There are some women who have developed a lot of acne, are overweight, have irregular menstruation, and cannot conceive children for a long time after marriage.
These symptoms seem unrelated, but behind them there may be a common disease leading to infertility-polycystic ovary syndrome.
Be careful if you have these symptoms for a long time.
1. Irregular menstruation
Most patients with polycystic ovary syndrome will show a small amount of menstruation, which only comes once a few months. In a few cases, the amount of menstruation may be excessive.
Step 2: Keep growing acne
Clearly grown up for a long time, the face is constantly developing acne, even spreading to the back and chest. Small pustules may grow under armpits, breasts or groins, and sometimes have strange smell.
3. Excessive body hair
Too much body hair, black and thick, is distributed in the central part of the body, such as between the breasts, around the navel, groin, inner thigh and back.
Step 4: Appetite increases
After meals, I still have a strong appetite and always want to eat sweets.
5. Unexplained obesity
In a few months, I gained 5 ~ 10 kg of weight, but I can’t find any obvious reason. If most of the fat parts are concentrated in the abdomen or the center of the body, more attention should be paid to them.
No contraceptive measures have been taken, and no pregnancy has occurred after at least one year of normal sex life, which may be ovulation disorder caused by polycystic ovary syndrome.
7. Recurrent abortion
High androgen or insulin levels caused by polycystic ovary syndrome may lead to an increased risk of abortion in women.
How to treat polycystic ovary syndrome?
1. Early detection and treatment
If you have one or more of the above symptoms, you need to pay attention and see a doctor as soon as possible.
2. Repeated visits are required to confirm
It is important to remind everyone that polycystic ovary syndrome is an [exclusive disease], that is, polycystic ovary syndrome can only be diagnosed if other diseases that may cause similar symptoms are excluded. Therefore, most patients need multiple visits before formal diagnosis.
3. Adhere to regular treatment
Since polycystic ovary syndrome is an endocrine disease, endocrine therapy is the main treatment. Treatment includes:
- Adjust the menstrual cycle
Using short-acting oral contraceptives under the guidance of doctors and taking them periodically for 3-6 months can not only restore the menstrual cycle, but also effectively inhibit hair growth and acne, and prevent endometrial hyperplasia from developing to canceration.
- Lower androgen levels
Generally, oral short-acting contraceptives are also used. The preferred drug is compound cyproterone acetate, which is often referred to as [Diane-35].
- Improve insulin resistance
Metformin can be used for patients with insulin resistance symptoms such as obesity and overappetite of unknown causes.
- Promoting ovulation and restoring fertility
Ovulation induction therapy is suitable for people with fertility requirements, and clomiphene is generally preferred. If it is ineffective, gonadotropin, laparoscopic ovarian drilling and [test tube baby] can also be used.
Step 4: Adjust your lifestyle
Patients with polycystic ovary syndrome should adjust their diet to prevent excessive calorie intake, achieve meat and vegetable collocation and diversification, and avoid excessive or insufficient nutrition. At the same time, we must adhere to physical exercise and control weight.
Treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome is a long-term process. We should believe in the judgment of doctors in regular hospitals, actively cooperate with treatment, and have enough patience to recover smoothly and conceive a baby.