Where is the most hateful fat?

Our bodies need a certain amount of fat to maintain normal physiological activities. Fat is not only an important component involved in energy metabolism, It also plays an important role in hormone secretion, It also keeps the body warm and protects the viscera. But if fat accumulates too much locally, It is also harmful to health. Different parts of fat have different effects on the body. Compared with subcutaneous fat, which is the most easily found, Visceral fat such as pericardial fat, intrahepatic fat, The harm to the body is much greater. This is why some people do not look fat, However, there are dyslipidemia, fatty liver, cardiovascular problems, etc. As far as health hazards are concerned, The inner fat is much more serious than the outer fat. Next, let’s take a closer look at the fat accumulation in different parts, which will bring harm to how. The heart can only be saturated with subcutaneous fat. Fat is easy to accumulate around the heart. The degree of saturation of subcutaneous fat in each person is determined by genes. That’s why some people who look fat have pericardiac fat, while others who look thin also have pericardiac fat. The presence of these fats will affect the normal beating of the heart, thus affecting the function of the heart. Eating less and exercising more is the only way to reduce these fats! Liver the liver is the main place for metabolism and synthesis of substances in the body. If its functionality is affected, It can cause a lot of problems, Such as diabetes and hypercholesterolemia. At the same time, the liver is also an important place for fat metabolism. The concentration of fat in the blood and liver function interact. When fat accumulates in the liver, Fatty liver will form. Depending on the severity, The clinical symptoms of fatty liver are also different, Severe fatty liver damages liver function, Causing liver cirrhosis. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a common chronic liver disease in China. Refers to excluding alcohol, drugs and other reasons, Excessive accumulation of fat in the liver. Patients who are overweight, suffer from diabetes or hypercholesterolemia are more likely to get NAFLD. It is not only common in China, About 30% of the population in the United States also suffers from NAFLD. Because alcohol has a great influence on fat metabolism in the liver, So in addition to losing weight, eating less and exercising more, Alcohol abstinence is also important to prevent the progression of fatty liver. Eyes Careful observation of the eyes of some elderly people, They will find a white corneal ring around their corneas. This is caused by fat accumulation. This kind of situation is more easily found in the elderly. But it does not affect eyesight. Higher levels of estrogen in women’s thighs and buttocks will promote the accumulation of adipose tissue in these areas. However, the fat in thighs and buttocks is subcutaneous fat. It does not cause too many health problems as visceral fat. However, As a general rule, The more subcutaneous fat there is, The easier it is for viscera to accumulate fat. Men in the abdomen are more likely to accumulate fat in the abdomen than women. Compared with pear-shaped people (fat is concentrated in the thighs and buttocks), People with apple bodies (fat concentrated in the abdomen) are more likely to develop diabetes, hypertension and cardiovascular diseases. Compared with thighs and buttocks, The thickness of subcutaneous fat in the abdomen can better reflect the amount of visceral fat. Therefore, visceral fat content can be simply estimated by measuring waist circumference in daily life. BMI, body mass index, Also known as BMI, It is a figure obtained by dividing the kilogram of body weight by the square of the meter of height. The unit is kg/㎡, At present, it is a standard commonly used in the world to measure the degree of weight and thinness of the human body and whether it is healthy or not. It can be used to roughly estimate a person’s obesity. For the Chinese population, The current criteria are: Low body weight < 18.5 normal body weight 18.5 ~ 23.9 overweight 24.0 ~ 27.9 obesity ≥ 28, but BMI is only evaluated by body weight, Without taking into account muscle content, It is very likely that two people have the same BMI, However, the body shape is completely different. It is suggested to consult a doctor and comprehensively evaluate the risk of obesity-related diseases by combining waist circumference and BMI values, which is more accurate. According to the “Guidelines for Prevention and Control of Overweight and Obesity in Chinese Adults” published in 2009, the risk of waist circumference and BMI and obesity-related diseases can be referred to the following table: Responsible Editor: Zhang Jingyuan