Delivery in water is risky, and blindly following the trend is not acceptable.

Because Li Yunmei, a popular actress who plays many Korean dramas such as “My name is Jin Sanshun” and “Little Woman”, On August 4, 2015, she gave birth to a 3.5 kg youngest daughter by water delivery. It became hot news for a while. Star effect is good, One stone stirred up a thousand waves. Li Yunmei’s story immediately triggered a heated discussion about the way people gave birth in water. After watching the news, many young women were melted by the family’s affection of Li Yunmei and left messages saying: “I also want to give birth in water, and I also want my husband to accompany me.” So, what is going on in water? Is water delivery really as high as the legend? Is what giving birth in water? Water delivery, in short, is the mother in the water to give birth to a child, the baby was born completely in the water, immediately after birth out of the water, the mother also before the delivery of the placenta out of the water. There are many articles that water delivery benefits, such as: expectant mothers are comforted by warm water, can reduce the pain of expectant labor; The buoyancy support of water and the slight impact of water waves make the parturient feel more [feel], relax the muscles of pelvic floor and legs and increase elasticity, enhance the activity of uterine muscles, accelerate the progress of labor, and reduce vulvar laceration and perineotomy. Reduce postpartum hemorrhage. Is it safe to give birth in water? It is said that as early as 8,000 years ago in ancient Egypt, Human beings have water childbirth, Some parts of the world have the custom of giving birth in water. Of course, The earliest recorded and generally recognized water childbirth was in France in 1805. Until the middle and late last century, Water childbirth has only become popular in Europe, America and other countries. Although its safety and benefits are not supported by the evidence of rigorous scientific research, However, there are still doctors recommending to parturients. Among them, Britain does more, while the United States is far less popular than Britain, because American officials have been cautious about this and there have been voices of opposition that water delivery is not safe and may even be fatal. What are the dangers of water delivery? In March 2014, The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and the American Academy of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ACOG) jointly issued a guidance. This guideline, through a comprehensive review and analysis of the research literature on water delivery, concluded that: (1) immersion in water during the first stage of delivery (i.e. Waiting for delivery in water) can reduce pain and shorten labor process; (2) The benefits, safety and effectiveness of immersion in water in the second stage of delivery (i.e. Water delivery) to fetus and parturient are not supported by sufficient clinical evidence; (3) Water delivery may cause rare and serious or even fatal complications of newborns. For example, neonatal infection, neonatal thermoregulation disorder, umbilical cord avulsion, severe hemorrhage and even shock caused by rupture, inhalation of labor water (choking and drowning), respiratory distress, perinatal asphyxia, hyponatremia, among which the most reported complications are drowning or near drowning, And severe inhalation respiratory distress. Therefore, the guidelines do not recommend water delivery as a routine clinical method. In other words, water delivery is still only used as a clinical trial in the United States, and its so-called benefits may be exaggerated and its disadvantages may be underestimated. What are the requirements for water delivery? To give birth in water, Whether it is for the environment or the maternity itself, There are requirements. Requirements for the environment in the early years, foreign countries used bathtubs, massage tanks, inflatable pools or childbirth relaxation pools as childbirth pools. The same is true of some hospitals in our country. Practice has proved that these non-professional equipment has many hidden dangers. Water for delivery provides a special environment for water delivery. Its water quality requirements are very high, Only complete sets of equipment such as professional delivery pools and water purification and treatment devices, Only in this way can we completely disinfect, And maintain the water quality requirements during water delivery, At the same time, it provides safe and comfortable body position change space for parturients. As far as the requirements for parturients are concerned, The choice of water delivery must first meet the conditions of natural delivery, Even if the conditions for natural labor are met, Not all of them are suitable for water delivery. The main unsuitable situations are: Women suffering from heart disease, pregnancy, hypertension, twins, multiple births, low birth weight or macrosomia are obese and suffer from infectious diseases such as hepatitis B and herpes. In addition, as Chinese women, don’t forget the differences between you and women in Europe and the United States in terms of physiology and physiology: their tall size is more advantageous and it is easier to have children. They have a large number of mothers, However, most pregnant and lying-in women in China are primipara, The first birth takes a long time to give birth, Birth canal and perineal conditions are worse than those of menstrual parturients, which may increase the risk of water delivery. Thus, water delivery is not so good as it sounds and looks so beautiful. Weighing the pros and cons, you can try, but you must carefully consult a doctor. To pursue comfort, more attention should be paid to safety. Giving birth to a baby is a major event related to family happiness and health and safety.