As the baby grows up, the range of activities is also getting wider and wider. TA is full of curiosity about the whole world and likes to touch here and there. The rich sense of touch increases TA’s understanding of the world, but at the same time, danger also lurks in it.
Scalds are one of the common accidental injuries.
Scalding is not only hot water, including steam, oil, porridge, even light bulbs and electric toys that have been on for a long time, which may burn the baby. Parents or other elders often feel extremely remorse and regret how they neglected it afterwards. Especially when seeing the baby’s scars, it is inevitable to [touch the scene].
In fact, there are some [prescribed actions] to deal with burns. Of course, prevention is more important before accidents occur.
The burns are severe and severe.
First of all, scalds can be divided into severity:
- The local scald of Ⅰ degree was only slightly red and swollen. Blisters will appear in II scald. Ⅲ degree scald is the most serious, which can hurt subcutaneous tissue, fat, muscle, etc. Local scalds can become gray or reddish brown, and even turn black and scorched.
The severity depends on the temperature of the heat source and the contact time between the skin and the heat source. When Ⅲ degree scald occurs, you should go to the hospital immediately to avoid the loss of body fluid caused by deep scald and other adverse consequences such as endangering the baby’s life.
Pre-hospital treatment is very important.
When I or II burns, parents only need to find out and hope to do the following five actions immediately, which can relieve the damage of burns to babies to a certain extent:
STEP 1 Shoot
Rinse the scalded area with clean flowing cold water for at least 10 minutes. The water flow should not be too fast. The flowing cold water can quickly take away local heat and reduce further thermal damage.
Step 2: Take off
In cold water, remove the clothes covering the wound surface, and be careful not to peel them off forcibly. When necessary, you can cut the clothes with scissors, with the scissors head up, to avoid sharp scissors hurting the baby. Avoid breaking blisters.
Step 3: Bubble
Soak the scalded part in cold water for 10 ~ 30 minutes, which can relieve the pain and further radiate heat. If the baby is still relatively small and the scalded area is relatively large, attention should be paid to the baby’s body temperature.
Step 4: Cover
After the above treatment, cover the wound with clean or sterile gauze and towel and fix it, which can keep the wound clean and reduce infection.
Finally, the baby needs to be sent to a specialized hospital that can treat burns for treatment.
Special reminder: If it is a chemical burn, such as strong acid, strong alkali, etc., it must be washed with a large amount of cold water as soon as possible and sent to the hospital as soon as possible.
Folk folk prescription is not desirable.
There are many folk remedies to deal with burns, such as toothpaste, lard, soy sauce, salt water, etc. These are not desirable!
- No salt! There is an old saying [don’t sprinkle salt on the wound], without the protection of the epidermis, how painful it is for the injured cells to touch soy sauce and salt water! No lard! Lard, as an oil, can hinder the heat emission and aggravate burns. Don’t apply toothpaste either! The same is true of toothpaste. Preventing fever will make scalds more serious.
In addition, smearing these media will hinder medical personnel from judging the injury condition, bring [artificial difficulty] to debridement, and also cause artificial secondary infection, which is really undesirable!
After the baby burns, many parents worry about whether there will be scars.
This is related to the degree of scald. I and superficial II scald wounds can heal without leaving scars, while deep II and III scald wounds will form scars. During the healing process, the newly-born skin is usually dry or even cracked. Parents can apply appropriate moisturizing cream to moisturize the newly-born skin.
Prevention lessons are indispensable.
When the baby starts to explore the world, the details of prevention really need to be implemented in all aspects of life. When the baby has no [mobility], parents should turn off all heat sources that contact the baby.
Step 1: Bathing water
Cold water should be put in first, then hot water should be put in, and the water temperature should be well controlled. Thermometer can be used for measurement when conditions permit.
Step 2: Make milk powder
It is also necessary to control the temperature so that the skin dripping on the inner side of parents’ wrists is not hot. For those who use heated drinking fountains at home, the hot water outlet should be well managed.
3. Light bulbs, electric toys, etc
When incandescent lamps are turned on, the temperature is very high. It is recommended to choose energy-saving lamps with low temperature. Electric toys need to check circuits and batteries to avoid local overheating during use of non-conforming products.
Step 4: Kitchen
The kitchen is [a place where injuries occur frequently]. It is very important to lock the kitchen to prevent the baby from entering easily. The thermos bottle should be placed in a place where the baby is not easy to touch. The cooked hot dishes and cups containing hot water should not be placed on the edge of the table and hearth to prevent the baby from catching and turning over.
STEP 5 Warm in Winter
Do not directly contact the hot water bag with the baby’s skin, need to wrap with towels, the temperature should not be too high, and need to tighten to prevent water leakage. In winter, try to avoid using [warm baby] and other heating products for the baby. Low temperature and long-term contact with the baby’s immature skin will also cause scalding results. When using heating equipment in winter, it is also necessary to do a good job of protection.
At the same time of environmental prevention, we should also strengthen the education of our babies and educate them not to touch dangerous articles at will, so as to achieve better prevention. For older children, some simple fire safety education can be carried out.
Through the above introduction, I hope parents can discover the hidden dangers in life in time and eliminate them, so that the baby will not suffer from the pain of flesh and blood.
Responsible Editor: Fei Fei