When soldiers train and perform tasks, the environmental conditions are complicated, and skin bruises and cuts are very common.
Scratches, cuts, what should I do?
1. Situations that can be handled on their own
If the wound is very shallow and bleeding is not much, it can be handled by itself.
(1) Stop bleeding and clean the wound
After washing your hands, press the wound tightly with sterilized gauze for 5 ~ 15 minutes. Then rinse the surrounding area of the wound with clear water or normal saline.
(2) Dressing and applying medicine
After cleaning the wound, use iodophor for disinfection.
If the wound is small, apply Band-Aids. If the wound is large, cover it with clean gauze and bind it up, waiting for the wound to scab naturally. If the wound is slightly red and swollen and suspected of infection, apply erythromycin ointment or mupirocin ointment to the wound.
(3) Timely dressing change
Band-Aid and gauze should be replaced on time. If they stick to the wound, they can be wet with normal saline and gently removed. If they are wet and dirty, they should be replaced in time.
If the wound is very painful, consider taking ibuprofen and other painkillers.
2. Situations requiring medical attention
Military doctors are required to deal with any of the following situations:
(1) Unable to stop bleeding;
(2) The bruised wound is deep, revealing fat and muscle at joints or wounds;
(3) Wounds caused by animal minions, sharp instruments with dirty surfaces, etc., or dirt on the wounds cannot be removed;
(4) The wound does not heal for a long time or has red swelling and pain, or has symptoms such as red swelling, suppuration or persistent pain;
(5) I have never been injected with tetanus vaccine, or it has been more than 10 years since the last injection.
Before being sent to a doctor, the wound can be preliminarily treated by itself-rinsing with clear water and pressurizing with clean gauze or towel to stop bleeding. When sending a doctor, the injured area is higher than the heart level, which can reduce the outflow of blood to a certain extent.
Don’t apply salt, pickled food, powder and other strange things to the wound, and don’t use alcohol, iodine, mercurochrome, mercurochrome and other smears to the wound.
How to prevent bruises and cuts?
1. Do a good job in training and task protection, such as wearing gloves, long-sleeved trousers, etc.
2. Move slowly, see clearly before moving, always pay attention to avoid falling down and bumping.