I believe many people have experienced swollen legs and feet. Although they are all swollen legs and feet, they are different. What are the reasons behind the swelling? It doesn’t matter which legs and feet are swollen, and which legs and feet need attention? Can how do it [reduce swelling]? Dr. Clove This takes you to explore [the secret behind swelling of legs and feet]. Physiological swelling of legs and feet 1. Swelling caused by body position I believe many people have experienced taking trains or planes. Sitting for a long time, Some people may have swollen feet, You can even press out a [small pit]. When you are sedentary or standing for a long time, Blood does not return to the heart easily due to gravity, But concentrated in the veins of the lower limbs, Causing increased venous pressure, At this time, the amount of water running from blood vessels to tissues increases, The final manifestation is swollen legs and feet. For this edema, We can prevent and deal with it through the following points: Move more: During the journey or work, Stand up and walk more often. When walking, lower limb muscles, In particular, the contraction of gastrocnemius muscle (commonly known as calf belly) can promote the flow of blood in lower limbs. Play a role in preventing leg swelling. Action of stepping on sewing machine pedals: If you can’t stand up and move, You can do this, Raise your toes hard first, Put it down again, Remember to lift it hard, Then put it down easily. Like stepping on a sewing machine pedal, Repeat the cycle. Raise the lower limbs: For edema that has already occurred, The best way is to raise your lower limbs. Reduce the filling state of lower limb blood. For example, Putting a pillow under your feet when you sleep. 2. Premenstrual Syndrome Normal menstruation is closely related to periodic changes in hormone levels in your body. At the same time, Changes in hormone levels can also cause other physiological changes, Mild edema before or during menstruation is one of them. This kind of edema is usually swelling around the ankles on both sides. Generally, there is no obvious pain or walking restriction, which appears and disappears with the menstrual cycle. It is physiological and harmless, so there is no need to worry too much. Drug-induced edema Drugs that cause edema often include: hormones (such as adrenal glucocorticoid, androgen, estrogen, insulin); Glycyrrhiza preparation (such as compound glycyrrhizin tablets, diammonium glycyrrhizinate injection, etc.); Antihypertensive drugs (such as felodipine, losartan, etc.). For friends who are using the above drugs, if edema occurs, Nor can it be assumed that the edema is caused by drugs, It still needs to be confirmed after consulting a doctor. This may also be caused by other diseases. Edema caused by diseases 1. Venous thrombosis Edema caused by venous thrombosis is often accompanied by pain. It could be a swelling on one side, It may also be swollen on both sides. When swollen legs and feet are found with pain, Don’t be careless, Thrombus shedding may lead to pulmonary embolism and even death. In addition, During pregnancy, If the left lower limb is significantly more swollen than the right lower limb, Caution should be aroused, Can go to the hospital for lower limb vein color Doppler ultrasound, Excluding deep venous thrombosis caused by enlargement of uterus and compression of veins. 2. Heart diseases are very important for people with poor heart function (especially right heart failure). Because the heart cannot let the blood flow well, When a large amount of blood is accumulated in the blood vessels of the lower limbs, Lower limb edema may occur. 3. Kidney Disease Kidney plays a very important role in the metabolism and excretion of fluid in the body. All kinds of nephropathy and nephritis may cause edema. The edema caused by this usually occurs first in the face. Finally, systemic edema may occur. 4. Patients with advanced liver diseases usually have ankle edema first, At the same time, ascites, jaundice, etc. 5. Other malnutrition, hypothyroidism (hypothyroidism for short), local injury (such as ankle sprain, local infection), lymphedema and other diseases may also have edema symptoms. In short, there are many reasons behind swollen legs and feet, some are trivial, some may be big problems, don’t be careless.