Manifestations of varicose veins
Patients with varicose veins have veins standing out like earthworms on their legs, which often appear on their calves. The common manifestations of varicose veins are that the legs have no strength, the skin is itchy and swollen, and even the skin color may be deepened, rough and rotten.
Treatment of varicose veins
1. Conservative treatment
It is suitable for early mild varicose veins, pregnant women, patients who are too old to be treated by surgery and whose whole body condition is poor to tolerate surgery, including avoiding standing for a long time, raising the leg with varicose veins from time to time, wearing elastic socks or using elastic bandages to relieve symptoms.
2. Non-conservative treatment
If varicose veins are more serious, sclerosing agent injection or surgical treatment can be considered.
(1) Sclerosing agent injection therapy
Sclerosing agent injection therapy refers to venous occlusion caused by inflammatory reaction caused by injection of sclerosing agent. In principle, all types of varicose veins can be treated with sclerosing injection. The effect will be better for varicose veins with smaller diameter. Sclerotherapy is simple to operate, low in cost, does not need hospitalization, and is easy for patients to accept, but the indications and contraindications of sclerosing agent should be paid attention to.
(2) Surgical treatment
Surgical treatment can be divided into traditional surgical treatment (such as high ligation and stripping) and minimally invasive treatment. For patients with simple superficial varicose veins of lower limbs with communicating vein valve insufficiency and deep vein patency with clear clinical symptoms and signs, surgical treatment should be performed if they can tolerate surgery, and the surgical method should be selected according to specific conditions.
Prevention of varicose veins
The following points should be paid attention to in preventing varicose veins:
People who work on their feet for a long time and work hard can wear medical elastic socks at ordinary times, properly strengthen the exercise of their lower limbs, and raise their lower limbs before going to bed.
Patients with chronic cough and habitual constipation should be treated in time for the primary disease.
Pregnant women in the third trimester of pregnancy had better reduce their activities out of bed or wear medical elastic socks.
On the diet, avoid alcohol and tobacco, eat less greasy and spicy food, and eat more food containing vitamins.
You can take some drugs to promote blood circulation orally.
For the general population, we should try our best to avoid standing for a long time, squatting for a long time, sitting for a long time and other actions to slow down blood reflux, and appropriately strengthen physical exercise.