Statistics from the Red Cross Society of China show that, Every year, about 400,000 people die abnormally in medical damage incidents in our country. Four times the number of people killed in traffic accidents. Among them, A large part of the cause of death is unsafe medication. Not following the doctor’s advice, not following the instructions, blind medication and other seemingly insignificant medication errors, It may damage public health and even cause family tragedies of disability and death. In response to the widespread problem of safe drug use among the public, the China Food and Drug Administration will fully launch the 2014 [National Safe Drug Use Month] from September 1 to October 31.
In the question bank of last year’s Safety Month [Drug Safety Network Knowledge Contest], only 11% of the 1.7 million contestants were able to answer all 10 questions correctly, and 90% of the people knew little about the common sense of self-medication, drug purchase and storage, and drug taboos. Among them, the high error rate was: neonatal antibiotic allergy, which could cause severe deafness; Abuse of antibiotics by pregnant women can cause severe teratogenesis. Taking medicine after drinking can seriously cause death. Relying on drugs to lose weight can seriously cause deep coma. The time of taking medicine is not exquisite, which can seriously cause digestive tract diseases. Life-saving drugs such as nitroglycerin become ineffective regardless of the shelf life. Milk medication hinders drug absorption; Over-the-counter drugs are marked with green dividends, The China Association for Science and Technology has conducted a survey on the safety of drug use among urban and rural residents in 27 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) across the country. It was found that 87% of the interviewees had had self-medication experience, 69% did not understand the drug instructions, 36% had made mistakes in self-medication, Of these, 26% said that treatment was delayed as a result. The problem of safe medication for the elderly will become more and more prominent. This year’s Safety Month will focus on special groups such as the elderly and children. In response, Zhou Xiaoqing explained: Due to the decline of the body’s ability to absorb, distribute and metabolize drugs, Therefore, the adverse reaction rate is 2-3 times higher than that of young people. Statistics show that, The middle-aged and elderly people in China suffer from an average of 3.1 diseases. Some even suffer from 5-6 diseases, Take the appropriate medication for each disease, Some patients even took more than 20 kinds of drugs, Multiple drugs may interfere with each other, Not only does it affect the curative effect, At present, China has enter a period of rapid development of aging, The total number of elderly people in the country exceeded 200 million, The problem of safe medication for the elderly is bound to become more and more prominent. The problem of safe medication for children with acquired deafness caused by drug abuse is even more prominent. Data from the 2013 National Adverse Drug Reaction Monitoring Report show that, 10.6 percent were children under that age of 14, The younger the child, The more serious the adverse drug reactions are. According to the data from the Southern Institute of Pharmaceutical Economics [Survey on Safe Drug Use for Children], The proportion of irrational drug use in pediatrics is as high as 12%-32%, the incidence rate of adverse drug reactions in children is about 12.9%, and that in newborns is as high as 24.4%. For example, abuse and misuse of ototoxic drugs are the main causes of acquired deafness in children. The number of deafness caused by irrational use of antibiotics in children under 7 years old in China is as high as 300,000, accounting for 30%-40% of the total number of deaf-mute children. You must know this [taking medicine] knowledge! 1. Rational drug use refers to the safe, effective and economical use of drugs. Priority to the use of essential drugs is an important measure for rational drug use. Irrational drug use will affect health and even endanger life. 2. Drug use should follow the principle of not using it if it can be used, not using it if it can be used less; Can be taken orally but not intramuscularly, The principle of intramuscular injection without infusion. 3. To buy drugs, one must go to legal medical institutions and social pharmacies. Pay attention to distinguish between prescription drugs and over-the-counter drugs, Prescription drugs must be purchased with the prescription of a licensed physician. 4. Reading the drug instructions is a prerequisite for correct medication. Special attention should be paid to drug taboos, caution, precautions, adverse reactions and drug interactions. If you have any questions, you should consult a pharmacist or doctor in time. 5. Prescription drugs should strictly follow the doctor’s advice. Do not use without authorization. In particular, antibacterial drugs and hormone drugs cannot be adjusted or stopped by themselves. 6. Any drug has adverse reactions, and long-term and large-scale use of over-the-counter drugs will also lead to adverse consequences. If there is discomfort during medication, consult a doctor or pharmacist in time. 7. Pregnant and lactation women should pay attention to taboos in medication. Children, the elderly and patients with liver, kidney and other diseases should be cautious in taking drugs and pay attention to observation after taking drugs. Special professionals engaged in driving, aerial work and other special professions should pay attention to the impact of drugs on their work. 8. Drugs should be stored scientifically and properly to prevent drug deterioration or failure due to improper storage; Beware of contact with children and persons with mental disorders, Once taken or used by mistake, Bring drugs and packages to see a doctor in time. 9. Vaccination is the most effective and economical measure to prevent some infectious diseases. The state provides a type of vaccine free of charge. The second type of vaccine refers to other vaccines that citizens receive voluntarily at their own expense. It is not that the second type of vaccine does not require vaccination. The public can choose to receive the second type of vaccine according to their economic situation and individual physical quality. 10. Health food cannot replace drugs.