The main symptoms of abrasions
Scratches often have skin damage, pain at the damage and bleeding.
Treatment of abrasions
1. Situations that can be handled on their own
If the wound is very shallow and bleeding is not much, it can be handled by itself.
(1) Hemostasis and wound cleaning: After washing hands, press the wound tightly with sterilized gauze for 5 ~ 15 minutes. Then rinse the surrounding area of the wound with clear water or normal saline.
(2) Dressing and applying medicine: After cleaning the wound, use iodophor for disinfection. If the wound is small, you can apply Band-Aid. If the wound is large, you can cover the wound with clean gauze and wait for the wound to scab naturally. If the wound is slightly red and swollen and is suspected of infection, you can apply erythromycin ointment or mupirocin ointment to the wound.
(3) Dressing change in time: Band-Aid and gauze should be replaced on time. If they stick to the wound, they can be wet with normal saline and gently removed. If they are wet and dirty, they should be replaced in time.
(4) Analgesia: If the wound is very painful, you can consider taking ibuprofen and other analgesic drugs.
2. Situations requiring medical attention
If any of the following situations occur, you need to go to the emergency department for treatment:
(1) Unable to stop bleeding;
(2) The bruised wound is deep, revealing fat and muscle at joints or wounds;
(3) Wounds caused by animal minions, sharp instruments with dirty surfaces, etc., or dirt on the wounds cannot be removed;
(4) The wound does not heal for a long time or has red swelling and pain, or has symptoms such as red swelling, suppuration or persistent pain;
(5) I have never been injected with tetanus vaccine, or it has been more than 10 years since the last injection.
Before being sent to a doctor, the wound can be preliminarily treated by itself-rinsing with clear water and stopping bleeding under pressure with clean gauze or towel.
When sending a doctor, the injured area is higher than the heart level, which can reduce the outflow of blood to a certain extent.
Don’t apply salt, pickled food, powder and other strange things to the wound, and don’t use alcohol, iodine, mercurochrome, mercurochrome and other smears to the wound.
Prevention of scratches
1. Use sharp utensils correctly and carefully, such as scissors and kitchen knives.
2. You can consider buying safety scissors with round and blunt cutter heads.
3. Move slowly, see clearly before moving, always pay attention to avoid falling down and bumping.