Obstetricians and gynecologists tell you: What about anemia in pregnant women

If pregnant women often suffer from pale complexion, dizziness, fatigue, palpitation, shortness of breath, vertigo, dry mouth and tongue, abdominal distension, diarrhea and other related symptoms during pregnancy, Be careful, Need to consider the possibility of anemia during pregnancy. Especially for pregnant women with serious reaction, multiple births, pregnancy again and shorter intervals, the above situation is more likely to occur. Obviously, anemia in pregnant women will have some impact on the development of the fetus, otherwise it will not be specially explained to you. Can anemia during pregnancy be treated? Can it be prevented? Next, let’s talk about these problems. Why are pregnant women prone to anemia? Pregnancy is not a simple job. In order to adapt to pregnancy and allow the fetus to grow healthily in the womb, Pregnant women will experience changes such as increased blood volume and increased demand for iron. At the same time, A series of symptoms and manifestations during pregnancy will prevent pregnant women from getting enough iron in time. For example, pregnancy vomiting, anorexia, digestive tract diseases, etc. Not all of these conditions will occur, But it points to one result, It is anemia. These conditions will lead to a decrease in the intake and absorption of iron, folic acid, vitamins and other nutrients. When hemoglobin is lower than 110 g/L, Is anemia, If less than 60 g/L, Is severe anemia [1]. Symptoms of anemia during pregnancy Mild anemia basically has no obvious symptoms. Only from the examination results can see anemia, In theory, iron supplements, folic acid and vitamins should be started at this time. The earliest symptoms are fatigue, drowsiness and general weakness. Then there will be pale face, skin and mucous membrane, It is mainly judged by the condition of lips and eyelids. Some pregnant women will also suffer from headache, dizziness, distraction and digestive tract dysfunction. Severe anemia will cause some heart and respiratory problems at this time. Such as palpitation, tachycardia, dyspnea, etc. At this time, we should see a doctor in time and treat it as soon as possible. Because if it continues to develop to extremely severe anemia, it will be life-threatening. Influence of Anemia on Fetus during Pregnancy Pregnant women will not affect the fetus at the stage of mild anemia. Just see a doctor in time and don’t let anemia continue. However, Severe anemia can have irreversible effects. First, in the circulatory system, Can’t supply enough oxygen to the placenta, Causing placental degeneration, hemorrhage, necrosis, infarction, etc., This leads to intrauterine breathing, premature delivery, stillbirth, etc. Even if full-term delivery is possible, the child born is usually in poor health, smaller and lighter than the normal baby. In addition, there is another question: if the pregnant woman is anaemic during pregnancy, can she still bear the whole delivery process? Types of Anemia during Pregnancy Anemia is classified as anemia caused by lack of certain substances. 1. Iron deficiency anemia is the most common condition. After pregnancy, The human body’s demand for iron is about twice as high as usual. Generally, iron deficiency should be paid attention to during pre-pregnancy examination, Correct problems when they are found. After pregnancy, More attention should be paid to the reduction of hemoglobin (iron is the main component of heme) caused by iron deficiency. The demand for iron in early fetal development is not large. However, it is recommended to supplement iron every day after four months of pregnancy. 2. Megaloblastic anemia is mainly caused by folic acid deficiency. A few are caused by vitamin B12 deficiency. Folic acid deficiency is basically due to failure to supplement folic acid in time during pregnancy preparation. Coupled with the lack of green vegetables containing folic acid in the diet during pregnancy, This will lead to the lack of raw materials in the DNA synthesis process, red blood cells are difficult to develop and mature, and eventually cause anemia. 3. Aplastic anemia is caused by the problem of bone marrow hematopoietic ability. You should go to the hospital and cooperate with diagnosis and treatment under the guidance of specialists. How to treat anemia during pregnancy? As mentioned above, Our principles in treating anemia in pregnant women are: Lack of what to fill what, Check on time and supplement in advance. 1. Dietary supplement is mainly to supplement foods rich in iron. Such as animal liver, blood tofu, lean meat. Folic acid should also be supplemented. Fresh vegetables are rich in folic acid. Here is a reminder to pregnant women who are picky about food. Your habits are likely to cause anemia, Further affect fetal development. 2. Drug treatment anemia is more serious, only by diet has no way to correct anemia in time, it is necessary to use drugs to treat, such as oral iron and a small dose of folic acid, at the same time can also prevent congenital neural tube malformation and congenital heart disease. How to prevent anemia during pregnancy? 1. Eat a balanced diet. In fact, It is very difficult for pregnant women to really suffer from malnutrition during pregnancy. But nutritional balance is also difficult to achieve. Here are some recommended foods: Iron-rich foods: Such as animal liver, blood tofu, lean meat, beans, etc. Foods rich in water-soluble vitamins and folic acid: Such as green leafy vegetables, tomatoes, oranges, radishes, celery, peaches, etc. 2. Good eating habits Generally speaking, The consequence of picky eating is the lack of all necessary elements. This is not to frighten you, Because after pregnancy, everything is no longer a matter for one person, To take the overall situation into consideration, Try to avoid picky eating, And develop good eating habits such as chewing and swallowing slowly. 3. Healthy lifestyle, adequate sleep, Proper exercise, Good work and rest are very important. Be careful with your usual activities, For example, when you stand up slowly from the squatting position, To avoid postural hypotension. If you feel dizzy, You should sit down or lie down immediately to prevent you from falling down. In addition, you should also be careful not to take snacks as dinner. 4. Maintaining emotional stability is a very important body protection mechanism. Pregnant women feel happy every day, which is also helpful to maintain a healthy pregnancy state. Moreover, everyone thinks that women laugh beautifully! Well, that’s all about anemia during pregnancy. Anemia during pregnancy can be prevented, so it is the key to do a good job of prevention!