Parkinson’s disease is what?
Parkinson ‘s disease is a chronic neurodegenerative disorder of the central nervous system, First discovered by British doctor James Parkinson, The main symptoms he observed at that time included slow movement, muscle rigidity, resting tremor and balance disorders. This is completely consistent with the clinical manifestations of Parkinson’s disease we described today. In memory of this doctor, In 1997, The European Parkinson’s Federation (EPDA) designated his birthday April 11 as World Parkinson’s Day. Today is the 19th World Parkinson’s Day. Dr. Clove hopes that through this article, Let more people know more about the disease. Many people often confuse Parkinson’s disease with Alzheimer’s disease (commonly known as Alzheimer’s disease). In fact, these two diseases are different. Although both diseases are neurodegenerative diseases, The majority of the sick people are the elderly, Dementia symptoms may also occur in the late stage, However, the pathology, clinical manifestations and treatment methods of the two diseases are different. Simply put, Parkinson’s disease is characterized by motor disorders in the early stage, while Alzheimer’s disease is generally characterized by memory disorders in the first place. In addition, unlike Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease is a fatal disease. Why do you get Parkinson’s disease? At present, among the elderly over 65 years old, The incidence of Parkinson’s disease is about 1.7%, Some famous people we know are also deeply or have been deeply troubled by the disease. Such as Chen Jingrun, Robin Williams and Muhammad Ali. The exact cause of Parkinson’s disease is still unclear in the medical field. Genetic factors, environmental pollution and trauma, Both may cause Parkinson’s disease. Studies of neuroanatomy and neuropathology show that, Progressive degeneration and loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra and basal ganglia of the brain lead to dopamine transmitter production disorder and imbalance between dopamine and cholinergic systems, which is the most important pathological feature of Parkinson’s disease. What symptoms will Parkinson’s disease have? As mentioned above, Dr. James Parkinson has basically described the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease: slow movement, muscle rigidity, resting tremor and balance disorder, which are the four typical symptoms of Parkinson’s disease patients. Are these four typical symptoms how? The following figure shows the Parkinson’s disease patients depicted in 1888 < < Handbook of Nervous System Diseases > >, which is about the following: rickets on the upper body, slight flexion of knees, expressionless face and drooling at the corners of the mouth; Both hands have been doing similar counting of money. The closer they get to the objects they want to touch, the more severe their hands tremble. Walking in small steps, The hand on crutches will shake incessantly. Parkinson’s patients may also have some mental symptoms. Such as anxiety, depression, sleep disorders, etc. In addition, Some very subtle symptoms may also be manifestations of Parkinson’s disease, Such as constipation, lighter voice, smaller and smaller writing and abnormal sense of smell. There is no symptom that can diagnose a person with Parkinson’s disease. If you have one or more of the above symptoms, Please go to the hospital in time for detailed examination. Neurologists will determine whether your symptoms are related to Parkinson’s disease. Early diagnosis is very important for any disease, including Parkinson’s disease. According to estimates by the National Parkinson’s Foundation, 6,400 patients will be saved from death every year if treated in time. The how treatment? According to the investigation of Parkinson’s disease and dyskinesia group of the Neurology Credit Association of the Chinese Medical Association, Chinese people’s understanding of Parkinson’s disease needs to be strengthened urgently. Although there is no specific drug for Parkinson’s disease at present, early treatment can significantly improve the quality of life of patients. Nearly 80% of the patients did not know about Parkinson’s disease before they arrived at the hospital. 65% of the patients, I don’t see a doctor in the hospital until the symptoms affect my life. At present, The treatment of Parkinson’s disease is generally drug therapy, The main purpose is to improve the patient’s symptoms. Neurologists will make comprehensive considerations according to the patient’s age, whether he has cognitive impairment, whether he has non-motor symptoms, Then work out a somatic treatment plan. As mentioned above, Parkinson’s disease itself is not a fatal disease, But many of its symptoms can affect or even seriously affect normal life, Early treatment can significantly improve the quality of life of patients. Last but not least, The current treatment can only alleviate the symptoms of patients, It does not delay the development of Parkinson’s disease. At present, there is not enough clinical evidence to show that stem cell therapy and some traditional herbs have definite effects on Parkinson’s disease. All treatments under the guise of [curing Parkinson’s disease] are deceptive. Please don’t believe these non-mainstream treatments. If you or your family have symptoms related to Parkinson’s disease, seek help from a doctor as soon as possible.