Let’s take a look at the health reminders of doctors in various departments.
Department of Cardiology
Less salt should be added to the dishes, and less pickled food and processed foods such as luncheon meat, sausage and beef jerky should be eaten.
In short, reduce sodium intake.
This is good for controlling blood pressure and can ensure cardiovascular health to the greatest extent.
If this occurs:
- One limb is numb and inconvenient to move. Skewed spat; Speak inarticulate; Dizziness and headache; Sleepy, difficult to wake up; Even severe vomiting, general convulsions, incontinence, etc.
It is likely to be a sign of stroke. Go to the hospital for examination and treatment in time. Don’t delay the time.
Patients with type 2 diabetes who take oral hypoglycemic drugs need to monitor their blood sugar 2-4 times a week on an empty stomach or 2 hours after meals.
For those who use basic insulin, fasting blood glucose needs to be monitored every day.
For premixed insulin, fasting blood glucose and blood glucose before and after dinner need to be monitored.
Department of Osteoarthrosis
If the knee joint is not injured and the joint stability is good, it is possible to climb stairs occasionally. However, it is not recommended to use climbing stairs or mountains for weight loss or cardiopulmonary endurance training.
Friends who are overweight or older and already have knee joint pain should avoid climbing stairs as much as possible to reduce the knee burden.
Department of Respiratory Medicine
In addition to causing respiratory diseases such as lung cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, smoking will also seriously damage the health of other systems and organs.
There is no good in all harm. Quit smoking!
Consider taking calcium from food first.
If the calcium supply in the diet is insufficient or the calcium deficiency is obvious, then consider using calcium nutrition to supplement calcium.
The recommended daily calcium intake for adults in China is 800 mg.
If you drink more than 300ml of milk every day, you can eat more than 1kg of dark green vegetables, and if you cooperate with other daily diets, you can reach the recommended amount without taking extra calcium tablets.
Department of Gastroenterology
Keep three meals regular, don’t wait until your hungry stomach feels uncomfortable before eating, and don’t eat until you support yourself at one time.
Diet rules, gastrointestinal movement can be coordinated, function can maintain normal.
When eating, remember to chew and swallow slowly to reduce the gastrointestinal burden.
Controlling body weight and blood lipid level can reverse [fatty liver] to a certain extent.
If it is still mild to moderate, a balanced diet with low sugar and low fat is recommended to ensure moderate intensity aerobic exercise of not less than half an hour more than 4 times a week.
Bananas and honey cannot improve constipation.
First try eating more fruits and vegetables and coarse grains, increasing dietary fiber in food, and exercising moderately to see if it can improve. Lubricants such as Kaisailu can be used to help defecate at an appropriate time.
If there has been no change, it is recommended to ask the doctor for help in time.
For friends who do not have kidney diseases, they should form a good habit of drinking more water.
It is recommended to drink 1.5 ~ 2 liters of water every day. This is a kind of protection for the kidney.
Friends with high uric acid are even more advised to drink more than 2 liters of water every day.
Early detection of colon cancer can increase the 5-year survival rate of cancer patients to 90%.
It is suggested that ordinary people over 50 years old, both men and women, should screen colon cancer through digital rectal examination and colonoscopy. If no problem is found, colonoscopy can be performed every 10 years or so in the future.
High-risk groups are recommended to start screening for colorectal cancer around the age of 40 and review it every 3-5 years.
Prostatic hyperplasia is one of the most common diseases in middle-aged and elderly men, and its incidence rate increases with age.
Mild prostatic hyperplasia may not affect daily life. Attention should be paid to changes in urination and regular reexamination.
If symptoms such as frequent micturition, urgent micturition and dysuria occur, drugs can be used to relieve them first under the guidance of doctors. When the quality of life is obviously affected, surgery can be selected.
It is suggested to have a comprehensive gynecological examination every year.
- Non-menstrual hemorrhage, even a small amount of punctate hemorrhage; Vaginal bleeding or pain after sex; The amount of menstruation is obviously increased or the bleeding time is obviously prolonged. Vaginal bleeding after menopause; Abnormal vaginal secretions.
It is suggested to seek medical treatment in time to make it clear whether these conditions are caused by the fluctuation of climacteric hormone secretion. And under the guidance of doctors, properly handle.
Nail and breast surgery
Don’t be too anxious after finding thyroid nodules. Doctors will judge benign and malignant according to the examination results.
According to some clinical investigation reports, 95% of thyroid nodules found are benign lesions. Remember to review regularly.
If it is malignant, the prognosis is good if it is treated regularly in time.
Middle-aged and elderly friends should not be unable to eat health care products, but should first correctly understand their physical condition, scientifically treat existing diseases and form good living habits.
Health care products can be used as an aid, but they cannot be relied on alone, let alone delayed formal treatment because of health care products.
When buying, remember to identify the Tactical Unit logo. Do not buy health products without this logo!
Sore throat, diarrhea and toothache are not necessarily [inflammation]. Do not take amoxicillin, norfloxacin, metronidazole and other [anti-inflammatory drugs] by yourself.
However, antihypertensive and hypoglycemic drugs should be taken on time and in quantity according to the doctor’s instructions, and should not be stopped at will.
- Reasonable use of humidifiers to improve environmental humidity; Pay attention to sun protection; Get rid of the habit of free hot compress; Choose mild soap instead of alkaline soap; Use skin care products that moisturize and moisturize.
It can relieve the problems of dry skin and pruritus often encountered by middle-aged and elderly friends.
As one gets older, the physiological regulation function of the eyes decreases and presbyopia will occur.
It is good for eyes to improve the brightness of the environment, turn up the font of the mobile phone, and avoid reading books and watching TV continuously for a long time.
It is suggested to go to a regular medical institution for optometry and match a pair of suitable presbyopic glasses.
Department of Stomatology
It is best to wash your teeth every six months to one year.
On the one hand, it can ensure oral cavity cleanliness; On the other hand, it can remove tartar, which is conducive to healthy gums and stable teeth.
What all doctors do not want to see is that everyone is irresponsible for their own health, continues to have bad living habits, does not check up on time, and does not seek medical treatment in time when they are ill. Instead, they go to look for folk remedies and earthworks.
Treating diseases is a complicated process, and professional things are still left to professional people to do.
I hope you will remember the advice of doctors in various departments and take good care of your body for a long time.