There is an old saying that “people look for diseases 40 years ago and people look for diseases 40 years later”. Although it is not entirely scientific, there are some reasons.
When he was young, he developed bad living habits by relying on his youthful vitality and not paying attention to love. In the long run, he laid roots for future diseases.
After reaching the age of 40 and gradually entering middle age, the body is like a machine that has been used for a long time. All parts are [worn and rusted], and some problems gradually appear.
The concept of paying attention to health care and preventing diseases should always be paid attention to by us, especially the middle-aged and elderly people.
Five diseases will be mentioned below. Dr. Clove has listed these common diseases and the points to pay attention to in prevention.
The heart is like the engine of the body. If the blood vessels supplying the heart are blocked, myocardial infarction will occur. Acute myocardial infarction is extremely dangerous, and death will easily occur if treatment is not timely.
Men over 55 years old and women over 65 years old are high risk factors for acute myocardial infarction, but friends who pay attention to the news will find that people around 40 years old will also suffer from myocardial infarction.
Stroke is a common name, which refers to a kind of acute cerebrovascular disease, which will eventually cause brain damage, paralysis, coma, inability to speak, etc.
Stroke is often considered as a disease that only the elderly can get, but investigations have found that more and more young and middle-aged people suffer from stroke.
Both myocardial infarction and stroke are vascular diseases, so there are very similar preventive measures.
Smoking can damage blood vessels and increase the risk of myocardial infarction and stroke.
If you can’t drink, try not to drink. If you have to drink, you must control the amount.
About 40 minutes a day, 4 times a week; Jogging, tai chi, square dancing and other medium and low intensity exercises are recommended.
Pay attention to less salt (less than 6g per day), less oil and eat more vegetables and fruits.
Obesity will increase the risk of stroke and myocardial infarction. Obese friends should pay attention to weight loss.
Hypertension, hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia can all damage blood vessels. For friends without three highs, regular physical examination should be conducted to monitor these indicators. Friends who have suffered from three highs should control the corresponding indexes. At the same time, attention should also be paid to electrocardiogram, carotid artery color Doppler ultrasound and other examinations.
All kinds of tumors
There are many kinds of tumors, including lung cancer, gastric cancer, liver cancer, intestinal cancer, etc.
There are three things we can do to reduce the occurrence of tumors: maintain a healthy lifestyle, pay attention to stay away from various carcinogens, and find and deal with them early and in time.
As mentioned above, quit smoking, limit alcohol, exercise, eat and lose weight.
Keep away from carcinogens
Asbestos, betel nut, aflatoxin (moldy corn and peanuts) in moldy food, salted fish and pickled meat are all substances with definite carcinogenic effect and should be avoided as much as possible.
Early detection and treatment
Even dangerous cancers, if found as soon as possible and treated in time, can usually improve the cure rate and quality of life.
The way to find cancer as soon as possible is routine physical examination, X-ray, CT, tumor markers and other examinations.
Bone loss begins at about 35 years of age, so osteoporosis is easy to occur, leading to pain, hunchback, height reduction and fracture. Osteoporosis can also be prevented.
A balanced diet
Increase the intake of calcium and protein in your diet, eat more milk and dairy products, beans and bean products, and fresh vegetables. Drink less coffee and do not drink carbonated beverages such as cola to prevent bone loss.
When people exercise, muscle activities will constantly stimulate bone tissue metabolism, thus making bones stronger.
Appropriate sunlight exposure
Appropriate exposure to sunlight can promote the production of vitamin D and the absorption of calcium, which plays a key role in preventing osteoporosis. It is suggested that normal people should have at least 20 minutes of sunshine every day on average and avoid the period from 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. in summer.
In addition, the initial symptoms of osteoporosis are not obvious. Dr. Clove suggested that friends after 40 years old should check bone mineral density to see if there is osteoporosis and corresponding treatment if there is persistent pain in waist and back.
Many friends are prone to knee pain when they get older. In fact, most of them are osteoarthritis. According to statistics, 60% ~ 70% of men over 60 years old suffer from osteoarthritis, while more women suffer from osteoarthritis.
Prevention of osteoarthritis can focus on the following two points.
Good Habit of Knee Pads
Avoid taking too many stairs and long distances. Don’t let your knees bear too much weight. Friends who are too fat should pay attention to weight loss.
Strengthen the leg muscles
For example, lying flat on the bed to practice leg lifting: straighten your legs, hook your feet, and lift your feet 40 ~ 50 cm away from the bed surface; Hold on for 10 ~ 15 seconds before putting it down. Two legs alternate, do 3 ~ 4 at a time; Do it several times a day in the morning and evening to strengthen the quadriceps femoris.
Dr. Clove hopes that all friends can attach importance to prevention, stay away from these diseases and be healthy.