Coronary heart disease is mainly caused by atherosclerosis in coronary artery. Coronary artery is the blood vessel supplying blood to the heart. If atherosclerotic plaque occurs, the elasticity of blood vessel decreases, and stenosis or obstruction is easy to occur, which may cause insufficient blood supply to the heart, angina pectoris, myocardial infarction and even cardiac arrest at any time, eventually leading to death.
For those patients who have already suffered from angina pectoris or myocardial infarction, how to prevent recurrence becomes very important.
At this point, doctors have a good set of prevention secrets, according to the English abbreviation, can be summarized into ABCDE five, just like human hands. Today, I will teach this secret to you, so that you can easily understand the medicine prescribed by the doctor and what the advice is.
Mainly refers to two drugs, such as thumb, have an important position.
Aspirin can inhibit platelet aggregation and prevent thrombosis. After coronary atherosclerosis, the surface of blood vessels becomes rough, and platelets in blood are easy to gather in rough places to form thrombosis and cause myocardial infarction. Aspirin, as a common drug taken by patients with coronary heart disease, can prevent platelet aggregation, prevent thrombosis and reduce the risk of myocardial infarction.
Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor or angiotensin receptor inhibitor (ACEI/ARB)
The former has representative drugs such as bellapril and peridopril, while the latter has representative drugs such as valsartan and losartan.
When there are coronary heart disease, hypertension and other diseases, the heart structure is easy to change and affect the heart function. This drug can reduce the deformation of the heart and prolong the life of patients with coronary heart disease. Taking bellapril may cause cough, and then sartan and other drugs can be used instead.
Such as a person’s index finger, need to persist for a long time, not relax.
Representative drugs include betaloc, etc. This drug can help control blood pressure, control heart rate, dilate coronary vessels, improve cardiac ischemia in many ways, and effectively prevent angina pectoris attacks.
The importance of controlling hypertension to the prevention and treatment of coronary heart disease is well known. Generally speaking, the blood pressure of patients with coronary heart disease should be controlled below 130/85 mmHg, which can reduce the occurrence of angina pectoris and myocardial infarction.
Like a person’s middle finger, perseverance requires hard work.
High cholesterol is an important risk factor for coronary heart disease.
On the basis of healthy diet, patients with coronary heart disease should also take lipid-lowering drugs. Representative drugs include simvastatin and atorvastatin, which can not only reduce blood lipid, but also maintain the stability of atherosclerotic plaque.
After the cholesterol of patients with myocardial infarction is normal, it is also recommended to take lipid-lowering drugs, which can reduce the risk of myocardial infarction again. (For more information, please click: Importance of Reducing Blood Lipid for Patients with Coronary Heart Disease)
Quit smoking (Cigarettes)
Smoking not only affects the health of the lung, but also seriously damages blood vessels, causing platelet aggregation and lipid deposition, thus blocking blood vessels and affecting the health of the entire cardiovascular system.
For example, the ring finger, although nameless, is harmful and must be treated seriously for a long time.
Diet control (Diet)
Avoid overfullness in each meal and avoid high-fat and high-salt diets to reduce the burden on the heart.
Advocate a light diet, eat more fresh vegetables and fruits, ensure balanced nutrition, eat less and eat more.
Treatment of Diabetes Mellitus (Diabetes)
Diabetes is not only an important cause of dyslipidemia. At the same time, hyperglycemia can also lead to vascular diseases. Under the same conditions, the prevalence rate of coronary heart disease in diabetic patients is 2-5 times higher than that in normal blood sugar patients. Thus, how important it is to control diabetes for coronary heart disease patients.
For example, the little finger seems to be optional. Once something goes wrong, it will also make you suffer, so you must not relax.
Under the guidance of doctors, patients with coronary heart disease can take part in physical exercise appropriately according to their own conditions. Obese patients need to lose weight. This can not only enhance their physique, but also is an important measure to reduce the recurrence of myocardial infarction of coronary heart disease. Exercise time is seven days a week (at least five days a week), about 30-60 minutes of medium-intensity exercise, such as general housework, fast walking, tai chi, etc.
We must look at the guidance of professional doctors, go to regular hospitals for consultation, and master more reliable health knowledge.
To teach everyone this secret is to ensure that all patients with coronary heart disease can protect their hearts and live a healthy life with the help of professional doctors.
This article is authorized and published by the Science Popularization Branch of the Chinese Medical Association, and is the entry of the 2nd National Science Popularization Ability Competition for Medicine.