Many middle-aged and old friends are often troubled by many diseases due to their aging bodies.
Now everyone is very concerned about chronic diseases such as hypertension, hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia. In fact, many infected venereal diseases are also threatening our health.
There is a bacterium that can cause many diseases and deserves everyone’s attention.
This is Streptococcus pneumoniae.
Small bacteria cause big trouble.
Although Streptococcus pneumoniae is so small that it can only be seen clearly under a microscope, friends should not underestimate it. It is very capable of [tossing and turning] and is not a fuel-efficient lamp.
Streptococcus pneumoniae is originally a bacterium that normally exists in our nasopharynx and oral cavity. When people’s immunity is normal, it can achieve [peaceful coexistence] with us.
However, once the human body’s immune defense line is broken through, Streptococcus pneumoniae can infect many tissues and organs, which can cause otitis media, sinusitis, bronchitis and other diseases. In serious cases, it can also lead to bacteremia, induce pneumonia, meningitis, osteomyelitis and suppurative arthritis.
In addition to causing a variety of diseases, Streptococcus pneumoniae has a very troublesome feature, because it has developed drug resistance to commonly used antibacterial drugs and is very troublesome to treat.
If we are infected with Streptococcus pneumoniae, we often need antibiotics to treat it, but because many kinds of Streptococcus pneumoniae have drug resistance, we are forced to take extreme measure: increase the dosage of drugs or replace them with newer antibiotics.
This is quite a battle between the two armies. Our army used to be able to win a battle by sending an ordinary infantry platoon. Now, because the enemy is familiar with our army’s [routine], our army can only be forced to adjust its strength.
Either increase the number of troops to two ordinary infantry platoons, or upgrade the number of troops and replace it with an elite platoon equipped with top-level equipment.
However, this practice is not lasting either, because in the process of [fighting and exchanging fire] with Streptococcus pneumoniae, Streptococcus pneumoniae can further find out our [details], once again increase the difficulty of treatment, creating a vicious circle.
Especially the middle-aged and elderly friends, the body immunity is weaker than that of young people, plus the influence of some chronic diseases, Streptococcus pneumoniae related diseases are especially easy to find. If infected with drug-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae, the difficulty of treatment can be imagined.
Vaccination for early prevention
So, don’t we have a way to deal with Streptococcus pneumoniae?
Yes! This method is to vaccinate Streptococcus pneumoniae to nip the disease in the bud.
After being vaccinated with Streptococcus pneumoniae vaccine, the human body will produce corresponding antibodies, so that Streptococcus pneumoniae can be locked in cages to prevent them from doing evil. Data have shown that with the large-scale use of Streptococcus pneumoniae vaccine, the number of drug-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae has slowly decreased.
There are two kinds of Streptococcus pneumoniae vaccines approved for listing in China, namely, 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) and 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPV23). PCV13 is generally recommended for children, while PPV23 is mainly recommended for adults.
There are two situations for PPV23 vaccination:
1. For the elderly aged 60 and above, one injection is required, and the second injection is not required.
2. For adults under 60 years old and some adults who increase the risk of Streptococcus pneumoniae infection and complications, one injection shall be given; The second dose can be inoculated at least every 5 years.
Here, the increased risk of infection with Streptococcus pneumoniae and complications includes:
- Chronic underlying diseases, Such as chronic cardiovascular diseases (cyanotic congenital heart disease, congestive heart failure, cardiomyopathy, Excluding hypertension), chronic pulmonary disease (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, pulmonary edema, asthma), chronic liver disease (cirrhosis), diabetes, cerebrospinal fluid leakage, cochlear implantation, alcoholism, smoking. Functional or anatomical asplenia, Such as sickle cell disease and other hemoglobinopathy, congenital or acquired asplenia, splenic dysfunction, splenectomy, impaired immune function, Such as congenital or acquired immune deficiency, HIV infection, chronic renal failure, nephrotic syndrome, leukemia, lymphoma, Hodgkin’s disease, systemic malignant tumor, multiple myeloma, parenchymal organ transplantation, bone marrow transplantation and diseases requiring immunosuppressive drugs, long-term corticoid therapy, radiotherapy and chemotherapy.
In many cases, small vaccines can avoid big troubles in the future. For the sake of everyone’s own health, don’t hesitate. If you meet the above conditions, go to vaccinate against Streptococcus pneumoniae as soon as possible.