The baby is afraid of injections and doctors. What should I do?

The illness of the baby is undoubtedly the most worrying thing for parents. And taking children to the hospital to see a doctor is a painful and helpless choice. As parents, almost all have encountered the difficult problem that children begin to feel anxious as soon as they enter the hospital and cry as soon as they listen to injections and infusions. Why are children so afraid? Children are more or less afraid of going to the hospital and seeing a doctor. There will also be resistance to injections and blood drawing. Unfamiliar environment brings panic: As children’s independent consciousness begins to germinate and form, If you are suddenly taken to a strange environment, It does panic. Protective response to therapeutic stimuli: Children are not yet mature in body and intelligence, It is also natural to show fear when receiving treatment, This is one of the individual’s protective responses to external stimuli. Forced restraint and insecurity: At the hospital, Most adults use the method of forcibly holding down their children, Control them to maintain a certain posture. When the child lies down under restraint, There is no way to observe the situation around us. This contributes to a greater sense of insecurity, And it often takes a long time for a child’s panic to be calmed down, Since then, I have also had a deep fear of hospitals and medical staff in white coats. In fact, when seeing a doctor, Whether adults or children, The uneasiness and fear of the upcoming treatment, It comes from uncertainty about pain and unknown things. Pain is often a subjective psychological state. And not simply a response to stimuli. Children are not yet mature in development, Sensitive to pain, the fear generated mainly comes from psychological fear of pain and trauma, not all tissue pain caused by trauma. When they know that what will occur next, the psychological feeling of discomfort can be relieved a lot. Parents how help children relieve their psychological fear? As a parent, Make the following preparations in advance, The process of taking the child to see a doctor can be easier, Parent-child relationship can also deepen: 1. Restrain your fear and anxiety. Children like to observe adults’ expressions. If you show anxiety and fear, Then children will do the same, Anxiety and fear are not conducive to children’s cooperation in treatment. Don’t take going to the hospital too seriously in front of children, It can be said airily that [seeing a doctor], Instead of saying [going to the hospital]. At the same time, We should also inform our relatives and friends, Don’t show nervousness in front of children. 2. Don’t exaggerate or exaggerate negative emotions. Children are still in their development period. Is still in the cognitive stage of things, What parents do and do in front of their children will have an impact on them. When parents stop their children from doing some bad behavior, Try not to use [not to eat, I will send you to the hospital] [If I don’t obey, I will let the doctor give you an injection] and other statements to frighten the child. These misguided inducements, It will form wrong understanding in children’s psychology. After a long time, This repeated negative reinforcement will virtually aggravate the child’s fear, Thus creating a painful impression, Causing children to reject doctors and hospitals, It is not conducive to cooperating with the doctor’s diagnosis and treatment in the future. 3. Try to participate in the treatment process as little as possible. During the treatment process, It is good for parents to accompany their children quietly. It is better not to interrupt, Not to mention caring and attentive, Seems to be more worried than children, In particular, don’t ask such sensitive questions as [whether it hurts or not], This will greatly affect the medical staff’s diagnosis and treatment work. If possible, parents had better leave the treatment room and let their children receive treatment alone. In fact, many children are not as vulnerable as parents think. 4. Tell your child that what will happen before going to see a doctor. Tell your child that you will see what people, such as doctors in white coats and nurses wearing masks. What will happen, such as telling the child in detail the procedures for blood tests. I will be separated from my family for a period of time and will meet soon. There will be some pain. If you can know for sure that you will do what next, Children will not be too anxious. 5. Play doctor’s games with children. Children like to experience various emotions through situational games and role-playing. Including worry, fear, anxiety and other negative emotions. In language that children can understand, Tell the child that it will happen when he goes to the hospital. What, Let the child experience the process of seeing a doctor himself, It is helpful to help them release their nervousness. When they really take their children to the hospital, You can bring some books or toys that children like, To relieve the pressure on children. 6. Be honest to children to some extent. Many children will be afraid when they hear about injections. If you have had unpleasant medical experience, This is especially true. It is better to use [after the doctor has seen it, We can go home] this kind of language to ease the child’s mood. After having such an experience, Children’s compliance will get worse and worse, Not only did they not cooperate, Still struggling. The right way is, Tell the child truthfully that he wants how treatment, And a firm attitude. Maybe the child will cry a little at first, But when he found that he had to accept the result, It will gradually calm down. Why don’t you tell your child honestly: [Yes, It hurts where the needle is inserted, But it only hurts for a while, Then it stopped hurting, And remember, Praise him for his bravery at the right time. 7. Give children more security. Many children cry during treatment. Is hoping to get parents’ attention, To ease their inner insecurity. Parents should listen more to their children’s thoughts at this time. To feel his feelings, Can through the body contact, hug, whisper to appease the child, let the child get safe satisfaction. For children who are excessively nervous, parents can use the correct and appropriate hug posture under the guidance of medical personnel to help the child smoothly and quickly accept the examination, so as to reduce the pressure of the child and avoid bad emotions. What countermeasures does the hospital have? Nowadays, the medical model has changed from the traditional model to the “bio-psychological-social” medical model. As a medical staff, they need not only exquisite clinical skills, It is also necessary to pay attention to the mental health of children, Good at using various psychological intervention methods to reduce the discomfort of children in treatment, So as to safeguard and promote the physical and mental health of children to the greatest extent. Children are like a blank sheet of paper. During the visit, As long as parents and medical personnel provide sufficient patience and skills, Through guidance to jointly reduce children’s anxiety and fear, Make children feel safe and accepted, In order to make children more cooperative in diagnosis and treatment, Many related departments and hospitals are decorating, decorating more close to children’s psychology. However, it is not decorated with cartoons and full of toys, which can make children fully accept hospitals and doctors. The most important thing is to establish the concept of “happy diagnosis and treatment”. Specifically, it is: to take care of children’s psychology and emotions in medical institutions; Help children adapt to and become familiar with the hospital environment; Let children know something about the medical process and be ready for treatment. Help parents to better develop their children’s behaviors. 1. Create a warm medical environment. Children are repellent to unfamiliar environments and strangers. Serious atmosphere can easily cause children to be nervous and afraid. Beautifying the environment can make the clinic full of children’s interest. Reduce the psychological pressure of children, At the same time, cartoon pictures and toys will also make children feel that they are valued and cared for as if they were at home. They are also more likely to cooperate actively in diagnosis and treatment. 2. Building Trust Relationships Children after 3 years old, Able to analyze and synthesize external stimuli, regulate and control their own behavior. Therefore, Before treatment, the receiving doctor will take into account the child’s age, personality, Combined with rich body language, Effective language communication, Encourage, comfort, Build good trust with children. It is necessary to explain all kinds of operations in a language familiar to children. Can soothe children’s nervousness about medical treatment in a short time, Let the parents who are at a loss be relieved. 3. Give children some control. Give appropriate control to children of different ages. If there is any discomfort, you can express it immediately. For example, tell the child to raise his hand when he feels pain, And rehearse ahead of time, If conditions permit, Reasonable cooperation between receiving doctors and children’s requirements will enhance their trust in doctors, At the same time, encourage language is used to cultivate children’s self-confidence. 4. Give positive guidance to children. Some children may have had bad experience of first diagnosis. But as long as in the follow-up visit, Give positive and positive guidance to children, Give a good medical experience again, Fear will also be reduced. Depending on the psychological characteristics of different ages, In due course, Divert your attention, Guide them to count, imagine beautiful stories, Can relax their spirit. In the process of diagnosis and treatment, Encouragement may also be applied, Praise and encourage children more, and praise them in time when they cooperate, so as to satisfy children’s self-esteem and increase their sense of honor. 5. The operation process of induction technology can refer to the [Tell-Show-Do] induction method in children’s oral treatment. Tell children: use easy language to explain the treatment process, such as telling them to listen to the heartbeat with stethoscope first; Demonstrate: You can show it on the chest of the medical staff first. Real operation: Finally, actual operation and treatment (Do) are carried out on children. In this process, the language of medical personnel should be adapted to the age and educational level of children: for example, for children aged 3-5 years old, simple language and gestures should be used in communication. As another example, school-age children have certain understanding, Can better analyze and synthesize external things, And adjust their behavior. Give them full opportunities to ask questions, So as to enhance the understanding of treatment. When children themselves understand the process of strange events, Fear of treatment will also decrease. 6. Prevent parents’ psychological hints from affecting children’s mental immaturity. Being susceptible to external influences and fearing treatment, However, parents dote on their children, indulge or worry too much, Even the parents’ own fear, Will have a negative impact on children’s behavior and emotions in the clinic. With the consent of the parents of the children, let them leave the clinic temporarily, which can avoid the impact of parents’ bad emotions on children. However, most children are also temporarily avoided by their parents, and their emotions change from uneasiness to obedience, thus receiving treatment more smoothly.