Pregnancy and childbirth: Can high myopia give birth smoothly?

The so-called high myopia refers to ametropia with myopia degree greater than 600 degrees, accompanied by axial extension, fundus retina and choroidal atrophy and other degenerative diseases becoming the main characteristics. To put it simply, myopia is over 600. If you look at the literature related to high myopia and cesarean section, Most of the literature is from Eastern Europe, Some ophthalmologists will suggest that the delivery method for patients with high myopia should be cesarean section, Because the patient needs to hold his breath for a long time during vaginal delivery, This increases the risk of retinal detachment. The real situation is: Patients with high myopia will have a series of corresponding changes in their eyes during pregnancy. For example, the central corneal thickness increases, intraocular pressure increases, His eyesight will decline. However, These conditions will recover after 6 weeks of delivery. Recent clinical studies have shown that: There is no significant increase in ocular complications (such as retinal detachment, which is the most worried thing) caused by normal delivery in pregnant women with high myopia compared with those with non-high myopia. In the past, cesarean section was only recommended by experts for pregnant women with high myopia. There is no evidence-based medical evidence to support it. Not only can high myopia give birth vaginally, Vaginal delivery can still be carried out after excimer laser surgery for high myopia. Even if there is a history of retinal detachment before, vaginal delivery can still be carried out, because evidence-based medical evidence suggests that vaginal delivery will not increase the incidence of eye complications among these pregnant women.