In life, many people will feel their stomach is not good, have all kinds of discomfort after eating, stomach acid, stomach distension and even stomachache symptoms of dyspepsia. Most people will go to the hospital for examination, blood, B-ultrasound and gastroscope, colonoscopy and other results are normal. However, the uncomfortable situation is not good at all. Doctors will say that this may be functional dyspepsia.
What should I do? Let’s talk about this functional dyspepsia.
If the examination is normal, why does the stomach feel uncomfortable?
All examinations are mainly to see if there are any changes in appearance of various organs in the belly, but some functional changes cannot be seen.
Patients with dyspepsia often have poor gastrointestinal motility and increased gastric acid secretion. If food stays in the stomach for a long time, it will continuously stimulate the stomach to secrete more gastric acid. Causing the patient’s stomach to be more sensitive than others, mild dilatation or gastric acid stimulation will feel very obvious discomfort.
Therefore, any factor causing poor gastrointestinal motility and increased gastric acid secretion can induce dyspepsia, such as:
Factors Causing Poor Gastrointestinal Motility
Lack of exercise, poor sleep, smoking, drinking, drinking coffee, strong tea and overeating will all lead to gastrointestinal motility abnormalities.
Factors Causing Increased Gastric Acid Secretion
An unclean diet; Eat more sweets; Eat more glutinous rice, rich in starch, rich in cellulose and other indigestible foods, these foods stay in the stomach for a long time, will continue to stimulate gastric acid secretion.
About half of the patients with functional dyspepsia have mental disorders. The greater the degree of mental stress such as tension, anxiety, depression and fear, the more obvious the symptoms of dyspepsia.
Functional diseases should also be paid attention to.
Many patients with functional dyspepsia have done a lot of examinations, but they have not found out the problem. They always feel a little uncomfortable and feel that they are not ill. Why do they have to do so many examinations?
In fact, the diagnosis of functional diseases is the most difficult for doctors, and it is necessary to eliminate all possible abnormal conditions before diagnosis can be made.
Besides, patients and stomach discomfort still need to see a doctor in time to eliminate various problems such as ulcer and bacterial infection, and cannot use various drugs for stomach diseases without authorization.
Although all the examinations are normal, one cannot treat all the stomach discomfort that occurs later as dyspepsia and think that one is fine.
It is still necessary to pay attention to the changes of one’s own symptoms. When the symptoms worsen, one should seek medical treatment in time.
In particular, when the following symptoms occur, you should go to the hospital in time:
- Weight loss in a short period of time; Anemia; Long-term fever without cause; Touch the stomach has abnormal mass; Frequent vomiting and even hematemesis, with bloodshot vomitus; The stool is black; Short-term loss of appetite, especially for people over 40.
How to nourish the stomach?
Many patients with functional dyspepsia want to get rid of all kinds of discomfort symptoms and hope to have some [stomach nourishing] methods.
From a medical point of view, the treatment of functional dyspepsia mainly starts with relieving symptoms and improving the quality of life of patients.
Improve the way of life
Quitting smoking and drinking, ensuring adequate sleep, keeping a good mood and exercising moderately are all conducive to the recovery of gastrointestinal function.
Pay attention to your diet
The most important thing is to eat regularly.
Diet rules, so that gastric acid secretion can be regular, gastric sensitivity returns to normal, symptoms naturally gradually improve.
Many patients will ask [what, I can’t eat anything? What can eat food? ]
In fact, everyone’s sensitivity to the type and quantity of food is different. For example, other people have no discomfort when eating seafood, and you will react when you eat a little.
Therefore, the principle for patients with functional dyspepsia to choose diet should be: as long as it suits them, they can eat it!
Generally speaking, if gastric acid and burning sensation are obvious, irritant foods such as wine, coffee and carbonated drinks and greasy foods should be avoided as much as possible.
If the stomach distension is obvious, eat less foods that are not easy to digest, such as glutinous rice foods such as zongzi and rice cakes, foods with high starch density such as sweet potatoes and potatoes, and foods rich in cellulose such as dried bamboo shoots and celery.
Proper use of drugs
Acid inhibitor: suitable for patients with stomach burning sensation and stomachache symptoms. Common drugs include ranitidine, famotidine, omeprazole, pantoprazole, etc.
Promoter: It may improve symptoms such as gastric distension and poor appetite. Commonly used drugs include Mosapride, etc.
Digestive enzymes, probiotics, etc. can sometimes be used as auxiliary drugs.
Others: such as hydrotalcite, aluminum hydroxide and other anti-acid and gastric mucosa protection drugs.
For patients with obvious symptoms, the general doctor will prescribe these drugs and take them according to the doctor’s advice. Sometimes the doctor will tell you to take them as needed, that is, when the symptoms are obvious, you don’t need to take the medicine when there are no symptoms.
Most patients can improve the symptoms of dyspepsia by relieving stress, improving mood and sleep, but a small number of patients need anti-anxiety and antidepressant drugs to achieve better therapeutic effects.
Caution in [Nourishing Stomach] Folk Prescription
The effectiveness and safety of many [stomach nourishing] folk remedies have not been proved. Others use them effectively and may not be suitable for themselves. Moreover, the safety of many folk remedies has not been verified, which may affect liver and kidney functions.
As for the [stomach nourishing] biscuits on the market, coarse grain biscuits are also eaten as little as possible. Such biscuits are usually added with a large amount of sugar and oil for taste, which is not suitable for patients with dyspepsia.
Finally, functional dyspepsia will recur. In order to prevent recurrence and improve the quality of life, patients should not rely too much on drugs. The most important thing is to develop good eating habits and establish a good lifestyle.
Responsible Editor: Zhang Jingyuan
This article is exclusively authorized to be used by Clove Garden and refuses any other form of reprinting.