Cancer is now the number one killer of human health. Despite the rapid development of modern medicine, the war against cancer continues.
Colorectal cancer (colon and rectum are adjacent, and the two tumors have a lot in common, so they are collectively called) is a malignant tumor with a high incidence rate. It can be ranked second in the United States and firmly in the top five in China, and it is increasing year by year.
We are familiar with Wang Junyao and Yang Dechang who all died of colon cancer. We need to use our brains well and hope to win the war against colorectal cancer.
Early detection is more important than prevention and treatment.
[Disease Prevention] is the best way to deal with all diseases.
For colorectal cancer, there are some basic preventive measures. It is recommended to eat more foods with high dietary fiber, exercise more, maintain good defecation habits, etc. It is also recommended not to be overweight, drink less and eat less processed meat.
However, at present, in terms of cancer prevention, there is no particularly clear and targeted method to prevent cancer except that HPV vaccine is expected to eliminate cervical cancer.
The same is true for treatment. Although there are many methods such as surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy and targeted therapy, the final effect is not as great as expected. Even in the United States, the 5-year survival rate for advanced colorectal cancer is less than 20%.
So the most important thing is to find out early!
Since we can’t control the tumor at the head and tail, let’s find seven inches. This seven inches is to find the tumor as soon as possible.
If it can be found early, the effect of early colorectal cancer treatment is very good, and the 5-year survival rate is 90%, which is quite different from the 20% previously mentioned for advanced colorectal cancer.
Early Detection of Colorectal Cancer in how?
Colorectal cancer has some clear characteristics, which can help us to achieve early detection:
1. Do a colonoscopy and you can check it.
Since the human intestinal tract is connected with the outside world through the anus, doctors can directly observe the situation inside the colorectum through colonoscopy, thus minimizing diagnostic errors and missed diagnosis.
2. It may be just a colorectal polyp at first.
Almost all colorectal cancer evolves from colorectal polyps. If colonoscopy is found to be a colorectal polyp, doctors can treat it as soon as possible, which can achieve the purpose of removing malignant tumors.
Although not all colorectal polyps will become tumors, they are usually found through colonoscopy and removed by doctors.
3. It takes a long time to change from polyp to cancer.
It takes more than 10 years for most colorectal polyps to turn into colorectal cancer. During this period, doctors have enough time to find polyps, provided, of course, that you have to let doctors find them.
4. There may be some changes in defecation
If there are some: defecation habits have changed, such as those that were good before, and constipation and diarrhea have suddenly started recently; Or stool has become thinner, thinner and other changes, even obvious abdominal pain and so on, please see a doctor in time for examination.
Therefore, we must carry out systematic physical examination for colorectal cancer. This can minimize the risk. According to US statistics, standardized screening physical examination can reduce the tragedy of colorectal cancer death by another 60%.
Okay, that’s the end of our colon cancer story today.
Wait, are you done?
Yes, they have already told you to go to the screening and physical examination.
Is that enough? I still don’t know what. How old should I be for colonoscopy? I am fatter than Lao Wang next door, and my father is also suffering from colon cancer. Do I have to have colonoscopy at the same age as Lao Wang? I’ll finish this time and do it next time in what. Do you not need colonoscopy when you check the occult blood in your stool at ordinary times? This colonoscopy found 3 colonic adenomatous polyps. How often should colonoscopy be performed after treatment? … …
Yes, a simple [colonoscopy screening physical examination] does not solve all the problems.
It is even more necessary to have a customized screening and physical examination for everyone.
After all, people are very different, everyone has their own different situations. Sometimes it is difficult to apply a template as a screening standard. Therefore, we give a warning to two special groups of people, hoping to attract attention.
1. Someone in the family has colorectal cancer.
Chen Luyun, a former women’s basketball player who died of colon cancer years ago, was less than 40 years old when she died. The news mentioned that her mother and brother had both died of colon cancer. Maybe you will think she is very poor, but in my opinion, they may be a special type of colorectal cancer-Lynch syndrome, a hereditary colorectal cancer.
People with this disease suffer from colon cancer when they are relatively young. They may have no colon polyps or have polyps, which will lead to malignant transformation in a very short period of time.
Lynch’s syndrome accounts for about 5% ~ 10% of the total number of colorectal cancer. Obviously, for this group of people, we cannot apply the basic requirements and let them go to the age of 50 to have colonoscopy examined, then what is late.
2. Ulcerative colitis
Patients with this disease will often have diarrhea, and the excreted stool will have mucus, pus and blood, which will recur and not be good for many years.
Patients with ulcerative colitis have a higher risk of colorectal cancer than the average person. Doctors will also advise them to have colonoscopy at least once every 2 years. In case problems are found, they can be treated in time.
In addition to these two situations, people who find problems during colonoscopy for the first time also need to increase the frequency of reexamination.
Therefore, to best deal with colorectal cancer, the most powerful weapon is personalized screening physical examination. Not only should we know how to do what examination, but also we need to know when to do it in what. Not only colorectal cancer, but also other malignant tumors cannot be separated from this principle.
I hope everyone can first establish my awareness of physical examination, and then have the opportunity to enjoy personalized physical examination and screening under the guidance of doctors. In the war against malignant tumors, we cannot win every battle, but please polish your sword and attack with the most handsome style.
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